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The History Of The Social Sciences Since 1945

Author: Philippe Fontaine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521889065
Size: 54.32 MB
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The book covers the main developments in the social sciences after World War Two. Chapters on economics, human geography, political science, psychology, social anthropology, and sociology will interest anyone wanting short, accessible histories of those disciplines; they will also make it easy for readers to compare disciplines. A final chapter offers a blueprint for writing the history of the social sciences as a whole, drawing attention to the role of interdisciplinary work and to the importance of factors from the Second World War to the sixties and the fall of communism.

A Historiography Of The Modern Social Sciences

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316094421
Size: 22.29 MB
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A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences includes essays on the ways in which the histories of psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, history and political science have been written since the Second World War. Bringing together chapters written by the leading historians of each discipline, the book establishes significant parallels and contrasts and makes the case for a comparative interdisciplinary historiography. This comparative approach helps explain historiographical developments on the basis of factors specific to individual disciplines and the social, political, and intellectual developments that go beyond individual disciplines. All historians, including historians of the different social sciences, encounter literatures with which they are not familiar. This book will provide a broader understanding of the different ways in which the history of the social sciences, and by extension intellectual history, is written.

The Unsocial Social Science

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780822367390
Size: 47.97 MB
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This volume examines interactions between economics and other disciplines in the social sciences, including sociology, psychology, and political science, during the post-war period, when economics And The other social sciences emerged as discrete disciplines. Historians of eco¬nomics who have examined the period have paid insufficient attention To The other social sciences, looking instead To The natural sciences.The Unsocial Social Science?aims to widen the conversation about the history of economics both substantively and historiographically. Reflecting on economic affairs since 1945, contributors explore a mul¬titude of issues, including poverty in the United States during the Cold War, "economic sovietology," And The connection between economics And The behavioural science movement in the mid-century United States. Roger E. Backhouse is Professor of the History and Philosophy of Economics at the University of Birmingham and at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Philippe Fontaine is Professor of Economics at the École nor¬male supérieure de Cachan and a Senior Fellow of the Institut universitaire de France.

The Puzzle Of Modern Economics

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139491334
Size: 55.75 MB
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Does economics hold the key to everything or does the recent financial crisis show that it has failed? This book provides an assessment of modern economics that cuts through the confusion and controversy on this question. Case studies of the creation of new markets, the Russian transition to capitalism, globalization, and money and finance establish that economics has been very successful where problems have been well defined and where the world can be changed to fit the theory, but that it has been less successful in tackling bigger problems. The book then offers a historical perspective on how economists have, since the Second World War, tried to make their subject scientific. It explores the evolving relationship between science and ideology and investigates the place of heterodoxy and dissent within the discipline.

Modernism And The Social Sciences

Author: Mark Bevir
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107173965
Size: 68.68 MB
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This wide-ranging and original study reveals how prevalent modernism has become in the social sciences. With contributions from a number of leading international scholars, Modernism and the Social Sciences explores the rise and nature of modernist tropes and approaches within social sciences such as economics, econometrics, behaviourism, sociology, administrative science, linguistics, history and anthropology. The essays demonstrate how the social sciences turned away from the developmental historicisms of the nineteenth century. Instead, social scientists have become increasingly committed to synchronic and formal explanations that rely on models, correlations and ideal types, and they have increasingly appealed to systems and functions and to institutions and norms. This book will reveal wider trends and parallels to specialists in particular disciplines and it will also appeal to those interested in intellectual history and social science theory. This volume is a companion to Historicism and the Human Sciences in Britain, a product of the Mellon project on Britain's Modernity, published by Cambridge in 2017.

Shaky Foundations

Author: Mark Solovey
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813554667
Size: 53.50 MB
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Numerous popular and scholarly accounts have exposed the deep impact of patrons on the production of scientific knowledge and its applications. Shaky Foundations provides the first extensive examination of a new patronage system for the social sciences that emerged in the early Cold War years and took more definite shape during the 1950s and early 1960s, a period of enormous expansion in American social science. By focusing on the military, the Ford Foundation, and the National Science Foundation, Mark Solovey shows how this patronage system presented social scientists and other interested parties, including natural scientists and politicians, with new opportunities to work out the scientific identity, social implications, and public policy uses of academic social research. Solovey also examines significant criticisms of the new patronage system, which contributed to widespread efforts to rethink and reshape the politics-patronage-social science nexus starting in the mid-1960s. Based on extensive archival research, Shaky Foundations addresses fundamental questions about the intellectual foundations of the social sciences, their relationships with the natural sciences and the humanities, and the political and ideological import of academic social inquiry.

A History Of The University In Europe Volume 4 Universities Since 1945

Author: Walter Rüegg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494252
Size: 32.84 MB
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This is the final volume in a four-part series covering the development of the university in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the present day, focusing on a number of major themes viewed from a European perspective. The originality of the series lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and transnational nature. It deals also with the content of what was taught at the universities, but its main purpose is an appreciation of the role and structures of the universities as seen against a backdrop of changing conditions, ideas and values. This volume deals with the reconstruction and epoch-making expansion of higher education after 1945, which led to the triumph of modern science. It traces the development of the relationship between universities and national states, teachers and students, their ambitions and political activities. Special attention is paid to fundamental changes in the content of teaching at the universities.

Interpretation And Method

Author: Dvora Yanow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317467361
Size: 33.26 MB
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Exceptionally clear and well-written chapters provide engaging discussions of the methods of accessing, generating, and analyzing social science data, using methods ranging from reflexive historical analysis to critical ethnography. Reflecting on their own research experiences, the contributors offer an inside, applied perspective on how research topics, evidence, and methods intertwine to produce knowledge in the social sciences.

Open The Social Sciences

Author: Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804727273
Size: 53.55 MB
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A distinguished international group of scholars traces the history of the social sciences, describes the recent debates surrounding them, and discusses in what ways they can be intelligently restructured in light of this history and the debates.