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The Innocence Commission

Author: Jon B. Gould
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814732267
Size: 78.32 MB
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Beyond Exonerating the Innocent: Author on WAMU Radio Convicted Yet Innocent: The Legal Times Review Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2008 DNA testing and advances in forensic science have shaken the foundations of the U.S. criminal justice system. One of the most visible results is the exoneration of inmates who were wrongly convicted and incarcerated, many of them sentenced to death for crimes they did not commit. This has caused a quandary for many states: how can claims of innocence be properly investigated and how can innocent inmates be reliably distinguished from the guilty? In answer, some states have created “innocence commissions” to establish policies and provide legal assistance to the improperly imprisoned. The Innocence Commission describes the creation and first years of the Innocence Commission for Virginia (ICVA), the second innocence commission in the nation and the first to conduct a systematic inquiry into all cases of wrongful conviction. Written by Jon B. Gould, the Chair of the ICVA, who is a professor of justice studies and an attorney, the author focuses on twelve wrongful conviction cases to show how and why wrongful convictions occur, what steps legal and state advocates took to investigate the convictions, how these prisoners were ultimately freed, and what lessons can be learned from their experiences. Gould recounts how a small band of attorneys and other advocates — in Virginia and around the country — have fought wrongful convictions in court, advanced the subject of wrongful convictions in the media, and sought to remedy the issue of wrongful convictions in the political arena. He makes a strong case for the need for Innocence Commissions in every state, showing that not only do Innocence Commissions help to identify weaknesses in the criminal justice system and offer workable improvements, but also protect society by helping to ensure that actual perpetrators are expeditiously identified, arrested, and brought to trial. Everyone has an interest in preventing wrongful convictions, from police officers and prosecutors, who seek the latest and best investigative techniques, to taxpayers, who want an efficient criminal justice system, to suspects who are erroneously pursued and sometimes convicted. Free of legal jargon and written for a general audience, The Innocence Commission is instructive, informative, and highly compelling reading.

Actual Innocence

Author: Jim Dwyer
Publisher: Doubleday Books
ISBN: 038549341X
Size: 36.30 MB
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Ten true tales of people falsely accused detail the flaws in the criminal justice system that landed these people in prison

How To Succeed In College While Really Trying

Author: Jon B. Gould
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226304671
Size: 67.33 MB
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After years of preparation and anticipation, many students arrive at college without any real knowledge of the ins and outs of college life. They’ve been focused on finding the right school and have been carefully guided through the nuances of the admissions process, but too often they have little knowledge about how college will be different from high school or what will be expected of them during that crucial first year and beyond. Written by an award-winning teacher, How to Succeed in College (While Really Trying) provides much-needed help to students, offering practical tips and specific study strategies that will equip them to excel in their new environment. Drawing on years of experience teaching at a variety of campuses, from large research universities to small liberal arts colleges, Jon B. Gould gives readers the lay of the land and demystifies the college experience. In the course of the book, students will learn how to identify the best instructors, how to choose classes and settle on a major, how to develop effective strategies for reading and note taking, and how to write good papers and successfully complete exams. Because much of the college experience takes place outside of the classroom, Gould also advises students on how to effectively manage their cocurricular activities, work obligations, and free time, as well as how to take advantage of the typically untapped resources on every campus. With candid advice and insights from a seasoned insider, this guide will leave students better prepared not only to succeed in college but to enjoy it as well.

Speak No Evil

Author: Jon B. Gould
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226305134
Size: 51.75 MB
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Opponents of speech codes often argue that liberal academics use the codes to advance an agenda of political correctness. But Jon B. Gould's provocative book, based on an enormous amount of empirical evidence, reveals that the real reasons for their growth are to be found in the pragmatic, almost utilitarian, considerations of college administrators. Instituting hate speech policy, he shows, was often a symbolic response taken by university leaders to reassure campus constituencies of their commitment against intolerance. In an academic version of "keeping up with the Joneses," some schools created hate speech codes to remain within what they saw as the mainstream of higher education. Only a relatively small number of colleges crafted codes out of deep commitment to their merits. Although college speech codes have been overturned by the courts, Speak No Evil argues that their rise has still had a profound influence on curtailing speech in other institutions such as the media and has also shaped mass opinion and common understandings of constitutional norms. Ultimately, Gould contends, this kind of informal law can have just as much power as the Constitution.

Wrongful Conviction And Criminal Justice Reform

Author: Marvin Zalman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135077444
Size: 24.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.

The Innocent And The Criminal Justice System

Author: Michael Naughton
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137341157
Size: 22.22 MB
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The Innocent and the Criminal Justice System examines competing perspectives on, and definitions of, miscarriages of justice to tackle these questions and more in this critical sociological examination of innocence and wrongful conviction. This book: • is the first book of its kind to cover wrong convictions, from definition and causation to the limits of redress • provides a wealth of case studies and statistics to apply theoretical discussions of the criminal justice system to real-life situations • discusses ideas and challenges that are highly relevant to current political and social debates Elegantly written by a leading expert in the field, this book is essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice and law, looking to understand the workings of the criminal justice system and how it can fail the innocent.

Convicting The Innocent

Author: Brandon Garrett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674060989
Size: 56.21 MB
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DNA exonerations have shattered confidence in the criminal justice system by exposing how often we have convicted the innocent and let the guilty walk free. In this unsettling analysis, Garrett examines what went wrong in the cases of the first 250 people exonerated by DNA testing, and proposes systemic reforms.

Criminal Justice Masterworks

Author: Robert Panzarella
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781611634129
Size: 59.96 MB
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Criminal Justice Masterworks weaves together three strands of intellectual pursuit: an acquaintance with great writings on criminal justice, the perspective provided by a history of ideas, and the skills of critical thinking.The editors provide a taste of classic works usually known to students only through textbook summaries, short excerpts, or references elsewhere. The masterworks in criminal justice are separated into four areas: criminology, legal studies, police studies, and correctional studies. They include selections from Beccaria on justice and law, torture and the death penalty; Lombroso on biological and social factors in crime; Shaw & McKay on juvenile delinquency; Chambliss on law making and special interest groups; Holmes on the evolution of law; Frankfurter on interpreting statutes; Westley on police solidarity and use of force; Fogelson on the dilemmas of the professional movement in policing; Goldstein on policing in a democratic society; Beaumont & Tocqueville on the reform ideal in penitentiaries; Augustus on probation concepts and strategies; and Clemmer on the effects of imprisonment. The twelve selections are rather extensive in order to convey the main ideas, display the logical and empirical foundations of the works, and allow for critical thinking on the fundamental issues.Criminal Justice Masterworks was developed primarily for use in a capstone seminar for college undergraduates majoring in criminal justice studies. It is also useful as a brief survey of great writings in criminal justice for any advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate student or criminal justice professional. It is for students, teachers, and professionals who want to explore criminal justice ideas and practices at a greater depth.

Police Liability And Risk Management

Author: Robert J Girod
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466593121
Size: 79.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Law enforcement agencies and their employees are continually at risk for potential liability related to torts, civil rights violations, and employment law issues. Litigation may involve suits by the public against officers and the administration, actions by the administration against officers, or actions by officers against the administration or members of the public they serve. Knowledge of these risks and understanding how they arise are essential to law enforcement officers, administrators, and their legal counsel. Police Liability and Risk Management: Torts, Civil Rights, and Employment Law is written by an attorney and a 34-year law enforcement veteran who knows his way around the streets and the courtroom. Dr. Robert J. Girod combines decades of teaching and practical experience with legal and academic education to compile this practical source of case law and risk management principles. The book is designed to help law enforcement professionals reduce police liability and avoid the risk of litigation—or, in the event a lawsuit does arise—to manage liability and defend themselves. In our litigious society, suits involving the law enforcement community are becoming a more common occurrence and can destroy an officer’s career or cast a pall on an entire department. By understanding the laws governing these types of issues, law enforcement professionals are better able to monitor the sources of liability and implement risk management strategies to shield their policies, practices, procedures, and protocols from the danger of liability.