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The Last Day

Author: Nicholas Shrady
Publisher: Penguin Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780143114604
Size: 30.96 MB
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Shrady provides not only a vivid account of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755, but also a stimulating survey of the many shock waves it sent throughout Western civilization.

Forbidden Aesthetics Ethical Justice And Terror In Modern Western Culture

Author: Emmanouil Aretoulakis
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498513131
Size: 39.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Most would find it improper, even immoral, to admit to an aesthetic experience of the beautiful in the midst of terror and disaster. In this book, Emmanouil Aretoulakis explores the fascination with terror and human tragedy, which he terms forbiddenaesthetics, through various lenses including Kant’s idea of disinterested judgement of the beautiful and Burke’s concept of delight before real catastrophe.

Three Great Tsunamis Lisbon 1755 Sumatra Andaman 2004 And Japan 2011

Author: Harsh K. Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765762
Size: 10.55 MB
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Tsunamis are primarily caused by earthquakes. Under favourable geological conditions, when a large earthquake occurs below the sea bed and the resultant rupture causes a vertical displacement of the ocean bed, the entire column of water above it is displaced, causing a tsunami. In the ocean, tsunamis do not reach great heights but can travel at velocities of up to 1000 km/hour. As a tsunami reaches shallow sea depths, there is a decrease in its velocity and an increase in its height. Tsunamis are known to have reached heights of several tens of meters and inundate several kilometres inland from the shore. Tsunamis can also be caused by displacement of substantial amounts of water by landslides, volcanic eruptions, glacier calving and rarely by meteorite impacts and nuclear tests in the ocean. In this SpringerBrief, the causes of tsunamis, their intensity and magnitude scales, global distribution and a list of major tsunamis are provided. The three great tsunamis of 1755, 2004 and 2011are presented in detail. The 1755 tsunami caused by the Lisbon earthquake, now estimated to range from Mw 8.5 to 9.0, was the most damaging tsunami ever in the Atlantic ocean. It claimed an estimated 100,000 human lives and caused wide-spread damage. The 2004 Sumatra Andaman Mw 9.1 earthquake and the resultant tsunami were the deadliest ever to hit the globe, claiming over 230,000 human lives and causing wide-spread financial losses in several south and south-east Asian countries. The 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and the resultant tsunami were a surprise to the seismologists in Japan and around the globe. The height of the tsunami far exceeded the estimated heights. It claimed about 20,000 human lives. The tsunami also caused nuclear accidents. This earthquake has given rise to a global debate on how to estimate the maximum size of an earthquake in a given region and the safety of nuclear power plants in coastal regions. This Brief also includes a description of key components of tsunami warning centres, progress in deploying tsunami watch and warning facilities globally, tsunami advisories and their communication, and the way forward.

Natural Disasters In A Global Environment

Author: Anthony N. Penna
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118327543
Size: 12.12 MB
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Natural Disasters in a Global Environment is atransnational, global and environmental history of natural andman-made disasters. Detailed case studies of past and presentevents are presented in a historical narrative, making use of themost recent scholarship. Examines a range of disasters including volcanoes, earthquakes,floods, landslides, hurricanes, famines, and more Highlights the role of science in studying natural disastersand describes the mechanisms responsible for them Features a range of case studies which can be used inconjunction with one another or as standalone examples Covers scientific material in a lucid and accessible stylesuited to undergraduate students or those outside ofscientific disciplines Traces the transition of our understanding of disasters, fromreligious and superstitious explanations to contemporary scientificaccounts

News In Early Modern Europe

Author: Simon Davies
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004276866
Size: 73.20 MB
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News in Early Modern Europe presents new research on the nature, production, and dissemination of a variety of forms of news writing from across Europe during the early modern period.

This Gulf Of Fire

Author: Mark Molesky
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 1101875828
Size: 26.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Winner of the Phi Alpha Theta Best Subsequent Book Award Finalist: Los Angeles Times Book Prize The captivating and definitive account of the most consequential natural disaster of modern times. On All Saints’ Day 1755, tremors from an earthquake measuring perhaps 9.0 (or higher) on the moment magnitude scale swept furiously from their origin along the Atlantic seabed toward the Iberian and African coasts. Directly in their path was Lisbon, then one of the wealthiest cities in the world and the capital of a vast global empire. Within minutes, much of the city lay in ruins. But this was only the beginning. A half hour later, a giant tsunami unleashed by the quake smashed into Portugal’s coastline and barreled up the Tagus River, carrying countless thousands out to sea. By day’s end, the great wave chain would claim victims on four separate continents. To complete Lisbon’s destruction, a hellacious firestorm then engulfed the city’s shattered remains. Subjecting survivors to temperatures exceeding 1,832°F (1,000°C), it burned for several weeks, killing thousands and incinerating much of what the earthquake and tsunami had spared. Drawing on a wealth of new sources, the latest scientific research, and a sophisticated grasp of European history, Mark Molesky gives us the authoritative account of the Great Lisbon Disaster and its impact on the Western world—including descriptions of the world’s first international relief effort; the rise of a brutal, yet modernizing, dictatorship in Portugal; and the effect of the disaster on the spirit and direction of the European Enlightenment. Much more than a chronicle of destruction, This Gulf of Fire is, at its heart, a gripping human drama, involving an array of unforgettable characters—such as the Marquês de Pombal, the once-slighted striver who sees in the chaos his path to supreme power, and Gabriel Malagrida, the charismatic Jesuit whose view that the earthquake was a punishment sent by God leads inexorably to his demise. There is Dom José, the unremarkable king of Portugal, who stands by his people in their moment of greatest need but ultimately abandons them to the tyranny of his first minister. There is Kitty Witham, the plucky English nun who helps her fellow sisters escape from their collapsing convent, and Manoel Portal, the Oratorian priest who flees the burning capital on his broken leg and goes on to write one of the definitive accounts of the disaster. Philosophers, kings, poets, emperors, scientists, scoundrels, journalists, and monkeys all make their appearance in this remarkable narrative of the mid-eighteenth century. From the Hardcover edition.

Facing Catastrophe

Author: Robert R. M. Verchick
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674047915
Size: 56.45 MB
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In this bold contribution to environmental law, Robert Verchick argues for a new perspective on disaster law that is based on the principles of environmental protection. He contends that government must assume a stronger regulatory role in managing natural infrastructure, distributional fairness, and public risk. Verchick proposes changes to the federal statutes governing environmental impact assessments, wetlands development, air emissions, and flood control, among others. This is a new vision of disaster law for the next generation.

Ber Die Toleranz

Author: Voltaire
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518741691
Size: 63.24 MB
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Voltaires 1763 erschienenes Plädoyer für Toleranz zwischen den Religionen war nie so aktuell wie heute. Seit den Anschlägen auf die Redaktion der Satirezeitschrift Charlie Hebdo hat sich seine Kritik des religiösen Fanatismus wie ein Lauffeuer verbreitet, er selbst gilt als zentrales Symbol für die Freiheit des Geistes: Voltaire-Plakate, versehen mit dem Slogan »Je suis Charlie«, sind in ganz Paris zu sehen. Seine Streitschrift Über die Toleranz wird zusammen mit Kugelschreibern und Stiften als Mahnmal auf vielen Straßen Frankreichs platziert und ist zur Schullektüre avanciert. 250 Jahre nach ihrem Erscheinen ist Voltaires Kampfansage an den Fanatismus und den Aberglauben brisanter und dringlicher denn je. Höchste Zeit, sie zu lesen! Mit einem Vorwort von Laurent Joffrin (Chefredakteur "Libération")

Revolutions In The Atlantic World

Author: Wim Klooster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814748268
Size: 45.37 MB
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In the late eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, revolutions transformed the British, French, and Spanish Atlantic worlds. During this time, colonial and indigenous people rioted and rebelled against their occupiers in violent pursuit of political liberty and economic opportunity, challenging time-honored social and political structures on both sides of the Atlantic. As a result, mainland America separated from British and Spanish rule, the French monarchy toppled, and the world’s wealthiest colony was emancipated. In the new sovereign states, legal equality was introduced, republicanism embraced, and the people began to question the legitimacy of slavery. Revolutions in the Atlantic World wields a comparative lens to reveal several central themes in the field of Atlantic history, from the concept of European empire and the murky position it occupied between the Old and New Worlds to slavery and diasporas. How was the stability of the old regimes undermined? Which mechanisms of successful popular mobilization can be observed? What roles did blacks and Indians play? Drawing on both primary documents and extant secondary literature to answer these questions, Wim Klooster portrays the revolutions as parallel and connected uprisings.

Sommertraum Mit Aussicht

Author: Brenda Bowen
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104034893
Size: 59.72 MB
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Verzauberter August - ein ganzer herrlicher Monat auf einer kleinen Insel in Maine, weit weg von allem Stress. Für diesen Sommertraum mieten vier Frauen, die sich vorher nicht kannten, gemeinsam ein Cottage. Brenda Bowen erzählt in ihrem wunderbar unterhaltsamen Roman von der Magie eines Inselsommers, der Macht der Liebe und dem Mut zur Veränderung. An einem drögen, nasskalten Frühlingstag entdecken Lottie Wilkinson und Rose Arbuthnot gleichzeitig das Inserat für ein Ferienhaus am Schwarzen Brett des Kindergartens. Spontan beschließen sie, es gemeinsam zu mieten, obwohl sich keine von beiden diesen Luxus leisten kann. Sie haben eine Auszeit so dringend nötig, dass sie das Risiko eingehen, sich mit zwei weiteren Gästen das Haus zu teilen. Für vier Wochen kann man schließlich auch mit Fremden auskommen, oder? Was sie nicht ahnen: der Vermieter des Hauses ist nicht nur an den Einnahmen aus der Sommervermietung interessiert. Nach ihrer Ankunft auf der Insel sind sie verzaubert von dem atemberaubenden Blick, der salzigen Seeluft, den langen, trägen Tagen. Losgelöst von ihrem Alltag, erliegen die vier mehr und mehr dem Charme von Little Lost Island, und auch die mitgebrachten Sorgen scheinen sich in der Atlantikfrische aufzulösen - bis Besuch eintrifft. Ein hinreißender, in schöner Landschaft wie unterhaltsamen Verwicklungen schwelgender Roman.