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The Hanging Tree

Author: V. A. C. Gatrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780192853325
Size: 10.90 MB
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Hanging people for petty crimes as well as grave, the Bloody Penal Code was at its most active between 1770 and 1830. Some 7,000 men and women were executed on public scaffolds, watched by crowds of thousands. This acclaimed study is the first to explore what a wide range of people felt about these ceremonies. Gatrell draws on letters, diaries, ballads, broadsides, and images, as well as on poignant appeals for mercy which, until now, have been largely neglected by historians. Panoramic in range, scholarly in method, and compelling in style and in argument, this is one of those rare histories which both shift our sense of the past and speak powerfully to the present.

Qualities Of Mercy

Author: Carolyn Strange
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774805858
Size: 22.48 MB
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Qualities of Mercy deals with the history of mercy, the remittance of punishments in the criminal law. The writers probe the discretionary use of power and inquire how it has been exercised to spare convicted criminals from the full might of the law. Drawing on the history of England, Canada, and Australia in periods when both capital and corporal punishment were still practised, they show that contrary to common assumptions the past was not a time of unmitigated terror and they ask what inspired restraint in punishment. They conclude that the ability to decide who lived and died -- through the exercise or denial of mercy -- reinforced the power structure.

Public Executions

Author: Christopher S. Kudlac
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275993078
Size: 57.81 MB
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Examines the most "celebrated" death penalties in recent years, the reasons they captured the spotlight, and the influence the attention has had on the death penalty debate.

Harnessing The Power Of The Criminal Corpse

Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319779087
Size: 11.99 MB
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This open access book is the culmination of many years of research on what happened to the bodies of executed criminals in the past. Focusing on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it looks at the consequences of the 1752 Murder Act. These criminal bodies had a crucial role in the history of medicine, and the history of crime, and great symbolic resonance in literature and popular culture. Starting with a consideration of the criminal corpse in the medieval and early modern periods, chapters go on to review the histories of criminal justice, of medical history and of gibbeting under the Murder Act, and ends with some discussion of the afterlives of the corpse, in literature, folklore and in contemporary medical ethics. Using sophisticated insights from cultural history, archaeology, literature, philosophy and ethics as well as medical and crime history, this book is a uniquely interdisciplinary take on a fascinating historical phenomenon.

City Of Laughter

Author: Vic Gatrell
Publisher: Walker & Company
ISBN:
Size: 51.98 MB
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Drawing upon the satirical prints of the eighteenth century, the author explores what made Londoners laugh and offers insight into the origins of modern attitudes toward sex, celebrity, and ridicule.

The Practice Of Execution In Canada

Author: Ken Leyton-Brown
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774859326
Size: 37.21 MB
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It is easy to forget that the death penalty was an accepted aspect of Canadian culture and criminal justice until 1976. The Practice of Execution in Canada is not about what led some to the gallows and others to escape it. Rather, it examines how the routine rituals and practices of execution can be seen as a crucial social institution. Drawing on hundreds of case files, Ken Leyton-Brown shows that from trial to interment, the practice of execution was constrained by law and tradition. Despite this, however, the institution was not rigid. Criticism and reform pushed executions out of the public eye, and in so doing, stripped them of meaningful ritual and made them more vulnerable to criticism.

Victorians Against The Gallows

Author: James Gregory
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730886
Size: 15.61 MB
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By the time that Queen Victoria ascended the throne in 1837, the list of crimes liable to attract the death penalty had effectively been reduced to murder. Yet, despite this, the gallows remained a source of controversy in Victorian Britain and there was a growing unease in liberal quarters surrounding the question of capital punishment. In this book, James Gregory examines organised efforts to abolish capital punishment in Britain and the Empire in the Victorian era, focusing particularly on the activities of the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. The amelioration of the notoriously ‘Bloody Code’ of the British state may have limited capital punishment effectively to a small number of murderers after 1840 but, despite this, capital punishment was a matter of perennial debate, from the local arena of school debating societies to the ‘imperial Parliament’, and a topic to trouble the minds of thoughtful Victorians across the British world. Drawing on a wide range of sources, from pamphlets by abolitionists or their opponents to gallows broadsides, official inquiries, provincial newspapers, novels and short stories, Gregory studies a movement acknowledged by contemporaries to be agitating one of the ‘questions of the day’ - challenging as it did contemporary theology, state infliction of violence, and prevalent ideas about punishment. He explores important aspects such as: capital punishment debates in the ‘Lex Britannica’ of British colonies and dominions, the role of women abolitionists and the class and gendered inflexions to the ‘gallows question’, the representation of the problem of capital punishment in Victorian fiction, and the relationship between abolitionists and the Home Office which exercised the royal prerogative of mercy. While the abolitionism of Nonconformist reformers such as the Quakers and Unitarians is familiar, Gregory introduces the reader to the abolitionist debates in Jewish, secularist and spiritualist circles, and explores themes such as the imagined role of the Queen as ‘fount of mercy’ and the disturbing figure of the hangman. Studying the provincial, national and international aspects to the movement, Victorians Against the Gallows offers an important contribution to our understanding of Victorian reform activities, and Victorian culture.

Trostschriften

Author: Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843072124
Size: 78.17 MB
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Lucius Annaeus Seneca: Trostschriften Trostschrift an Marcia: Entstanden etwa zwischen 37 und 41 n. Chr. Erstdruck in: Opera, herausgegeben von M. Moravus, 1. Band, Neapel 1475. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch M. Herr unter dem Titel »Ein Trostbüchlin zu der Martia« in: Sittliche Zuchtbücher, Straßburg 1536. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Albert Forbiger von 1867. Trostschrift an seine Mutter Helvia: Entstanden 41 n. Chr. Erstdruck in: Opera, herausgegeben von M. Moravus, 1. Band, Neapel 1475. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch M. Herr unter dem Titel »Ein Trostbuch zu seiner Mutter Albina« in: Sittliche Zuchtbücher, Straßburg 1536. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Albert Forbiger von 1867. Trostschrift an Polybius: Entstanden wahrscheinlich 43 n. Chr. Erstdruck in: Opera, herausgegeben von M. Moravus, 1. Band, Neapel 1475. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch M. Herr unter dem Titel »Ein Trostbüchlin zum Polybio« in: Sittliche Zuchtbücher, Straßburg 1536. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Albert Forbiger von 1867. Da der Text nur fragmentarisch überliefert ist, wurde er in einigen Handschriften Senecas Traktat »Vom glückselige Leben« als Kapitel 20 ff. angehängt. Darauf bezieht sich die in Klammern gesetzte zweite Zählung in römischen Zahlen. Vom glückseligen Leben: Entstanden etwa 58/59 n. Chr. Erstdruck in: Opera, herausgegeben von M. Moravus, 1. Band, Neapel 1475. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch M. Herr unter dem Titel »Von dem seligen Leben« in: Sittliche Zuchtbücher, Straßburg 1536. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Albert Forbiger von 1867. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2014. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Seneca: Ausgewählte Schriften. Übersetzt und erläutert von Albert Forbiger, Stuttgart: Hoffmann, 1867. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Alfred Stevens, In Memoriam, 1858. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

The First Bohemians

Author: Vic Gatrell
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0718195825
Size: 17.24 MB
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The colourful, salacious and sumptuously illustrated story of Covent Garden - the creative heart of Georgian London - from Wolfson Prize-winning author Vic Gatrell SHORT-LISTED FOR THE HESSELL TILTMAN PRIZE 2014 In the teeming, disordered, and sexually charged square half-mile centred on London's Covent Garden something extraordinary evolved in the 18th century. It was the world's first creative 'Bohemia'. The nation's most significant artists, actors, poets, novelists, and dramatists lived here. From Soho and Leicester Square across Covent Garden's Piazza to Drury Lane, and down from Long Acre to the Strand, they rubbed shoulders with rakes, prostitutes, market people, craftsmen, and shopkeepers. It was an often brutal world full of criminality, poverty and feuds, but also of high spirits, and was as culturally creative as any other in history. Virtually everything that we associate with Georgian culture was produced here. Vic Gatrell's spectacular new book recreates this time and place by drawing on a vast range of sources, showing the deepening fascination with 'real life' that resulted in the work of artists like Hogarth, Blake, and Rowlandson, or in great literary works like The Beggar's Opera and Moll Flanders. The First Bohemians is illustrated by over two hundred extraordinary pictures, many rarely seen, for Gatrell celebrates above all one of the most fertile eras in Britain's artistic history. He writes about Joshua Reynolds and J. M. W. Turner as well as the forgotten figures who contributed to what was a true golden age: the men and women who briefly dazzled their contemporaries before being destroyed - or made - by this magical but also ferocious world. About the author: Vic Gatrell's last book, City of Laughter, won both the Wolfson Prize for History and the PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize; his The Hanging Tree won the Whitfield Prize of the Royal Historical Society. He is a Life Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge.