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The Haze Problem In Southeast Asia

Author: Helena Varkkey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317511115
Size: 65.17 MB
Format: PDF
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Despite the efforts of Southeast Asian governments and of ASEAN, transboundary haze continues to be a major environmental problem in Southeast Asia. This book demonstrates that the issue is complex, and explains why efforts to solve the problem in purely political terms are ineffective, and likely to continue to be ineffective. The book shows how state-led, state-incentivised agribusiness development lies at the heart of the problem, leading to a large rise in palm oil production, with extensive clearing of forests, leading to deliberate or accidental fires and the resulting haze. Moreover, although the forest clearing is occurring in Indonesia, many of the companies involved are Malaysian and Singaporean; and, further, many of these companies have close relationships with the politicians and officials responsible for addressing the problem and who thereby have a conflict of interest. The author concludes by discussing the huge difficulties involved in overturning this system of 'patronage politics'.

Pollution Across Borders Transboundary Fire Smoke And Haze In Southeast Asia

Author: Tan Tsiat Siong
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813203935
Size: 12.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is a collection of insights from experts of various fields, and will entail discussions of the recurring haze problem in Southeast Asia. It discusses multiple aspects of the haze problem. What is the cause of the haze? Who are the perpetrators and victims? What are the impacts and costs of the haze? Why has the haze problem persisted for decades? Are there prospects of resolving the pollution? How should we analyze the issue? Which solutions are more or less effective than others? How can we involve the stakeholders? The book provides a wide range of views on the haze problem. Written in a simple and accessible manner, this book allows the readers to easily access across different fields and develop a deeper understanding of the haze. Contents: Preface and Introduction: Transboundary Haze in Southeast Asia: Dealing with Elusive Regional Solutions and Implications on ASEAN Community (Mely Caballero-Anthony) Why the Southeast Asian Haze Problem Is Difficult to Solve (Parkash Chander) Transboundary Haze: The Investor Dimension Perspective from Malaysia (Evelyn S Devadason) The Role of the Polluter-Pays Principle in Managing the Haze in Southeast Asia (Preston Devasia) Indonesia's Uphill Battle against Dangerous Land Clearance (Jackson Ewing) Seeing the Big Picture through the Haze (Min Geh, Agus Budi Utomo and Sultana Bashir) Innovation and Transboundary Haze (Alwi Hafiz) A New Thinking to Cooperation in Tackling the Indonesian Haze? (Kheng Lian Koh) The Palm Oil Industry and Southeast Asia's Haze: Outline for a Class Discussion (Linda Y C Lim) Indonesia's Fires in the 21st Century: Causes, Culprits, Impacts, Perceptions, and Solutions (Erik Meijaard) An Attempt at a Stakeholder Analysis (Joergen Oerstroem Moeller) The Gross Underestimation of the Costs of Haze (Ng Yew-Kwang) How Singapore Can Help Stop Haze: The Palm Oil Factor (P M Haze) Partnerships and Long-Term Solutions Will Be Critical (Jose Raymond) The Indonesian Transboundary Haze Game: Countering Free-Riding and Local Capture (Ridwan D Rusli) The Southeast Asian Haze: Dealing with an Outcome of Global Climate Cycles and Change (Victor R Savage) Can Responsible Corporate Behavior Clean up the Haze? (Asif Iqbal Siddiqui) All the World's a Game: And All the Men and Women Merely Players. Or Not. (Christabelle Soh) Singapore's New Transboundary Haze Pollution Act: Can It Really Work to Prevent Smoke Pollution from Indonesia? (Alan Khee-Jin Tan) The 2015 Game Changer (Audrey Tan) Battling the Haze of Cross-Boundary (Mis)Governance in Transboundary Air Pollution: A Perspective from Singapore (Eugene K B Tan) Recent Forest Fires and the Effect of Indonesian Haze in the Philippines (Maria Luisa G Valera) Singapore's Transboundary Pollution Act 2014: Prospects and Challenges (Helena Varkkey) Editor's Contributions: Tackling Haze with Cost Sharing (Parkash Chander and Euston Quah) Pollution Controls as Infrastructure Investment (Euston Quah and Joergen Oerstroem Moeller) What Can Singapore Do about the Haze? (Euston Quah and Tan Tsiat Siong) What Can Indonesia Do about the Haze? (Euston Quah and Tan Tsiat Siong) Facts and Figures (Euston Quah and Tan Tsiat Siong) Readership: Graduates and researchers interested in environmental aspects, transboundary haze, and general public interested in knowing more about haze. Keywords: Transboundary Pollutio

Agriculture In Johor

Author: Geoffrey Kevin Pakiam
Publisher: ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute
ISBN: 981481881X
Size: 55.42 MB
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Despite decades of industrialization, Johor remains an agricultural powerhouse. The state is Peninsular Malaysia’s largest contributor to agricultural gross domestic product, and its official agricultural productivity is Malaysia’s third highest. Johor’s agricultural strengths lie primarily in product specialization, namely the farming of oil palms, various fruits and vegetables, poultry, pigs, cut flowers, and ornamental fish. Johor’s production clusters have taken decades, if not centuries, to build up their regional dominance. Urbanization, often blamed for diminishing agriculture’s importance, has actually helped drive Johor’s farm growth, even until the present day. Johor’s agricultural sector will persist for at least another decade, but may become even more specialized.

The Oil Palm Complex

Author: Rob Cramb
Publisher: NUS Press
ISBN: 9814722065
Size: 30.50 MB
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The oil palm industry has transformed rural livelihoods and landscapes across wide swathes of Indonesia and Malaysia, generating wealth along with economic, social, and environmental controversy. Who benefits and who loses from oil palm development? Can oil palm development provide a basis for inclusive and sustainable rural development? Based on detailed studies of specific communities and plantations and an analysis of the regional political economy of oil palm, this book unpicks the dominant policy narratives, business strategies, models of land acquisition, and labour-processes. It presents the oil palm industry in Malaysia and Indonesia as a complex system in which land, labour and capital are closely interconnected. Understanding this complex is a prerequisite to developing better strategies to harness the oil palm boom for a more equitable and sustainable pattern of rural development.

Regionalism And Globalization In East Asia

Author: Mark Beeson
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137332379
Size: 60.41 MB
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This book examines the distinctive evolution of the political and economic relationships of East Asia. It does this by placing East Asian development in the unique historical circumstances that have underpinned its rise to power over the last few decades. This detailed analysis provides the basis for an assessment of a unified East Asian region.

Cosmopolitan Asia

Author: Sharmani Patricia Gabriel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317372158
Size: 31.26 MB
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One key concept in the large body of scholarship concerned with theorizing social relations is the idea of 'cosmopolitanism'. This book unpacks the idea of cosmopolitanism through the linked knowledges of the Global South. It brings into dialogue an inter-disciplinary team of local and transnational scholars who examine various temporal, cultural, spatial and political contexts in countries as different, yet connected, as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, India, Bangladesh, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. The book also considers a wide range of subjects – present and historical, real, as represented in literature and in theatre, and as theorized in philosophy – across these diverse contexts, but always focusing on regions and places where inter-Asian intermingling has taken place. The conclusions arrived at are varied and considerably enrich social theorizing. The book reveals a cosmopolitanism that is much more specifically Asian than the cosmopolitanism usually associated with the West, demonstrates how concepts of 'nation', 'local' and 'globalization' play out in practice in Asian settings, and re-examines concepts such as migration, diaspora, and the construction of identities. The book has much to offer scholars engaged in history, literary studies, anthropology and cultural studies.

Musical Worlds In Yogyakarta

Author: Max Richter
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004253491
Size: 60.93 MB
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Musical Worlds in Yogyakarta addresses themes of social identity and power, counterpoising Pierre Bourdieu’s theories on class, gender and nation with the author’s alternative perspectives of inter-group social capital, physicality and grounded cosmopolitanism. The author argues that Yogyakarta is exemplary of how everyday people make use of music to negotiate issues of power and at the same time promote peace and intergroup appreciation in culturallydiverse inner-city settings.

Forests And Human Health

Author: Carol J. Pierce Colfer
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN: 9792446486
Size: 15.44 MB
Format: PDF
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This study has two central concerns: the state of human health in forests, and the causal links between forests and human health. Within this framework, we consider four issues related to tropical forests and human health. First, we discuss forest foods, emphasizing the forest as a food-producing habitat, human dependence on forest foods, the nutritional contributions of such foods, and nutrition-related problems that affect forest peoples. Our second topic is disease and other health problems. In addition to the major problems—HIV/AIDS, malaria, Ebola and mercury poisoning—we address some 20 other tropical diseases and health problems related to forests. The third topic is medicinal products. We review the biophysical properties of medicinal species and consider related indigenous knowledge, human uses of medicinal forest products, the serious threats to forest sustainability, and the roles of traditional healers, with a discussion of the benefits of forest medicines and conflicts over their distribution. Our fourth and final topic is the cultural interpretations of human health found among forest peoples, including holistic world views that impinge on health and indigenous knowledge. The Occasional Paper concludes with some observations about the current state of our knowledge, its utility and shortcomings, and our suggestions for future research.

Encyclopedia Of The Developing World

Author: Thomas M. Leonard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135205159
Size: 24.36 MB
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A RUSA 2007 Outstanding Reference Title The Encyclopedia of the Developing World is a comprehensive work on the historical and current status of developing countries. Containing more than 750 entries, the Encyclopedia encompasses primarily the years since 1945 and defines development broadly, addressing not only economics but also civil society and social progress. Entries cover the most important theories and measurements of development; relate historical events, movements, and concepts to development both internationally and regionally where applicable; examine the contributions of the most important persons and organizations; and detail the progress made within geographic regions and by individual countries.