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The Heritage Of Thales

Author: W.S. Anglin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461208033
Size: 43.12 MB
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The authors' novel approach to some interesting mathematical concepts - not normally taught in other courses - places them in a historical and philosophical setting. Although primarily intended for mathematics undergraduates, the book will also appeal to students in the sciences, humanities and education with a strong interest in this subject. The first part proceeds from about 1800 BC to 1800 AD, discussing, for example, the Renaissance method for solving cubic and quartic equations and providing rigorous elementary proof that certain geometrical problems posed by the ancient Greeks cannot be solved by ruler and compass alone. The second part presents some fundamental topics of interest from the past two centuries, including proof of G del's incompleteness theorem, together with a discussion of its implications.

Mathematics A Concise History And Philosophy

Author: W.S. Anglin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461208750
Size: 46.61 MB
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This is a concise introductory textbook for a one-semester (40-class) course in the history and philosophy of mathematics. It is written for mathemat ics majors, philosophy students, history of science students, and (future) secondary school mathematics teachers. The only prerequisite is a solid command of precalculus mathematics. On the one hand, this book is designed to help mathematics majors ac quire a philosophical and cultural understanding of their subject by means of doing actual mathematical problems from different eras. On the other hand, it is designed to help philosophy, history, and education students come to a deeper understanding of the mathematical side of culture by means of writing short essays. The way I myself teach the material, stu dents are given a choice between mathematical assignments, and more his torical or philosophical assignments. (Some sample assignments and tests are found in an appendix to this book. ) This book differs from standard textbooks in several ways. First, it is shorter, and thus more accessible to students who have trouble coping with vast amounts of reading. Second, there are many detailed explanations of the important mathematical procedures actually used by famous mathe maticians, giving more mathematically talented students a greater oppor tunity to learn the history and philosophy by way of problem solving.

Analysis By Its History

Author: Ernst Hairer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387770313
Size: 50.48 MB
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This book presents first-year calculus roughly in the order in which it was first discovered. The first two chapters show how the ancient calculations of practical problems led to infinite series, differential and integral calculus and to differential equations. The establishment of mathematical rigour for these subjects in the 19th century for one and several variables is treated in chapters III and IV. Many quotations are included to give the flavor of the history. The text is complemented by a large number of examples, calculations and mathematical pictures and will provide stimulating and enjoyable reading for students, teachers, as well as researchers.

5000 Jahre Geometrie

Author: Christoph J. Scriba
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662045001
Size: 51.80 MB
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Lange bevor die Schrift entwickelt wurde, hat der Mensch geometrische Strukturen wahrgenommen und systematisch verwendet: ob beim Weben oder Flechten einfacher zweidimensionaler Muster oder beim Bauen mit dreidimensionalen Körpern. Das Buch liefert einen faszinierenden Überblick über die geometrischen Vorstellungen und Erkenntnisse der Menschheit von der Urgesellschaft bis hin zu den mathematischen und künstlerischen Ideen des 20. Jahrhunderts.

Undergraduate Algebra

Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475768982
Size: 15.56 MB
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The companion title, Linear Algebra, has sold over 8,000 copies The writing style is very accessible The material can be covered easily in a one-year or one-term course Includes Noah Snyder's proof of the Mason-Stothers polynomial abc theorem New material included on product structure for matrices including descriptions of the conjugation representation of the diagonal group

Calculus Of Several Variables

Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461210682
Size: 38.60 MB
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This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

Computing The Continuous Discretely

Author: Matthias Beck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387461124
Size: 16.24 MB
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This textbook illuminates the field of discrete mathematics with examples, theory, and applications of the discrete volume of a polytope. The authors have weaved a unifying thread through basic yet deep ideas in discrete geometry, combinatorics, and number theory. We encounter here a friendly invitation to the field of "counting integer points in polytopes", and its various connections to elementary finite Fourier analysis, generating functions, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, solid angles, magic squares, Dedekind sums, computational geometry, and more. With 250 exercises and open problems, the reader feels like an active participant.

Funktionentheorie

Author: Reinhold Remmert
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783540553847
Size: 16.54 MB
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Diese dritte Auflage wurde zusammen mit dem zweitgenannten Autor kritisch durchgesehen, ergnzt und verbessert. Ein weiteres Kapitel ber geometrische Funktionentheorie und schlichte Funktionen enthlt einen Beweis der Bieberbachschen Vermutung. Der ... vorliegende zweite Band der Funktionentheorie erfllt voll die Erwartungen, die der erste Band geweckt hat. Wieder beeindrucken vor allem die hochinteressanten historischen Bemerkungen zu den einzelnen Themenkreisen, als besonderer Leckerbissen wird das Gutachten von Gau ber Riemanns Dissertation vorgestellt... Jedes einzelne Kapitel enthlt ausfhrliche Literaturangaben. Ferner werden oft sehr aufschlussreiche Hinweise auf die Funktionentheorie mehrerer Vernderlicher gegeben. Die vielen Beispiele und bungsaufgaben bilden eine wertvolle Ergnzung der brillant dargelegten Theorie. Der Rezensent bedauert, dass ihm nicht schon als Student ein derartig umfassendes, qualitativ hochstehendes Lehrbuch zur Verfgung stand." Monatshefte fr Mathematik