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The Imperial Harem

Author: Leslie P. Peirce
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195086775
Size: 25.81 MB
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The unprecedented political power of the Ottoman imperial harem in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is widely viewed as illegitimate and corrupting. This book examines the sources of royal women's power and assesses the reactions of contemporaries, which ranged from loyal devotion to armed opposition. By examining political action in the context of household networks, Leslie Peirce demonstrates that female power was a logical, indeed an intended, consequence of political structures. Royal women were custodians of sovereign power, training their sons in its use and exercising it directly as regents when necessary. Furthermore, they played central roles in the public culture of sovereignty--royal ceremonial, monumental building, and patronage of artistic production. The Imperial Harem argues that the exercise of political power was tied to definitions of sexuality. Within the dynasty, the hierarchy of female power, like the hierarchy of male power, reflected the broader society's control for social control of the sexually active.

Stiftung Und Gesellschaft

Author: Michael Borgolte
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110422042
Size: 47.98 MB
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Der dritte Band der Enzyklopädie geht den Wirkungen der Stiftungen auf vormoderne Gesellschaften nach, im lateinischen und orthodoxen Christentum, in islamischen Ländern, in Indien, sowie auf die Gemeinden der Juden in ihren jeweiligen andersgläubigen Mehrheitsgesellschaften. Diese Fragen werden in der bisherigen Forschung kaum gestellt; deshalb bietet der Band eine Sammlung verstreut vorliegender Beobachtungen, aber auch erhebliche Anregungen für künftige Forschungen. Im einzelnen geht es um die "soziale Position" und das "Geschlecht" der Akteure, um das Verhältnis von Stiftung und Raum im Sinne des spacial turn, um den Beitrag der Stiftungen zum gesellschaftlichen Wandel überhaupt, aber auch um Stiftungskritik und Stiftungsaufhebung sowie um interkulturelle Imitationen im Stiftungswesen. Wie die anderen beiden Bände bietet der dritte wichtige Aufschlüsse für die Sozial- und Kulturgeschichte "mittelalterlicher" Gesellschaften und den bisher auch international erstmaligen Versuch eines interkulturellen Phänomenvergleichs mit Beiträgen zu einer transkulturellen Synthese.

A Woman S Place Is In The House

Author: Elna Solvang
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826462138
Size: 70.41 MB
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Archaeological discoveries have increasingly brought to light evidence of women's involvement in the royal houses of the ancient Near East, yet such evidence has not fundamentally altered the perception of monarchy as an exclusively male-gendered theological, political, and social institution. Solvang's study assembles the evidence in search of an integrated view of royal women's position and power in critical functions of monarchy, challenging customary assumptions about women's place in the royal harem. The historical information serves as a backdrop for a literary reading of biblical texts describing the royal house of Judah. Attention is given to three women representing different royal positions: Michal (daughter), Bathsheba (queen mother), and Athaliah (queen and monarch).

Women S Studies

Author: Linda A. Krikos
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
ISBN: 9781563085666
Size: 11.79 MB
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A team of subject specialists has taken on the immense task of documenting publications in the area of women's studies in the last decades of the 20th century. The result is this truly monumental work, which maps the field, covering thousands of titles and Web sites in 19 subject areas published between 1985 and 1999. Intended as a reference and collection development tool, this bibliography provides a guide to women's studies information for each title along with a detailed, often evaluative review. The annotations summarize each work's content, its importance or contribution to women's studies, and its relationship to other titles on the subject. Most reviews cite and describe similar and contrasting titles, substantially extending the coverage. Core titles and titles that are out of print are noted, and reviews indicate which titles are appropriate as texts or supplemental texts.

Women In The Ottoman Empire

Author: Madeline C. Zilfi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004108042
Size: 61.98 MB
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This collection of articles by 14 Middle East historians is a pathbreaking work in the history of Middle Eastern women prior to the contemporary era. The collection seeks to begin the task of reconstructing the history of (Muslim) women's experience in the middle centuries of the Ottoman era, between the mid-seventeenth century and the early nineteenth, prior to hegemonic European involvement in the region and prior to the "modernizing reforms' inaugurated by the Ottoman regime.

The Oxford Handbook Of Women And Gender In Medieval Europe

Author: Judith M. Bennett
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667307
Size: 64.93 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the gender rules encountered in Europe in the period between approximately 500 and 1500 C.E. The essays collected in this volume speak to interpretative challenges common to all fields of women's and gender history - that is, how best to uncover the experiences of ordinary people from archives formed mainly by and about elite males, and how to combine social histories of lived experiences with cultural histories of gendered discourses and identities. The collection focuses on Western Europe in the Middle Ages but offers some consideration of medieval Islam and Byzantium. The Handbook is structured into seven sections: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thought; law in theory and practice; domestic life and material culture; labour, land, and economy; bodies and sexualities; gender and holiness; and the interplay of continuity and change throughout the medieval period. It contains material from some of the foremost scholars in this field, and it not only serves as the major reference text in medieval and gender studies, but also provides an agenda for future new research.

Morality Tales

Author: Leslie Peirce
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520228928
Size: 19.92 MB
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"Leslie Peirce has produced a meticulously researched and gloriously imagined work of historical scholarship. Her deep familiarity with the city of Aintab (today’s Gaziantep) shines through on every page as she recreates the world of the city and its inhabitants in the middle of the sixteenth century. Using a wide variety of sources, Peirce departs from state-centered approach of much of Ottoman historiography and asks instead how individuals understood themselves and their place in Ottoman society. Her answers take us into areas of Ottoman society that are still obscure. We see Aintabans grappling with issues of class, morality, heresy, and the differences between men and women. Throughout, Peirce excavates the complicated relationship between a society that understands itself as Islamic but whose sources of meaning and order are not confined to the religious tradition."—Molly Greene, Princeton University "This is another masterpiece that will, like Leslie Peirce’s first book, become a classic. Once again, she shows a special talent for raising relevant issues that have remained unexplored and shedding light on older issues with illuminating interpretations. . . . The heterogeneity of law and the variability of justice emerge clearly, as do the flexibility and fluidity of legal practices, justice as a process not a structure, and law as a product of debate among providers and users."—Lucette Valensi, author of La Fuite en Egypte: Histoires d'Orient et d'Occident, 2002 "Leslie Peirce guides the reader through the Anatolian town of Aintab, twenty-five years after its incorporation into the Ottoman Empire. Using the local court records for the year 1540-1541 and the fascinating accounts of women talkingæsometimes even shouting and cursingætheir way into court, she reveals the intricacies of the legal system at the crossroads of imperial law and local custom. . . . Morality Tales is a must for Ottomanists, to whom it will offer a truly innovative methodology and a brilliant portrayal and analysis of this complex and fascinating period. More important, however, this book will reveal to a wider audience that Ottoman history has a lot to contribute to the understanding of early modern society and politics."—Edhem Eldem, Bogaziçi University, Istanbul

Turkey

Author: Çiğdem Balım-Harding
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 73.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Situated between two continents, the Turkish Republic emerged in 1923 as the successor to the multinational Ottoman Empire. A young secular Republic with an old history, Turkey is a diverse and complex country in terms of social composition, politics, culture and economy, where cultures and races coexist. This dynamism is apparent in Turkey's economy, with its rapidly developing financial markets, an energetic entrepreneurial class, a thriving industrial base, and fast-growing communications. Today Turkey is striving to consolidate its democracy but it also faces other challenges. On the one hand it wishes to maintain its Islamic tradition but on the other it desires to be part of the West. In addition, it seeks to find a balance between its traditional role in Western defence strategy and its new regional role in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. This bibliography fully updates the original volume, published in 1982.