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The Human Cerebral Cortex

Author: Michael Petrides
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123869388
Size: 79.15 MB
Format: PDF
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The atlas provides nearly 200 photographs of 3D reconstructions of human brains in a standard series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections. It illustrates in detail and labels 95% of the cortex sulci and gyri, and images are presented in the MNI stereotaxic space. In addition to the standard brain and its sections are numerous examples of brains that exhibit patterns of deviating sulci and gyri. Examples of these variants are presented next to the standard illustration, accompanied by brief commentary aimed at helping users identify these variants and use them in their own work."--pub. desc.

Brain Mapping

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123973163
Size: 42.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Brain Mapping: A Comprehensive Reference offers foundational information for students and researchers across neuroscience. With over 300 articles and a media rich environment, this resource provides exhaustive coverage of the methods and systems involved in brain mapping, fully links the data to disease (presenting side by side maps of healthy and diseased brains for direct comparisons), and offers data sets and fully annotated color images. Each entry is built on a layered approach of the content – basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for experienced readers. Edited and authored by the leading experts in the field, this work offers the most reputable, easily searchable content with cross referencing across articles, a one-stop reference for students, researchers and teaching faculty. Broad overview of neuroimaging concepts with applications across the neurosciences and biomedical research Fully annotated color images and videos for best comprehension of concepts Layered content for readers of different levels of expertise Easily searchable entries for quick access of reputable information Live reference links to ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed

Neuroanatomy Of Language Regions Of The Human Brain

Author: Michael Petrides
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124059317
Size: 34.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas. Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information. Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain. Abundantly illustrated with photographs, 3-D MRI reconstructions, and sections to represent the morphology of the sulci and gyri in the frontal, temporal, and parietal regions involved in language processing Photomicrographs showing the cytoarchitecture of cortical areas involved in language processing Series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections identifying the sulci and gyri to assist language investigators using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques All images accompanied by brief commentaries to help users navigate the complexities of the anatomy Integration of data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity with critical experimental anatomical data on the connectivity of homologous areas in the macaque monkey

Neural Control Of Speech

Author: Frank H. Guenther
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262336995
Size: 80.60 MB
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In this book, Frank Guenther offers a comprehensive, unified account of the neural computations underlying speech production, with an emphasis on speech motor control rather than linguistic content. Guenther focuses on the brain mechanisms responsible for commanding the musculature of the vocal tract to produce articulations that result in an acoustic signal conveying a desired string of syllables. Guenther provides neuroanatomical and neurophysiological descriptions of the primary brain structures involved in speech production, looking particularly at the cerebral cortex and its interactions with the cerebellum and basal ganglia, using basic concepts of control theory (accompanied by nontechnical explanations) to explore the computations performed by these brain regions.Guenther offers a detailed theoretical framework to account for a broad range of both behavioral and neurological data on the production of speech. He discusses such topics as the goals of the neural controller of speech; neural mechanisms involved in producing both short and long utterances; and disorders of the speech system, including apraxia of speech and stuttering. Offering a bridge between the neurological and behavioral literatures on speech production, the book will be a valuable resource for researchers in both fields.

Atlas Of The Morphology Of The Human Cerebral Cortex On The Average Mni Brain

Author: Michael Petrides
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128009321
Size: 63.73 MB
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This cytoarchitectonic atlas of the human cerebral cortex depicts the cellular structure of the human cortex, detailing the arrangement of neuronal cell bodies as well as the relationships between cytoarchitectonic boundaries and anatomical landmarks. Presentation in MNI Stereotaxic Space will enables the atlas to serves as a useful working tool for structural/functional neuroimagers attempting to identify the cytoarchitectonic area within which a functional activation or a structural change has occurred. An introductory section discusses the history and current state of cytoarchitectonic studies, and a separate chapter on methods is also provided. Mapping of the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, insula, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and white matter fascicule follows. Architectonic areas presented on average MNI brain (rather than a single brain), so individual peculiarities of the surface morphology of any given brain are regularized, thus helping the reader to see the essence of the location of an area. Features full-page high quality photomicrographs for each cytoarchitectonic area of the cortex, with supplementary zoom images of particular details. Offers commentary on the relation of sulci and gyri to architectonic areas, which will be useful to those looking to identify the cortical area within which functional or structural changes happened Contains section discussing white matter fasciculi that permit connectivity between the cytoarchitectonic areas Commentary pages on relationship to nonhuman primate cortex (macaque monkey) enables links to be made to the primate species in which most of the experimental anatomical and physiological information has been and continues to be gathered.

Human Brain In Standard Mni Space

Author: Juergen K. Mai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012811276X
Size: 42.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Human Brain in Standard MNI Space: A Comprehensive Pocket Atlas is a thorough pocket atlas designed for easy reference and interpretation of medical and scientific MR-images. It is intended for both early career and advanced medical students, for residents in radiology and neurology, and those involved in neuroscience research, emphasizing anatomy’s relationship to radiology. In addition, the book is ideal for non-specialists interested in issues relating to the brain or the determination of imaging features. Provides gyral/sulcal designations (in the MNI figures), as well as cortical (Brodmann’s areas) delineations (in the diagrams) Contains a three page section with (small) diagrams, providing 3D reconstruction of the MNI brain with definition of the cortex gyri and sulci Includes a section that explains the Brodmann areas, along with a list of abbreviations, structures, and a hierarchical tree of structures

Novel Tools For The Study Of Structural And Functional Networks In The Brain

Author: Luis M. Colon-Perez
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 288945472X
Size: 17.50 MB
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Throughout the history of neuroscience, technological advances are the drivers behind many major advances in our understanding of the nervous system. Investigations of the structure and function of the brain take place on multiple scales, including macroscale at the level of brain regions, mesoscale at the level of neuronal populations, and microscale at the level of single neurons and neuron to neuron interactions. Integration of knowledge over these scales requires novel techniques and interpretations. In this research topic, we highlight nine articles that integrate structural and functional approaches to study brain networks.

Magnetic Resonance Scanning And Epilepsy

Author: Simon D. Shorvon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461525462
Size: 72.44 MB
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It was only in 1980 that the first recognisable magnetic resonance images of the human brain were published, by Moore and Holland from Nottingham University in England. There then followed a number of clinical trials of brain imaging, the most notable from the Hammersmith Hospital in London using a system designed by EMI, the original manufacturers of the first CT machines. A true revolution in medicine has ensued; in only a few years there are thousands of scanning units, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has assumed a central importance in medical investigation. It is an extraordinary fact that within a few years of development, the esoteric physics of nuclear spin, angular momentum, and magnetic vector precession were harnessed to provide exquisite images of living anatomy; modem science has no greater tribute. That indisputable king of neurology and the oldest of recorded conditions, epilepsy, has not been untouched by the new technology; indeed, it is our view that the introduction of MRI of electroencephalography (EEG) in the late has been as important to epilepsy as was that 1930s. Now, for the first time, the structural and aetiological basis of the condition is susceptible to thorough investigation, and MRI can provide structural detail to parallel the functional detail of EEG. MRI has the same potential as had EEG over 50 years ago, to provide a new level of understanding of the basic mechanisms, the clinical features and the treatment of epilepsy.

Atlas Of The Human Brain

Author: Juergen K. Mai
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128028017
Size: 40.28 MB
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The fourth edition of Atlas of the Human Brain presents the anatomy of the brain at macroscopic and microscopic levels, featuring different aspects of brain morphology and topography. This greatly enlarged new edition provides the most detailed and accurate delineations of brain structure available. It includes features which assist in the new fields of neuroscience – functional imaging, resting state imaging and tractography. Atlas of the Human Brain is an essential guide to those working with human brain imaging or attempting to relate their observations on experimental animals to humans. Totally new in this edition is the inclusion of Nissl plates with delineation of cortical areas (Brodmann’s areas), the first time that these areas have been presented in serial histological sections. The contents of the Atlas of the brain in MNI stereotaxic space has been extensively expanded from 143 pages, showing 69 levels through the hemisphere, to 314 pages representing 99 levels. In addition to the fiber-stained (myelin) plates, we now provide fifty new (Nissl) plates covering cytoarchitecture. These are interdigitated within the existing myelin plates of the stereotaxic atlas. All photographic plates now represent the complete hemisphere. All photographs of the cell- and fiber-stained sections have been transformed to fit the MNI-space. Major fiber tracts are identified in the fiber-stained sections. In the Nissl plates cortical delineations (Brodmann’s areas) are provided for the first time. The number of diagrams increased to 99. They were now generated from the 3D reconstruction of the hemisphere registered to the MNI- stereotaxic space. They can be used for immediate comparison between our atlas and experimental and clinical imaging results. Parts of cortical areas are displayed at high magnification on the facing page of full page Nissl sections. Images selected highlight those areas which are thought to correspond with those published by von Economo and Koskinas (1925). A novel way of depicting cortical areal pattern is used: The cortical cytoarchitectonic ribbon is unfolded and presented linearly. This linear representation of the cortex enables the comparison of different interpretations of cortecal areas and allows mapping of activation sites. Low magnification diagrams in the horizontal (axial) and sagittal planes are included, calculated from the 3D model of the atlas brain.

Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring For Deep Brain Stimulation

Author: Erwin B. Montgomery, Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 0199351007
Size: 19.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A thorough understanding of electricity, electronics, biophysics, neurophysiology, and neuroanatomy is important to render more tractable, and otherwise complex, electrophysiologically-based targeting in the brain during operative manipulations. Most importantly, electrophysiological monitoring requires controlling the movement of electrons in electronic circuits in order to prevent irreversible damage. This new textbook presents a fundamental discussion of electrons, the forces moving these electrons, and the electrical circuits controlling these forces. The forces that allow recording and analysis also permeate the environment producing interference, such as noise and artifacts. Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring for Deep Brain Stimulation discusses how to avoid or suppress noise and artifacts for the most successful surgical outcome.