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The Last Day

Author: Nicholas Shrady
Publisher: Penguin Paperbacks
ISBN: 9780143114604
Size: 55.54 MB
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Shrady provides not only a vivid account of the Lisbon earthquake of 1755, but also a stimulating survey of the many shock waves it sent throughout Western civilization.

Forbidden Aesthetics Ethical Justice And Terror In Modern Western Culture

Author: Emmanouil Aretoulakis
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498513131
Size: 13.33 MB
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Most would find it improper, even immoral, to admit to an aesthetic experience of the beautiful in the midst of terror and disaster. In this book, Emmanouil Aretoulakis explores the fascination with terror and human tragedy, which he terms forbiddenaesthetics, through various lenses including Kant’s idea of disinterested judgement of the beautiful and Burke’s concept of delight before real catastrophe.

Three Great Tsunamis Lisbon 1755 Sumatra Andaman 2004 And Japan 2011

Author: Harsh K. Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765762
Size: 15.58 MB
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Tsunamis are primarily caused by earthquakes. Under favourable geological conditions, when a large earthquake occurs below the sea bed and the resultant rupture causes a vertical displacement of the ocean bed, the entire column of water above it is displaced, causing a tsunami. In the ocean, tsunamis do not reach great heights but can travel at velocities of up to 1000 km/hour. As a tsunami reaches shallow sea depths, there is a decrease in its velocity and an increase in its height. Tsunamis are known to have reached heights of several tens of meters and inundate several kilometres inland from the shore. Tsunamis can also be caused by displacement of substantial amounts of water by landslides, volcanic eruptions, glacier calving and rarely by meteorite impacts and nuclear tests in the ocean. In this SpringerBrief, the causes of tsunamis, their intensity and magnitude scales, global distribution and a list of major tsunamis are provided. The three great tsunamis of 1755, 2004 and 2011are presented in detail. The 1755 tsunami caused by the Lisbon earthquake, now estimated to range from Mw 8.5 to 9.0, was the most damaging tsunami ever in the Atlantic ocean. It claimed an estimated 100,000 human lives and caused wide-spread damage. The 2004 Sumatra Andaman Mw 9.1 earthquake and the resultant tsunami were the deadliest ever to hit the globe, claiming over 230,000 human lives and causing wide-spread financial losses in several south and south-east Asian countries. The 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake and the resultant tsunami were a surprise to the seismologists in Japan and around the globe. The height of the tsunami far exceeded the estimated heights. It claimed about 20,000 human lives. The tsunami also caused nuclear accidents. This earthquake has given rise to a global debate on how to estimate the maximum size of an earthquake in a given region and the safety of nuclear power plants in coastal regions. This Brief also includes a description of key components of tsunami warning centres, progress in deploying tsunami watch and warning facilities globally, tsunami advisories and their communication, and the way forward.

Natural Disasters In A Global Environment

Author: Anthony N. Penna
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118327543
Size: 76.61 MB
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Natural Disasters in a Global Environment is a transnational, global and environmental history of natural and man-made disasters. Detailed case studies of past and present events are presented in a historical narrative, making use of the most recent scholarship. Examines a range of disasters including volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, landslides, hurricanes, famines, and more Highlights the role of science in studying natural disasters and describes the mechanisms responsible for them Features a range of case studies which can be used in conjunction with one another or as standalone examples Covers scientific material in a lucid and accessible style suited to undergraduate students or those outside of scientific disciplines Traces the transition of our understanding of disasters, from religious and superstitious explanations to contemporary scientific accounts

Facing Catastrophe

Author: Robert R. M. Verchick
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674047915
Size: 16.22 MB
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In this bold contribution to environmental law, Robert Verchick argues for a new perspective on disaster law that is based on the principles of environmental protection. He contends that government must assume a stronger regulatory role in managing natural infrastructure, distributional fairness, and public risk. Verchick proposes changes to the federal statutes governing environmental impact assessments, wetlands development, air emissions, and flood control, among others. This is a new vision of disaster law for the next generation.

The Transcendental Turn

Author: Sebastian Gardner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191037869
Size: 47.34 MB
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Kant's influence on the history of philosophy is vast and protean. The transcendental turn denotes one of its most important forms, defined by the notion that Kant's deepest insight should not be identified with any specific epistemological or metaphysical doctrine, but rather concerns the fundamental standpoint and terms of reference of philosophical enquiry. To take the transcendental turn is not to endorse any of Kant's specific teachings, but to accept that the Copernican revolution announced in the Preface of the Critique of Pure Reason sets philosophy on a new footing and constitutes the proper starting point of philosophical reflection. The aim of this volume is to map the historical trajectory of transcendental philosophy and the major forms that it has taken. The contributions, from leading contemporary scholars, focus on the question of what the transcendental turn consists in—its motivation, justification, and implications; and the limitations and problems which it arguably confronts—with reference to the relevant major figures in modern philosophy, including Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Wittgenstein. Central themes and topics discussed include the distinction of realism from idealism, the relation of transcendental to absolute idealism, the question of how transcendental conclusions stand in relation to (and whether they can be made compatible with) naturalism, the application of transcendental thought to foundational issues in ethics, and the problematic relation of phenomenology to transcendental enquiry.

Revolutions In The Atlantic World

Author: Wim Klooster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814748268
Size: 24.89 MB
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In the late eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, revolutions transformed the British, French, and Spanish Atlantic worlds. During this time, colonial and indigenous people rioted and rebelled against their occupiers in violent pursuit of political liberty and economic opportunity, challenging time-honored social and political structures on both sides of the Atlantic. As a result, mainland America separated from British and Spanish rule, the French monarchy toppled, and the world’s wealthiest colony was emancipated. In the new sovereign states, legal equality was introduced, republicanism embraced, and the people began to question the legitimacy of slavery. Revolutions in the Atlantic World wields a comparative lens to reveal several central themes in the field of Atlantic history, from the concept of European empire and the murky position it occupied between the Old and New Worlds to slavery and diasporas. How was the stability of the old regimes undermined? Which mechanisms of successful popular mobilization can be observed? What roles did blacks and Indians play? Drawing on both primary documents and extant secondary literature to answer these questions, Wim Klooster portrays the revolutions as parallel and connected uprisings.

Health And Sustainability

Author: Tee L. Guidotti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199325685
Size: 49.50 MB
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Health and sustainability have become ubiquitous topics in all realms of popular discourse. What these discussions often overlook is the fact that the two concepts are interrelated, and that their surrounding policies and practices can often inform and reinforce each other. As sustainability measures are already in place across many levels of government, there is now an opportunity to extend these principles to improve health care and health care policy. Health and Sustainability: An Introduction details how the values of sustainability can be applied to the design of health systems and the delivery of primary care. By providing a practical framework for understanding complicated sustainability problems related to health, the book offers an authoritative resource for understanding: - health and environmental rights - parallels between human toxicology and ecotoxicology - how health promotion strategy can be a template for sustainability - health science and how it can be used to support decisions in health and sustainability - how scientific knowledge is achieved, understood, accepted, and used in health and environmental advocacy, and how this relates to sustainability Students and practitioners in health will benefit from this introduction to sustainability, and those in sustainability and environmental studies will benefit from this application to human health. Health and Sustainability offers a roadmap for successfully integrating these approaches for healthier people and environment.

Author: Anthony Marra
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Ίκαρος
ISBN: 9605721333
Size: 26.71 MB
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Η εξαιρετικά καλογραμμένη συλλογή διηγημάτων του Anthony Marra, σκιαγραφεί μια πλειάδα αξέχαστων χαρακτήρων των οποίων οι ζωές διασταυρώνονται μεταξύ τους με τρόπο σπαραχτικό. Την δεκαετία του 1930 στο Λένινγκραντ, ένας ζωγράφος-διορθωτής επεξεργάζεται επίμαχες φωτογραφίες για λογαριασμό του Κόμματος του Στάλιν, σβήνοντας και αλλοιώνοντας πρόσωπα με τον αερογράφο του. Μαγεμένος από την εικόνα μιας μπαλαρίνας, βρίσκεται κατηγορούμενος για σχέση με την πολωνική κατασκοπεία. Μια ομάδα γυναικών αφηγείται τις ιστορίες της αλλά και αυτές των γιαγιάδων τους, πρώην κρατουμένων της Γκουλάγκ, που εγκαταστάθηκαν σε πόλη ορυχείων της Σιβηρίας. Δύο ζεύγη αδερφών μοιράζονται μια άγρια, προστατευτική αγάπη. Νεαροί άνδρες σε ολόκληρη τη πρώην Σοβιετική Ένωση αντιμετωπίζουν τη βία στο σπίτι και στο στρατόπεδο. Μεγάλες θυσίες γίνονται και στο όνομα ενός πετρελαιοειδούς τοπίου, το οποίο είναι συνηθισμένο εκτός από το σχεδόν ακατανόητο ειρηνικό παρελθόν που απεικονίζει. Ο Τσάρος της αγάπης και της τέκνο, με εκπληκτική πρόζα μιλά για τη ματαιότητα της προσπάθειας να εξαλειφθούν άνθρωποι και γεγονότα, για την ανθρώπινη προσαρμοστικότητα, το παράλογο της ζωής και του πολέμου, αλλά και το πόσο μικρή είναι η ζωή μας σε σχέση με το μέγεθος του σύμπαντος.