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Ice Maiden

Author: Johan Reinhard
Publisher: National Geographic Books
ISBN: 1426201761
Size: 70.47 MB
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Johan Reinhard's discovery of the 500-year-old frozen body of an Inca girl made international headlines in 1995, reaching more than a billion people worldwide. One of the best-preserved mummies ever found, it was a stunning and significant time capsule, the spectacular climax to an Andean quest that yielded no fewer than ten ancient human sacrifices as well as the richest collection of Inca artifacts in archaeological history. Here is the paperback edition of his first-person account, which The Washington Post called "incredible…compelling and often astonishing" and The Wall Street Journal described as "… part adventure story, part detective story, and part memoir—an engaging look at a rarefied world." It's a riveting combination of mountaineering adventure, archaeological triumph, academic intrigue, and scientific breakthrough which has produced important results ranging from the best-preserved DNA of its age to the first complete set of an Inca noblewoman's clothing. At once a vivid personal story, a treasure trove of new insights on the lives and culture of the Inca, and a fascinating glimpse of cutting-edge research in fields as varied as biology, botany, pathology, ornithology and history, The Ice Maiden is as spellbinding and unforgettable as the long-dead but still vital young woman at its heart.

Sterben In Den Bergen

Author: Michael Kasper
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3205200136
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF
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Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem „Sterben in den Bergen“ ist vielfältiger Natur. Sie beinhaltet Todeserfahrungen ebenso wie deren literarische Inszenierung, sie verweist auf die Beschäftigung mit dem Berg als Bedrohung sowie auf heldenhafte Bezwingung- und Überwindungsmetaphoriken, die sich sowohl im epischen Gewand als auch in Stichen und Erzählungen sowie in anderen modernen Medien niederschlagen können. Die Autoren des vorliegenden Bandes präsentieren das Thema in einer großen räumlichen und zeitlichen Breite. Ihr Blick richtet sich nicht nur auf die Alpingeschichte des Alpenraumes, sondern auf Berg und Gebirge in globaler Dimension. Neben zeitgeschichtlichen Fallbeispielen ist auch die Vormoderne mit ihren an Quellen reichen historischen Epochen in den bunten Themenreigen eingebunden. Dieser reicht vom alten Vorderasien bis in die unmittelbare Gegenwart, von Tibet bis zu den Alpen, vom Montafon bis hinaus in die weite Welt.

Of Summits And Sacrifice

Author: Thomas Besom
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292783043
Size: 66.26 MB
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In perhaps as few as one hundred years, the Inka Empire became the largest state ever formed by a native people anywhere in the Americas, dominating the western coast of South America by the early sixteenth century. Because the Inkas had no system of writing, it was left to Spanish and semi-indigenous authors to record the details of the religious rituals that the Inkas believed were vital for consolidating their conquests. Synthesizing these arresting accounts that span three centuries, Thomas Besom presents a wealth of descriptive data on the Inka practices of human sacrifice and mountain worship, supplemented by archaeological evidence. Of Summits and Sacrifice offers insight into the symbolic connections between landscape and life that underlay Inka religious beliefs. In vivid prose, Besom links significant details, ranging from the reasons for cyclical sacrificial rites to the varieties of mountain deities, producing a uniquely powerful cultural history.

Mummies Around The World An Encyclopedia Of Mummies In History Religion And Popular Culture

Author: Matt Cardin
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610694201
Size: 31.31 MB
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Perfect for school and public libraries, this is the only reference book to combine pop culture with science to uncover the mystery behind mummies and the mummification phenomena. • Includes photographs, reproductions of ancient art, images from films and television, and a bibliography to encourage further research • Features profiles of famous archaeologists and key figures who have been instrumental in bringing the mummy to modern consciousness • Contains various timelines tracing the exploration of the Egyptian tombs, the birth of modern genetic and radiologic methods of study, the evolution of mummies in film and literature, and the history of mummies around the world • Highlights key facts and interesting trivia related to mummies in helpful sidebars • Offers an extensive bibliography to encourage further reading

Inca Rituals And Sacred Mountains

Author: Johan Reinhard
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
Size: 76.88 MB
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The Incas carried out some of the most dramatic ceremonies known to us from ancient times. Groups of people walked hundreds of miles across arid and mountainous terrain to perform them on mountains over 6,096 m (20,000 feet) high. The most important offerings made during these pilgrimages involved human sacrifices (capacochas). Although Spanish chroniclers wrote about these offerings and the state sponsored processions of which they were a part, their accounts were based on second-hand sources, and the only direct evidence we have of the capacocha sacrifices comes to us from archaeological excavations. Some of the most thoroughly documented of these were undertaken on high mountain summits, where the material evidence has been exceptionally well preserved. In this study we describe the results of research undertaken on Mount Llullaillaco (6,739 m/22,109 feet), which has the world's highest archaeological site. The types of ruins and artifact assemblages recovered are described and analyzed. By comparing the archaeological evidence with the chroniclers' accounts and with findings from other mountaintop sites, common patterns are demonstrated; while at the same time previously little known elements contribute to our understanding of key aspects of Inca religion. This study illustrates the importance of archaeological sites being placed within the broader context of physical and sacred features of the natural landscape.

Machu Picchu

Author: Johan Reinhard
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
Size: 73.75 MB
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Machu Picchu, recently voted one of the New Wonders of the World, is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, yet it remains a mystery. Even the most basic questions are still unanswered: What was its meaning and why was it built in such a difficult location? Renowned explorer Johan Reinhard attempts to answer such elusive questions from the perspectives of sacred landscape and archaeoastronomy. Using information gathered from historical, archaeological, and ethnographical sources, Reinhard demonstrates how the site is situated in the center of sacred mountains and associated with a sacred river, which is in turn symbolically linked with the sun's passage. Taken together, these features meant that Machu Picchu formed a cosmological, hydrological, and sacred geological center for a vast region.

Frommer S Peru

Author: Neil E. Schlecht
Publisher: Frommers
Size: 53.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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America’s #1 bestselling travel series Written by more than 175 outspoken travelers around the globe, Frommer’s Complete Guides help travelers experience places the way locals do. More annually updated guides than any other series 16-page color section and foldout map in all annual guides Outspoken opinions, exact prices, and suggested itineraries Dozens of detailed maps in an easy-to-read, two-color design You'll never fall into the tourist traps when you travel with Frommer's. It's like having a friend show you around, taking you to the places locals like best. Our expert authors have already gone everywhere you might go--they've done the legwork for you, and they're not afraid to tell it like it is, saving you time and money. No other series offers candid reviews of so many hotels and restaurants in all price ranges. Every Frommer's Travel Guide is up-to-date, with exact prices for everything, dozens of color maps, and exciting coverage of sports, shopping, and nightlife. You'd be lost without us! Frommer's Peru is the premier guide to the country, with complete coverage of Lima, the Southern Coast, Cusco, Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley of the Incas, the Amazon Basin, and more. You'll get candid reviews of the best hotels, restaurants, shopping, and nightlife, as well as the author's picks for the best travel experiences, including: flying over the Nasca Lines; hiking the Inca Trail; gazing upon Machu Picchu; floating on Lake Titicaca; watching the condors soar at Colca Canyon; plunging deep into the jungle of the Amazon; and more.