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The Honest Broker

Author: Roger A. Pielke, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464825
Size: 63.58 MB
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Scientists have a choice concerning what role they should play in political debates and policy formation, particularly in terms of how they present their research. This book is about understanding this choice, what considerations are important to think about when deciding, and the consequences of such choices for the individual scientist and the broader scientific enterprise. Rather than prescribing what course of action each scientist ought to take, the book aims to identify a range of options for individual scientists to consider in making their own judgments about how they would like to position themselves in relation to policy and politics. Using examples from a range of scientific controversies and thought-provoking analogies from other walks of life, The Honest Broker challenges us all - scientists, politicians and citizens - to think carefully about how best science can contribute to policy-making and a healthy democracy.

Virtue And Responsibility In Policy Research And Advice

Author: Berry Tholen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319652532
Size: 40.64 MB
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This book argues that ethical judgment by individual scientific policy advisors is more important than is often acknowledged. While many scientific policy advisors routinely present themselves as neutral or value free scientists, here is demonstrated that the ideal of scientific integrity as neutrality is misguided and that an alternative understanding is demanded. The book provides an overview of the type of social and political value decisions that have to be made in all phases of research and advice. It moves on to examine proposed procedures or guidelines for scientists and critically assesses plans for the democratization of decision making in science and scientific advice. The book offers a reflection on the practice of scientific advice that will appeal to practitioners and scholars of Public Administration, Public Management and Policy Analysis.

Biodiversit T Und Gesellschaft Biodiversity And Society Gesellschaftliche Dimensionen Von Schutz Und Nutzung Biologischer Vielfalt

Author: Friedrich, Jan
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
ISBN: 3863950909
Size: 21.57 MB
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Die Tagung „Biodiversität und Gesellschaft“ diskutierte Themen der Biodiversitätsforschung aus gesellschafts- und geisteswissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Die Einbeziehung dieser Perspektiven in die bisher vor allem naturwissenschaftlich geprägte Forschung ist für die Definitionen von Schutzzielen und Bewertungsmaßstäben sowie für die Entwicklung von Instrumenten für den Schutz und die Nutzung der Biodiversität notwendig. Da insbesondere die Instrumente stets innerhalb komplexer sozialer, ökonomischer und rechtlicher Zusammenhänge eingesetzt werden, müssen diese als gesellschaftliche Rahmenbedingungen berücksichtigt werden. Dazu leistet dieser Tagungsband einen Beitrag, indem er Erkenntnisse verschiedener Disziplinen aufzeigt, die eine fundierte und nachhaltige Auseinandersetzung mit dem Verhältnis des Menschen zur und den Auswirkungen menschlichen Verhaltens auf die Biodiversität eröffnen. The conference “Biodiversity and Society” discussed topics of biodiversity research from the perspective of social sciences and humanities. The inclusion of these perspectives in the until now scientifically orientated biodiversity research is necessary for the definition of conservation goals and value standards, as well as for the development of instruments for the preservation and use of biodiversity. Since the instruments in particular are applied in complex social, economic and legal contexts, these societal conditions should be considered. This proceedings volume presents findings of multiple disciplines and thereby contributes to an integral and fruitful analysis of the human relation to and influence on biodiversity.

Extremereignisse Und Klima Nderung

ISBN: 9783907630235
Size: 47.70 MB
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Enthält U.A. folgende Beiträge: - Beobachtete Klimaänderung und Entwicklung des Klimas in der Zukunft / Extremereignisse in der Schweiz / ein Blick auf die letzten 500 Jahre.

Joint Fact Finding In Urban Planning And Environmental Disputes

Author: Masahiro Matsuura
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317311264
Size: 43.83 MB
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The days of rationalist scientific management and deference to official data are behind us. The credibility of experts and the information they provide are regularly challenged; officials are routinely provided with conflicting sets of facts as they plan and make decisions; and decision makers and stakeholders alike are largely skeptical that technical information will adequately account for the various interests and concerns and lead to the right outcomes. They struggle to reconcile technical information with other forms of knowledge, and differing interests, priorities and perspectives. Issues like climate change are complicating matters even further, as scientists and technicians must increasingly acknowledge the uncertainty and potential fallibility of their findings, and highlight the dynamic nature of the systems they are explaining. This book examines how groups looking to plan and make decisions in any number of areas can wade through the imperfect and often contradictory information they have to make fair, efficient, wise and well-informed choices. It introduces an emerging and very promising approach called joint fact-finding (JFF). Rather than each stakeholder group marshaling the set of facts that best advance their respective interests and perspectives while discrediting the contradictory facts others provide, groups are challenged to collaboratively generate shared sets of facts that all parties accept. This book introduces readers to the theory of JFF, the value it can provide, and how they can adopt this approach in practice. It brings together writings from leading practitioners and scholars from around the world that are at the forefront of the JFF approach to science intensive policymaking, urban planning, and environmental dispute resolution. The first set of chapters outlines the concept of JFF, and situates it within other bodies of theory and practice. The second set of case-based chapters elucidates how JFF is being applied in practice. This book delivers a new perspective to scholars in the field of public policy, urban planning, environmental studies, and science and technology studies, as well as public officials, technical experts, policy consultants, and professional facilitators.

Besteuerung Von Kryptow Hrungen

Author: Walther Pielke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658232560
Size: 24.26 MB
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Dieses essential gibt einen Überblick über die Besteuerung von Kryptowährungen in Deutschland. Schwerpunkt sind die steuerlichen Konsequenzen für Privatanleger und Gewerbetreibende. Nach einem Überblick über die verschiedenen Ausprägungen dieser neuen Währung wird zunächst erläutert, unter welchen Voraussetzungen überhaupt in Deutschland Steuern anfallen. Anschließend werden die wesentlichen Steuerarten behandelt, in denen für Kryptowährungen Steuern anfallen können. Allein bei der Umsatzsteuer ist der Geldcharakter von Kryptowährungen geklärt. Im Ertragssteuerrecht hingegen werden Kryptowährungen als Wirtschaftsgüter behandelt. Ebenso verhält es sich im Gewerbesteuerrecht. Für die Finanzämter besteht eine große Unsicherheit in der steuerlichen Behandlung von Kryptowährungen. Deshalb werden die Besonderheiten für die Steuererklärung behandelt.

Science And Technology Policymaking

Author: Deborah D. Stine
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437920020
Size: 76.51 MB
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Contents: Overview of U.S. Science and Technology Policy; What are Some Perspectives on Science and Technology Policy?; Who Makes Decisions Regarding Science and Technology Policy in Congress?; Who Makes Decisions Regarding Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Branch?; Who Makes Decisions in the Judicial Branch Regarding Science and Technology Policy?; What Organizations Provide Science and Technology Advice to Policymakers?; What Are the Opportunities and Challenges of the Current Science and Technology Policy Decisionmaking Process?. Charts and tables.