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The Hand Of Compassion

Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400849578
Size: 57.59 MB
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Through moving interviews with five ordinary people who rescued Jews during the Holocaust, Kristen Monroe casts new light on a question at the heart of ethics: Why do people risk their lives for strangers and what drives such moral choice? Monroe's analysis points not to traditional explanations--such as religion or reason--but to identity. The rescuers' perceptions of themselves in relation to others made their extraordinary acts spontaneous and left the rescuers no choice but to act. To turn away Jews was, for them, literally unimaginable. In the words of one German Czech rescuer, "The hand of compassion was faster than the calculus of reason." At the heart of this unusual book are interviews with the rescuers, complex human beings from all parts of the Third Reich and all walks of life: Margot, a wealthy German who saved Jews while in exile in Holland; Otto, a German living in Prague who saved more than 100 Jews and provides surprising information about the plot to kill Hitler; John, a Dutchman on the Gestapo's "Most Wanted List"; Irene, a Polish student who hid eighteen Jews in the home of the German major for whom she was keeping house; and Knud, a Danish wartime policeman who took part in the extraordinary rescue of 85 percent of his country's Jews. We listen as the rescuers themselves tell the stories of their lives and their efforts to save Jews. Monroe's analysis of these stories draws on philosophy, ethics, and political psychology to suggest why and how identity constrains our choices, both cognitively and ethically. Her work offers a powerful counterpoint to conventional arguments about rational choice and a valuable addition to the literature on ethics and moral psychology. It is a dramatic illumination of the power of identity to shape our most basic political acts, including our treatment of others. But always Monroe returns us to the rescuers, to their strong voices, reminding us that the Holocaust need not have happened and revealing the minds of the ethically exemplary as they negotiated the moral quicksand that was the Holocaust.

Kollektiv Solidarische Zivilcourage Judenretter Im Nationalsozialismus

Author: Anja-Isabelle Klützke
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 3828856888
Size: 28.84 MB
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Die Frage nach Zivilcourage ist aktueller denn je. Im öffentlichen Fokus stehen derzeit Rechtsextremismus, Fremdenfeindlichkeit und die Gewaltbereitschaft von Jugendlichen. Nicht nur Einzelpersonen können Zivilcourage zeigen, sondern auch größere Gruppen können sich solidarisieren und gemeinsam couragiert handeln. Anja-Isabelle Klützke untersucht das Konzept der kollektiv-solidarischen Zivilcourage am Beispiel der sogenannten "Judenretter" zur Zeit des Nationalsozialismus. Anhand zahlreicher Fallstudien erläutert sie, dass der politisch-kulturelle Kontext, Organisationsgeschick und flexible Gruppenstrukturen, aber auch tradierte Wertüberzeugungen, Führungsinitiative und spontane Gruppendynamiken im Zusammenwirken vieler Akteure eine größere Rolle spielen als bei individueller Zivilcourage. Klützke beschreibt, wie kollektive Zivilcourage funktioniert, bietet eine Bestandsaufnahme und einen ersten Ansatz zu einer Systematik. Ein innovativer Beitrag zur politikwissenschaftlichen Zivilcourage-Forschung, der verständlich macht, wie Menschen gemeinsam der NS-Herrschaft trotzten und mutige Solidarität zeigten.

Christianity And The Roots Of Morality

Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004343539
Size: 61.57 MB
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Christianity and the Roots of Morality combines philosophical, early Christian and empirical studies to cast light on the role of religion, especially Christianity, in morality, pro-social behavior and altruism.

The Politics Of Compassion

Author: Michael Ure
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317915526
Size: 13.73 MB
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This book provides a critical overview of the role of the emotions in politics. Compassion is a politically charged virtue, and yet we know surprisingly little about the uses (and abuses) of compassion in political environments. Covering sociology, political theory and psychology, and with contributions from Martha Nussbaum and Andrew Linklater amongst others, the book gives a succinct overview of the main theories of political compassion and the emotions in politics. It covers key concepts such as humanitarianism, political emotion and agency in relation to compassion as a political virtue. The Politics of Compassion is a fascinating resource for students and scholars of political theory, international relations, political sociology and psychology.

Gender And The Genocide In Rwanda

Author: Sara E. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351699768
Size: 18.96 MB
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This book examines the mobilization, role, and trajectory of women rescuers and perpetrators during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. While much has been written about the victimization of women during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, very little has been said about women who rescued targeted victims or perpetrated crimes against humanity. This book explores and analyzes the role played by women who exercised agency as rescuers and as perpetrators during the genocide in Rwanda. As women, they took actions and decisions within the context of a deeply entrenched patriarchal system that limited their choices. This work examines two diverging paths of women’s agency during this period: to rescue from genocide or to perpetrate genocide. It seeks to answer three questions: First, how were certain Rwandan women mobilized to participate in genocide, and by whom? Second, what were the specific actions of women during this period of violence and upheaval? Finally, what were the trajectories of women rescuers and perpetrators after the genocide? Comparing and contrasting how women rescuers and perpetrators were mobilized, the actions they undertook, and their post-genocide trajectories, and concluding with a broader discussion of the long-term impact of ignoring these women, this book develops a more nuanced and holistic view of women’s agency and the genocide in Rwanda. This book will be of much interest to students of gender studies, genocide studies, African politics and critical security studies.

Speaking Rights To Power

Author: Alison Brysk
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359261
Size: 33.94 MB
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How can "Speaking Rights to Power" construct political will to respond to human rights abuse worldwide? Examining dozens of cases of human rights campaigns and using an innovative analysis of the politics of persuasion, this book shows how communication politics build recognition, solidarity, and social change. Building on twenty years of research on five continents, this comprehensive study ranges from Aung San Suu Kyi to Anna Hazare, from Congo to Colombia, and from the Arab Spring to Pussy Riot. Speaking Rights to Power addresses cutting edge debates on human rights and the ethic of care, cosmopolitanism, charismatic leadership, communicative action and political theater, and the role of social media. It draws on constructivist literature from social movement and international relations theory, and analyzes human rights as a form of global social imagination. Combining a normative contribution with judicious critique, this book shows how human rights rhetoric matters-and how to make it matter more.

Political Psychology

Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135646619
Size: 39.48 MB
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With a list of contributors that reads like a "Who's Who" of political psychology, this comprehensive volume introduces the major concepts, debates, and themes in the field and provides an overview of its intellectual development, its disparate parts, the major controversies and some suggestions for the future direction of the field.

Grenzf Lle

Author: Ina Boesch
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 10.86 MB
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Die Figur des Fluchthelfers weckt Vorstellungen von Abenteuer, Widerstand und Freiheitskampf. Nicht jederzeit und überall galten sie jedoch als Heroen. Je nach Perspektive und politisch-historischem Kontext werden sie zu Kriminellen oder Heldinnen gemacht. Anhand von fünf exemplarischen Lebensgeschichten geht Ina Boesch dem Bedeutungswandel von Fluchthilfe und Fluchthelfern in den letzten siebzig Jahren nach, von den 1930er-Jahren bis heute. Die Autorin fragt nach den Beweggründen, die nicht kommerziell orientierte Fluchthelferinnen und Fluchthelfer zu ihren riskanten illegalen Aktionen verleiten, und nach der Zivilcourage. Indem sie die Figur des Fluchthelfers aktuell wie historisch betrachtet und den Blick auf ganz Europa wagt, weitet sie die gegenwärtige Diskussion um das hochaktuelle Thema Migration aus. Sie hat ausführliche Gespräche geführt sowie die Schauplätze in Tschechien, Deutschland, der Schweiz und Spanien besucht und verbindet Menschen und Orte auf eine überraschende Weise. Ina Boesch, geboren 1955. Historikerin, Ethnologin und Journalistin. Sie arbeitete viele Jahre als Kulturredaktorin bei Schweizer Radio DRS2 und als Dozentin. Zahlreiche Publikationen, unter anderem die Biografie von Margaretha Hardegger, "Gegenleben"

A Darkling Plain

Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316148009
Size: 40.17 MB
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How do people maintain their humanity during wars? Despite its importance, this question receives scant scholarly attention, perhaps because war is overwhelming. The generally accepted belief is that wars bring out the worst in us, pitting one against another. 'War is hell', William Tecumseh Sherman famously noted, and even 'just' wars are massively destructive and inhumane. Since ethics is concerned with discovering what takes us to a morally superior place, one conducive to betterment and happiness - studying what helps people survive wartime trauma thus becomes an extremely valuable enterprise. A Darkling Plain fills an important scholarly void, analyzing wartime stories that reveal much about our capacity to process trauma, heal wounds, reclaim lost spirits, and derive meaning and purpose from the most horrific of personal events.