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The Japanese Monarchy 1931 91 Ambassador Grew And The Making Of The Symbol Emperor System

Author: Masanori Nakamura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315485915
Size: 63.24 MB
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"The Japanese Monarchy, 1931-1991", which created a sensation when first published in Japanese, clarifies US policies toward Japan's symbol emperor system before, during and after World War II. As American ambassador to Japan from 1932 to 1945, Joseph Clark Grew had contacts with groups close to the emperor as well as leading "moderates". Returning to the US after the outbreak of the war, he made many speeches, first condemning Japanese aggression, but later changing his theme from war to peace, even to suggesting that the emperor would be a key asset in stabilising Japanese society after the war, a view which was widely criticised at the time. Later, as under secretary of state, Grew came to play an important role in the formation of postwar US policy on Japan and the emperor. His view that the emperor was a pacifist who opposed and sought to end the war with the US and that thus postwar Japan should be reconstructed with the emperor and the moderates at the centre, was later adopted in the decision of Douglas MacArthur's occupation to preserve the emperor system. That the evolution of an ambassador's convictions could have such a significant impact, even to this day, on postwar US-Japan relations vividly illustrates the importance of truly understanding the history and culture of another country, whether friend or foe.

Japan Im Pazifischen Krieg

Author: Krebs, Gerhard
Publisher: IUDICIUM Verlag
ISBN: 3891290101
Size: 14.49 MB
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Das vorliegende Werk weist nach, dass die politische Struktur Japans im Zweiten Weltkrieg · etwa im Vergleich zu Deutschland - ein erstaunliches Maß an Pluralismus aufwies und es Persönlichkeiten, die über eine gewisse Prominenz verfügten, erlaubte, auch Kritik an offizieller Regierungspolitik und kompromissloser Kriegführung zu üben. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung steht nicht der militärische Ablauf, sondern das Streben nach Vermeidung eines bewaffneten Konfliktes 1941 und nach dessen Ausbruch die Suche nach einem Friedensschluss. Daran beteiligt waren u.a. einige der als Berater von Politik und Thron fungierenden ehemaligen Premierminister, inaktive und aktive Diplomaten, Militärs im Ruhestand, Journalisten, Kaiserliche Prinzen und Hofbeamte. Ein entscheidendes Motiv für ihre Aktivitäten war die Furcht vor einer kommunistischen Revolution im Falle einer militärischen Niederlage und damit dem Ende des Tennō-Systems. Auch in den USA existierten Kräfte mit den gleichen Intentionen, und so ergänzten sich die Bestrebungen auf beiden Seiten des Pazifiks. Besonders die Furcht der USA vor einer Ausbreitung des Kommunismus in Fernost führte zu dem Interesse an einem konservativen Partner in dem Raum. Dadurch wurden Voraussetzungen geschaffen, trotz einer jahrelangen äußerst brutalen Kriegführung und einer misstrauischen Beäugung in den Anfangsjahren nach Japans Kapitulation den Weg zu einer Partnerschaft einzuschlagen, als deren Ergebnis Tokyo bis in die Gegenwart Washingtons wichtigste Stütze in Asien wurde.

The Unpredictability Of The Past

Author: Marc Gallicchio
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822339458
Size: 15.75 MB
Format: PDF
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DIVCollection explores the formation and uses of memory about the Asia-Pacific front of World War II, considering how it continues to shape political and diplomatic discourse./div

The Rhetoric Of Emperor Hirohito

Author: Takeshi Suzuki
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443873624
Size: 52.68 MB
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This book investigates the wartime role of Emperor Hirohito and the transition of the Emperor System, a structure which had been in place for a large period of Japanese history, and one undergoing significant change due to a series of intense encounters with Western-style modernity since the Meiji period of the late nineteenth century. Specifically, it explores moments in three episodes of social reality that were part of the wartime experience of the Japanese people: namely, the initiation of the conflict, accomplishing an end to the war, and the transition to post-war society.