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The International Monetary Fund Imf

Author: James Raymond Vreeland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134189532
Size: 12.97 MB
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This is a clear and concise introduction to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and an overview of its debates and controversies. Where did the IMF come from? What does it do? Why do so many governments participate in its programs and what are their effects? How can we best reform this key global institution? These are some of the key questions addressed. In our age of thinking global, the IMF is a crucial institution and central to understanding international relations and current affairs. Founded in the aftermath of the Second World War, its basic purposes were to facilitate world trade and promote national prosperity. The founders hoped that never again would the world experience the trade policies that led up to the Great Depression. This book outlines and questions these targets and assesses actual achievements. It also details how despite originally focusing on Europe, the Fund has gradually shifted to involvement with poorer developing countries, but to what ends and with how much success? This study both poses and tackles the tough questions facing our global community today.

How Global Institutions Rule The World

Author: J. Colomer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137475080
Size: 34.44 MB
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This book reviews bureau-type organizations delivering network goods, documenting how most global institutions greatly improved their effectiveness during the last few decades. In the current globalized world, the design and choice of appropriate institutional rules and procedures can result in effective and democratic global government.

Routledge Handbook On The European Union And International Institutions

Author: Knud Erik Jørgensen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415539463
Size: 68.45 MB
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While the EU has championed "effective multilateralism" and experienced a dramatic internal reform process to improve its performance in external relations, broader multilateral processes have also undergone dramatic change. This handbook addresses the increasingly contested issue of profound political importance: Europe's presence in multilateral institutions. It assesses both the evolving role of Europe in international institutions, and the transformations in international institutions themselves. Acknowledging that the category of international institutions comprises a highly diverse field of multilateral engagements this handbook presents a state of the art approach that analyzes both what we have learned about the EU and international institutions as well as identifying promising avenues for further research. The handbook is divided into six parts: Part I examines the EU's diplomatic and legal personality in international relations that constitutes the internal foundation for the EU's engagement with international institutions. Part II assesses how EU multilateralism intersects with other international institutions and provides a means to assess the performance of international institutions as well as the EU itself in multilateral processes. Part III focuses on the EU's participation with key institutions within the general UN system, such as the UN Security Council and the Human Rights Council as well as specific policy domains such as human rights across UN institutions. Part IV focuses on EU relations with wide range of international organizations in a variety of fields, from organizations in economic and security realms to environmental institutions and specialized agencies. Part V focuses on the EU's engagement in a broad spectrum of issue-specific international agreements and international regimes, addressing issues such as non-proliferation of WMDs, climate change, information technology, and the emerging Gx-system (G7, G8, G20 etc). Part VI examines broader contextual factors that influence the relationship between the EU and international institutions, including the evolution of multilateralism, the trans-Atlantic relationship, global norms and the emergence of multipolarity. This comprehensive volume brings together scholars and practitioners to summarize and synthesize existing knowledge in the field. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of European politics, the EU's external relations, international relations, international organizations and international political economy.

African Economic Institutions

Author: Kwame Akonor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135224587
Size: 15.12 MB
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This book analyzes how, and under what conditions, African International Economic Organizations (IEO) have evolved, and what individual and collective contributions, if any, these African IEOs have had on Africa’s socio-economic development. Providing a comprehensive and accessible overview, the book covers the continent’s main IEOs, The United Nations Economic Commission on Africa, The African Development Bank; and The New Partnership for Africa’s Development as well as the five major Regional Economic Communities, including Economic Community of West African States, and Southern African Development Community. Assessing the degree to which African IEO’s have been able to chart their own course in coming up with their development agendas and priorities rather than following the lead of Global Institutions, this book: Provides a descriptive and analytical overview of the historical and contemporary development blueprints produced for Africa Clearly examines the contribution made by African economic institutions towards development Considers whether African economic institutions are building blocks or stumbling blocks in Africa’s development Offers a detailed evaluation and critique of African IEOs Enabling the reader to reach a deeper understanding of the challenges and potentials of development on the African continent, African Economic Institutions will be of interest to all students and scholars of African politics and development studies.

The Globalization Reader

Author: Frank J. Lechner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118737024
Size: 74.58 MB
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Completely revised and updated, the fifth edition of this well-regarded textbook charts key topics and recent research in globalization along with the latest complexities and controversies in the field. Includes a new section on globalization and identity and new readings on global inequality, mental illness, structural violence, microfinance, blood diamonds, world citizenship, the global justice movement, and sumo wrestling Contains essential, thought-provoking readings by prominent scholars, activists, and organizations on the many dimensions of globalization, from political and economic issues to cultural and experiential ones Examines foundational topics, such as the experience of globalization, economic and political globalization, the role of media and religion in cultural globalization, women’s rights, environmentalism, global civil society, and the alternative globalization movement Retains the helpful student features from prior editions, including an accessible format, concise introductions to major topics, stimulating examples, and discussion questions for each selection and section

Creating Credibility

Author: Stephen C. Nelson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 61.17 MB
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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has been deeply involved in economic governance in developing countries through its conditional lending since the late 1970s. Despite the importance of the IMF in the economic and political life of its borrowers, we have, at best, an incomplete understanding of the roots of the institution's behavior. This dissertation attempts to answer some important questions about the IMF's lending activities, namely: why is there so much variation in the IMF's treatment of its borrowers? I argue that the IMF is best viewed as a purposive actor driven by a set of economic ideas. These ideas shape the way the institution's staff and management make decisions about the use of its resource in complex and unsettled political and economic circumstances. The IMF has political preference for policy teams composed of likeminded officials. I use new data to test the argument on three aspects of IMF treatment; the cross-national evidence shows that governments with a higher proportion of neoliberal policymakers receive larger loans with fewer binding conditions and are more likely to receive waivers for missed policy targets. Further, I show that the ability of top neoliberal economic officials to deliver better treatment from the IMF enables them to extend their time in office. Since the presence of the IMF confers political advantages to the policymakers that share the Fund's economic worldview, I argue that neoliberals have greater political influence in countries that have spent many years under the institution's conditional lending programs. The claims are tested using both quantitative analyses and a qualitative case study of Argentina's relationship with the IMF over a quarter century (1976-2001).

Money Talks

Author: Erica R. Gould
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804752794
Size: 33.89 MB
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analyzes the changes in conditions placed on International Monetary Fund loans to states over the last fifty years and argues that the changes can be explained by shifts in the sources of the IMF's funding.

Imf Lending To Developing Countries

Author: Graham Bird
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134817630
Size: 43.28 MB
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As the linchpin of the global financial system, the International Monetary Fund provides the balance of payments support, chiefly to developing countries, conditional on strict remedial policy measures. Its approach to policy remains highly controversial, however. While the Fund claims it has adapted, critics allege its policies are harshly doctrinaire, imposing hardships on already poverty-stricken people. For the critics, the half century of its existence is `fifty years too long' and radical change is essential. This book examines the arguments, tracing the extent of Fund adaption, presenting major new evidence on the consequences of fund programes, and considering its future role.

What Determines The Implementation Of Imf Supported Programs

Author: Anna Ivanova
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 23.28 MB
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This paper assesses the implementation of IMF-supported programs using measures of program interruptions, compliance with conditionality, and the share of committed funds disbursed. The econometric model allows an evaluation of the importance for program implementation of political conditions in borrowing countries, IMF effort, conditionality, as well as initial and external conditions. The paper concludes that program implementation depends primarily on borrowing countries' domestic political economy. Strong special interests, political instability, inefficient bureaucracies, lack of political cohesion, and ethno-linguistic divisions weaken program implementation. IMF effort, the extent and structure of conditionality, and initial and external conditions do not materially influence program prospects.

Market State And Society In Contemporary Latin America

Author: William C. Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444335251
Size: 48.60 MB
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"Market, State, and Society in Contemporary Latin America" explores fundamental issues in the political economy of the region in the early twenty-first century. The chapters in this volume deploy a variety of theoretical and methodological perspectives to understand the recent transformations in relations among market, state, and society in Latin American countries. Based on careful empirical research, the contributors go beyond popular state-centric explanations of economic policy-making in the region, emphasizing the centrality of state-society bargaining in the design and implementation of market-oriented restructuring. By the same token, the chapters in "Market, State and Society" also challenge simplistic argument about state decline, demonstrating the crucial role of differing configurations of domestic actors, interests and institutions in mediating the effects of globalization on welfare regimes, labor politics, and popular contestation.