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The Human Factors Of Transport Signs

Author: Candida Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203457412
Size: 67.38 MB
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The ubiquitous nature of transport signs on roadways, railways, and in airports can lead to an overload of visual information, yet little research has been done to understand the design and use of such signs from a driver’s perspective. The Human Factors of Transport Signs explores key transport sign research and examines new technologies that are revolutionizing signaling. While concentrating largely on the road environment and general signing issues, the authors also address specific railway and other transport modality topics. International contributors discuss driver psychology and interaction with transport signs as well as the strengths and weaknesses of different types of signs. This text is designed to be an easily-accessible information source for professionals in transportation design, highway engineering, applied psychology, and human factors, as well as for students preparing to enter these fields. Features: Summarizes the main findings about transport signs into an easily-accessible resource Covers transport signs in the road, rail, and aviation fields Reviews new technology in the field, including Variable Message Signs and Intelligent Transport Systems Discusses the main evidence detailing the interaction of transport signs and driver behavior

Human Factors In Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Woodrow Barfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781104
Size: 67.88 MB
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The Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Program is a cooperative effort by government, private industry, and academia to apply advanced technology to the task of resolving the problems of surface transportation. The objective is to improve travel efficiency and mobility, enhance safety, conserve energy, provide economic benefits, and protect the environment. The current demand for mobility has exceeded the available capacity of the roadway system. Because the highway system cannot be expanded, except in minor ways, the available capacity must be used more efficiently to handle the increased demand. ITS applies advanced information processing, communication, sensing, and computer control technologies to the problems of surface transportation. Considerable research and development efforts will be required to produce these new technologies and to convert technologies developed in the defense and space programs to solve surface transportation problems. ITS has been subdivided into six interlocking technology areas. This book addresses human factors concerns for four of these areas: * Advanced Traveler Information Systems are a variety of systems that provide real time, in-vehicle information to drivers regarding navigation and route guidance, motorist services, roadway signing, and hazard warnings. * Advanced Vehicle Control Systems refer to systems that aid drivers in controlling their vehicle particularly in emergency situations and ultimately taking over some or all of the driving tasks. * Commercial Vehicle Operations address the application of ITS technologies to the special needs of commercial roadway vehicles including automated vehicle identification, location, weigh-in-motion, clearance sensing, and record keeping. * Advanced Traffic Management Systems monitor, control and manage traffic on streets and highways to reduce congestion using vehicle route diversion, automated signal timing, changeable message signs, and priority control systems. Two technical areas are not specifically addressed in individual chapters, but many aspects of them are covered in associated chapters: * Advanced Rural Transportation Systems include systems that apply ITS technologies to the special needs of rural systems and include emergency notification and response, vehicle location, and traveler information. * Advanced Public Transportation Systems enhance the effectiveness, attractiveness and economics of public transportation and include fleet management, automated fare collection, and real-time information systems.

Advances In Human Aspects Of Road And Rail Transportation

Author: Neville A. Stanton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439871248
Size: 37.59 MB
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Human factors and ergonomics have made considerable contributions to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems and their complementary infrastructure. This volume focuses on the causations of road accidents, the function and design of roads and signs, the design of automobiles, and the training of the driver. It covers accident analyses, air traffic control, control rooms, intelligent transportation systems, and new systems and technologies.

Human Factors Of Visual And Cognitive Performance In Driving

Author: Candida Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420055337
Size: 54.24 MB
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Human error is involved in more than 90 percent of traffic accidents, and of those accidents, most are associated with visual distractions, or looking-but-failing-to-see errors. Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving gathers knowledge from a human factors psychology standpoint and provides deeper insight into traffic -user behavior and the ways drivers acquire information from the road. Emphasizes Drivers as Visual Information Processors Because driving is an eyes-wide-open task, drivers are exposed to a multitude of visual stimuli along their journey. This information must be correctly processed in order to make the right decisions and perform precise safety maneuvers. With contributions from more than 20 leading experts, this detailed resource discusses road and markings design, new technologies, signage, distraction, safety, situation awareness, workload, driving experience, fatigue, and driving interventions with the goal of improving driving behavior and preventing accidents. Addresses These Key Areas: Visual attention and in-vehicle technologies Interventions to reduce road trauma Avoiding collisions and the failures involved in that endeavor Using jargon-free language that is easily understood, this book compresses research from the past few decades into one accessible resource. It clearly and cohesively provides ergonomics and human factor engineers, industrial designers, and highway and roadway engineers with an overarching understanding of the incessant visual demands drivers face.

Lighting For Driving

Author: Peter R. Boyce
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420008159
Size: 25.70 MB
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Integrates Vehicle, Signal, and Road Lighting into a Unified System Many people drive many miles after dark and rely on lighting to help them gather information about the road ahead and the presence and intentions of other people on and near the road. With new technology on the industry’s horizon, Lighting for Driving: Roads, Vehicle, Signs and Signals conveys the crucial role lighting plays in road safety and examines how it could be used more effectively. Authored by a lighting and visibility expert, this book explains the thinking and scientific reasoning behind various forms of lighting and analyzes their contribution to the driver’s understanding of real and potential road hazards. Filled with useful information, this resource straightforwardly addresses a wide range of safety factors encountered in real driving situations, such as weather conditions, complex signage, and driver age. It also deals with the often-ignored consequences of too much light, such as light trespass and sky glow. Comprehensively Explores the Field, Emphasizing Improved Safety Vehicle, road, sign, and signal lighting are provided to enable drivers to reach their destinations quickly and safely. However, the attention given to how these forms of lighting function is likely to change as new technology is introduced and understanding of ergonomics and human factors improves. This book effectively illustrates how these forms of lighting can be modified to work together to best provide a coherent flow of information to the driver.

Iaeng Transactions On Engineering Sciences

Author: Sio-Iong Ao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315761815
Size: 42.48 MB
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Two large international conferences on Advances in Engineering Sciences were held in Hong Kong, March 13-15, 2013, under the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (IMECS 2013), and in London, U.K., 3-5 July, 2013, under the World Congress on Engineering 2013 (WCE 2013) respectively. IMECS 2013 and WCE 2013 were organized by the International Association of Engineers (IAENG). IAENG is a non-profit international association for engineers and computer scientists, which was founded in 1968. This volume contains 46 revised and extended research articles written by prominent researchers participating in the conferences. Topics covered include engineering mathematics, computer science, manufacturing engineering, industrial engineering, and industrial applications. The book offers the state of art of tremendous advances in engineering sciences and also serves as an excellent reference work for researchers and graduate students working with/on engineering sciences.

Multimodal Safety Management And Human Factors

Author: Mr José M Anca Jr
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409485609
Size: 33.36 MB
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Safety management and human factors disciplines are often regarded as subjective and nebulous. This perhaps stems from a variety of, sometimes disparate, activities in the realms of education, industry and research. Aviation is one of the safety-critical industries that has led the development of safety systems and human factors. However, in recent years, safety management and human factors are seen to be progressing well in the road, rail and the medical arena. Multimodal Safety Management and Human Factors is a wide-ranging compendium of contemporary approaches in the aviation, road, rail and medical domains. It brings together 28 chapters from both the academic and professional worlds that focus on applications, tools and strategies in safety management and human factors. It is a wellspring of the practical rather than the theoretical. Safety scientists, human factors industry practitioners, change management advocates, educators and students will find this book extremely relevant and challenging.

Human Factors Guidelines For Road Systems

Author: John L. Campbell
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 0309154693
Size: 68.35 MB
Format: PDF
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NCHRP report 600 explores human factors principles and findings for consideration by highway designers and traffic engineers. The report is designed to help the nonexpert in human factors to consider more effectively the roadway user's capabilities and limitations in the design and operation of highway facilities.

Human Factors Guidelines For Road Systems

Author: John L. Campbell
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 0309258162
Size: 12.80 MB
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"This report completes and updates the first edition of NCHRP Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems (HFG), which was published previously in three collections. The HFG contains guidelines that provide human factors principles and findings for consideration by, and is a resource document for, highway designers, traffic engineers, and other safety practitioners."--Foreword.