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The Lady In Gold

Author: Anne-Marie O'Connor
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 030795756X
Size: 24.99 MB
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The spellbinding story, part fairy tale, part suspense, of Gustav Klimt’s Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, one of the most emblematic portraits of its time; of the beautiful, seductive Viennese Jewish salon hostess who sat for it; the notorious artist who painted it; the now vanished turn-of-the-century Vienna that shaped it; and the strange twisted fate that befell it. The Lady in Gold, considered an unforgettable masterpiece, one of the twentieth century’s most recognizable paintings, made headlines all over the world when Ronald Lauder bought it for $135 million a century after Klimt, the most famous Austrian painter of his time, completed the society portrait. Anne-Marie O’Connor, writer for The Washington Post, formerly of the Los Angeles Times, tells the galvanizing story of the Lady in Gold, Adele Bloch-Bauer, a dazzling Viennese Jewish society figure; daughter of the head of one of the largest banks in the Hapsburg Empire, head of the Oriental Railway, whose Orient Express went from Berlin to Constantinople; wife of Ferdinand Bauer, sugar-beet baron. The Bloch-Bauers were art patrons, and Adele herself was considered a rebel of fin de siècle Vienna (she wanted to be educated, a notion considered “degenerate” in a society that believed women being out in the world went against their feminine “nature”). The author describes how Adele inspired the portrait and how Klimt made more than a hundred sketches of her—simple pencil drawings on thin manila paper. And O’Connor writes of Klimt himself, son of a failed gold engraver, shunned by arts bureaucrats, called an artistic heretic in his time, a genius in ours. She writes of the Nazis confiscating the portrait of Adele from the Bloch-Bauers’ grand palais; of the Austrian government putting the painting on display, stripping Adele’s Jewish surname from it so that no clues to her identity (nor any hint of her Jewish origins) would be revealed. Nazi officials called the painting, The Lady in Gold and proudly exhibited it in Vienna’s Baroque Belvedere Palace, consecrated in the 1930s as a Nazi institution. The author writes of the painting, inspired by the Byzantine mosaics Klimt had studied in Italy, with their exotic symbols and swirls, the subject an idol in a golden shrine. We see how, sixty years after it was stolen by the Nazis, the Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer became the subject of a decade-long litigation between the Austrian government and the Bloch-Bauer heirs, how and why the U.S. Supreme Court became involved in the case, and how the Court’s decision had profound ramifications in the art world. A riveting social history; an illuminating and haunting look at turn-of-the-century Vienna; a brilliant portrait of the evolution of a painter; a masterfully told tale of suspense. And at the heart of it, the Lady in Gold—the shimmering painting, and its equally irresistible subject, the fate of each forever intertwined.

Der Gestohlene Klimt

Author: Elisabeth Sandmann
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3458750738
Size: 75.18 MB
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Elisabeth Sandmann erzählt in diesem Buch die Geschichte eines der größten Kunstskandale des 20. Jahrhunderts: Im Jahr 1907 schuf Gustav Klimt in Wien die »Goldene Adele«. Das Porträt von Adele Bloch-Bauer befand sich in Familienbesitz, bis es im Zuge der Enteignung jüdischen Besitzes von den Nazis geraubt wurde. Alle Bemühungen der Erben, es nach Kriegsende zurückzubekommen, scheiterten, ihre Forderungen wurden über Jahrzehnte hinweg von offizieller Seite abgewiesen. Bis sich Maria Altmann, Adeles Nichte, im hohen Alter dazu entschloss, in höchster Instanz den Staat Österreich zu verklagen – und schließlich das fast Undenkbare erreichte: die rechtmäßige Rückgabe der Kunstwerke. Die Geschichte um die »Goldene Adele« ist die eines beispiellosen Unrechts, das noch lange nach dem Nationalsozialismus fortbestand – aber auch die einer sensationellen Restitution: »Ich habe immer gehofft, dass die Gerechtigkeit ihren Lauf nimmt. Und genau das ist geschehen.« Maria Altmann

Hitlers Bilder

Author: Anders Rydell
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593425297
Size: 20.50 MB
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Der »Schwabinger Kunstfund« in der Wohnung des Kunsthändlersohns Cornelius Gurlitt, der »Welfenschatz« und der Hollywoodstreifen »Monuments Men« – sie alle sorgten jüngst für internationales Aufsehen. Die Debatten drehen sich dabei stets um das Thema »NSRaubkunst «: um Kunstwerke also, die während der Nazizeit von offiziellen deutschen Stellen beschlagnahmt oder gestohlen wurden. Anders Rydell macht in seinem fulminanten Buch die Kunstpolitik der Nationalsozialisten begreiflich, die ihre Tiefpunkte in der Ausstellung »Entartete Kunst«, im devisenbringenden Verkauf und in der Zerstörung von Gemälden fand. Er erzählt, fast wie ein Kinofilm, vom Beutezug, mit dem Hitler und seine Helfershelfer riesige Kunstsammlungen anhäuften. Und er veranschaulicht eindrücklich, welche Anstrengungen man heute noch immer unternimmt, um die geraubten Werke aufzufinden und sie den rechtmäßigen Besitzern zurückzugeben.

Rethinking Holocaust Justice

Author: Norman J. W. Goda
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785336983
Size: 44.68 MB
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Since the end of World War II, the ongoing efforts aimed at criminal prosecution, restitution, and other forms of justice in the wake of the Holocaust have constituted one of the most significant episodes in the history of human rights and international law. As such, they have attracted sustained attention from historians and legal scholars. This edited collection substantially enlarges the topical and disciplinary scope of this burgeoning field, exploring such varied subjects as literary analysis of Hannah Arendt’s work, the restitution case for Gustav Klimt’s Beethoven Frieze, and the ritualistic aspects of criminal trials.

Artists Under Hitler

Author: Jonathan Petropoulos
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300210612
Size: 80.17 MB
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“What are we to make of those cultural figures, many with significant international reputations, who tried to find accommodation with the Nazi regime?” Jonathan Petropoulos asks in this exploration of some of the most acute moral questions of the Third Reich. In his nuanced analysis of prominent German artists, architects, composers, film directors, painters, and writers who rejected exile, choosing instead to stay during Germany’s darkest period, Petropoulos shows how individuals variously dealt with the regime’s public opposition to modern art. His findings explode the myth that all modern artists were anti-Nazi and all Nazis anti-modernist. Artists Under Hitler closely examines cases of artists who failed in their attempts to find accommodation with the Nazi regime (Walter Gropius, Paul Hindemith, Gottfried Benn, Ernst Barlach, Emil Nolde) as well as others whose desire for official acceptance was realized (Richard Strauss, Gustaf Gründgens, Leni Riefenstahl, Arno Breker, Albert Speer). Collectively these ten figures illuminate the complex cultural history of Nazi Germany, while individually they provide haunting portraits of people facing excruciating choices and grave moral questions.

Klimt

Author: Susanna Partsch
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783868620207
Size: 24.87 MB
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Der Hase Mit Den Bernsteinaugen

Author: Edmund De Waal
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783423142120
Size: 39.88 MB
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Anhand kleiner japanischer Kunstfiguren, die in einer Bankiersfamilie in Paris, Wien und Tokyo von Generation zu Generation weitergegeben wurden, wird das Leben der jüdischen Oberschicht vom späten 19. Jahrhundert bis nach dem 2. Weltkrieg rekonstruiert.