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The Legal And Economic Analysis Of The Wto Fta System

Author: Dukgeun Ahn
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814704369
Size: 75.43 MB
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The Legal and Economic Analysis of the WTO/FTA System presents a collation of interdisciplinary studies covering a wide range of issues from WTO dispute settlement issues to trade remedy systems and FTA negotiations. The author applies legal as well as economic rationales and methods to analyze core issues in the world trading system and in doing so, sheds an interesting light on various trade issues. The interdisciplinary analysis on WTO and FTA issues provides a unique opportunity to reconsider many conventional trade topics. For instance, the author shows that third country dumping rarely used in the GATT/WTO system may have a new role with economic incentives in the context of FTAs. Contents:Dispute Settlement in the WTO System:Understanding Non-litigated Disputes in the WTO Dispute Settlement SystemKorea in the GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System: Legal Battle for Economic DevelopmentPractices and Theoretical Foundations of the Trade Remedy System:Alternative Approach to Causation Analysis in Trade Remedy Investigations: 'Cost of Production' TestThird Country Dumping: Origin, Evolution and ProspectRestructuring the WTO Safeguard Mechanism in The WTO Trade Remedy SystemFoe or Friend of GATT Article XXIV: Diversity in Trade Remedy RulesCountervailing Duty against China: Opening a Pandora's Box in the WTO System?United States — Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Shrimp and Diamond Sawblades from China: Never Ending Zeroing in the WTO?International Decisions: United States — Definitive Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Products from ChinaInterrelation between Trade and Finance:Linkages between International Trade and Financial Institutions: IMF, World Bank and WTOWTO Disciplines Under the IMF Program: Congruence or Conflict?Is the Chinese Exchange-rate Regime 'WTO-legal'?Book Review: International Law in Financial Regulation and Monetary AffairsLegal and Economic Analysis of Free Trade Agreements:Dispute Settlement Systems in Asian FTAs: Issues and ProblemsAnalysis of Anti-dumping Use in Free Trade AgreementsLegal Issues for Korea's "Internal Trade" in the WTO System Readership: Researchers, students, and members of the public who are interested in international trade or economic law, international economics and international political economy.

The Political Economy Of Trade Policy

Author: Devashish Mitra
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814569151
Size: 79.67 MB
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The Political Economy of Trade Policy: Theory, Evidence and Applications is a collection of sole-authored and co-authored papers by Devashish Mitra that have been published in various scholarly journals over the last two decades. It covers diverse topics in the political economy of trade policy, ranging from the role of modeling lobby formation in the context of trade policy determination to its applications to the question of unilateralism versus reciprocity and trade agreements. It also includes the theory and the empirics of the choice of policy instruments. Finally, the book presents the empirical investigation of the Grossman-Helpman “Protection for Sale” model as well as the Mayer “Median-Voter” model of trade policy determination.

Nontariff Measures And International Trade

Author: John Christopher Beghin
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813144416
Size: 60.22 MB
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Nontariff Measures and International Trade includes 20 chapters authored by John Beghin and co-authors over the last 20 years on the economics of quality-standard like nontariff measures in the context of international trade. This book provides a coherent and comprehensive treatment of these nontariff measures, from their measurement to their effects on trade and welfare. In Part I, the authors use different perspectives to make the case that, unlike tariffs, quality-standard like nontariff measures are complex to measure and analyze and do not easily lead to general policy prescriptions. Then, Part II contains contributions on measurements of welfare and trade effects of nontariff measures, accounting for potential market imperfections. Part III presents chapters on the potential protectionism of nontariff measures when they are used to favor some economic agents over society. The last part presents cases studies of nontariff measures in different industries, markets, and countries.

Multinational Enterprises And Host Country Development

Author: Holger Görg
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814749230
Size: 25.49 MB
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Multinational Enterprises and Host Country Development is a unique collection of papers looking at different aspects of the link between multinational enterprises and their effects on the host countries' economies. The volume studies effects of multinationals on R&D, innovation, productivity, wages, as well as growth and survival of firms in the host countries, and distinguishes direct and indirect effects through spillovers. All the analyses are conducted using firm level data for countries as diverse as China, Ireland, Sweden, Ghana, the UK or a group of countries in Central and Eastern Europe. This volume is a valuable reading for graduate students and researchers wishing to investigate the impact of multinationals.

Microeconometrics Of International Trade

Author: Joachim Wagner
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981310970X
Size: 65.73 MB
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This volume brings together two comprehensive survey studies of the literature on the microeconometrics of international trade. The chapters apply new empirical methods to the analysis of the links between international trade and various dimensions of firm performance such as productivity, profitability, wages, and survival. The studies also include report results for Germany, one of the leading actors on the world markets for goods and services. Contents:Survey Papers:Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm Level Data (Joachim Wagner)International Trade and Firm Performance: A Survey of Empirical Studies Since 2006 (Joachim Wagner)Characteristics of Exporting and Importing Firms in Germany:Exports and Firm Characteristics in German Manufacturing Industries: New Evidence from Representative Panel Data (Joachim Wagner)Higher Productivity in Importing German Manufacturing Firms: Self-Selection, Learning from Importing or Both? (Alexander Vogel and Joachim Wagner)Exports and Wages:Do Exporters Really Pay Higher Wages? First Evidence from German Linked Employer–Employee Data (Thorsten Schank, Claus Schnabel and Joachim Wagner)Higher Wages in Exporting Firms: Self-Selection, Export Effect, or Both? First Evidence from Linked Employer–Employee Data (Thorsten Schank, Claus Schnabel and Joachim Wagner)International Trade and Profits:Exports and Profitability — First Evidence for German Manufacturing Firms (Helmut Fryges and Joachim Wagner)Exports and Pro?tability — First Evidence for German Business Services Enterprises (Alexander Vogel and Joachim Wagner)Exports, Imports and Profitability: First Evidence for Manufacturing Enterprises (Joachim Wagner)International Trade and Firm Survival:Exports, Imports and Firm Survival: First Evidence for Manufacturing Enterprises in Germany (Joachim Wagner)Risk or Resilience? The Role of Trade Integration and Foreign Ownership for the Survival of German Enterprises During the Crisis 2008–2010 (Joachim Wagner and John P Weche Gelübcke)Credit Constraints and International Trade:Credit Constraints and Exports: A Survey of Empirical Studies Using Firm-Level Data (Joachim Wagner)Credit Constraints and Margins of Import: First Evidence for German Manufacturing Enterprises (Joachim Wagner)Extensive Margins of Exports and Imports:Trading Many Goods with Many Countries: Exporters and Importers from German Manufacturing Industries (Joachim Wagner)Methods of Empirical Analysis of Heterogeneous Exporters and Importers:From Estimation Results to Stylized Facts: Twelve Recommendations for Empirical Research in International Activities of Heterogeneous Firms (Joachim Wagner) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the fields of econometrics and international economics.

Asian Free Trade Agreements And Wto Compatibility

Author: Shintaro Hamanaka
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814460427
Size: 38.22 MB
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It is an appropriate time to rethink the relationship between trade regionalism and multilateralism in the Asian context as we witness the proliferation of free trade agreements (FTAs) in Asia. In the 1980s and 1990s, many scholars and policymakers believed that Asian integration was market-based, rather than legal-based, and that Asian integration would never be codified through agreements. Yet today, there are a large number of FTAs signed and under negotiation in Asia. This book investigates the appropriate relationship between regionalism and multilateralism, with a special reference to recent FTAs in Asia. It is undeniable that past trade multilateralism–regionalism debates centered on the trade-in-goods aspect. However, the majority of recent FTAs in Asia cover issues beyond trade-in-goods and tariff liberalization, such as trade facilitation, services, and economic cooperation. While the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Article XXIV governs regional integration initiatives in trade in goods, there is no (or at most a thin) World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement that stipulates the relationship between regionalism and multilateralism in issue areas other than goods. Thus, this study carefully considers the meaning of “WTO-compatible FTAs” by distinguishing “WTO consistency” and “WTO friendliness”, going beyond GATT Article XXIV debates and proposes a general framework for examining the openness of regionalism in various issue areas by identifying tree-type questions to distinguish several types of exclusiveness. It then specifically asks the following questions: Can Asian FTAs that cover several issues be considered multilateralism friendly? How does the relationship between regionalism and multilateralism differ between trade-in-goods and non-goods issue areas? What are policies that might reduce the exclusiveness of regional initiatives? The study concludes by listing counterintuitive policy suggestions to make FTAs truly WTO compatible. The book also includes a comprehensive list of FTAs in Asia and several WTO Agreements relating to trade regionalism. Contents:Introduction: Conceptualizing the WTO Compatibility of FTAsAnalytical Framework for WTO Friendliness of FTAs: How to Check If They are Real “Friends” of WTO?Free Trade Agreements in Goods: Is Trade Bilateralism in Asia Consistent with WTO Rules and Norms?Regional Approaches to Trade Facilitation: Are Regional Trade Facilitation Measures Discriminatory Against Non-Members?Regional Services Agreements: What is the Value of GATS-Plus Regional Services Commitments?Economic Cooperation Under FTAs: Do FTAs Impose WTO-Plus Technical Assistance Obligations on Members?Conclusion: Counter-Intuitive Policy Implications for WTO-Compatible FTAs Readership: Researchers, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students interested in Free Trade Agreements, World Trade Organization, Regionalism, Trade in Services and Trade Facilitation. Keywords:Free Trade Agreement (FTA);World Trade Organization (WTO);Regionalism;Trade in Services;Trade FacilitationKey Features:Chapters first present the methodology relevant to analyze FTA's WTO compatibility in a particular area and then present case studies of Asian FTAs to examine their WTO compatibility, which is followed by the policy discussions on how to make FTAs more WTO-friendlyThe book is interdisciplinary covering economics, political science and international economic lawAuthored by ADB Economist specializing in FTA issues, the book provides readers with theoretically sound and empirically rich discussion on FTAs. The author knows both theory and practice of FTAs and WTO (served as negotiator at the Japanese Mission to the WTO; involved in the regional economic integration issues at the Office of Regional Economic Integration at ADB)Reviews: “Shintaro Hamanaka has written an interesting and important book on Asian Free Trade Agreements and WTO Compatibility. The first major contribution is to distinguish between the narrowly legal concept of WTO-consistency and the broader concept of WTO-friendliness. That distinction underpins the book's analysis, in which Hamanaka identifies examples of agreements that are WTO-consistent but not in the spirit of the WTO or likely to promote future multilateralism; as he points out, non-violation of rules is not the same as harmony. The book's second major contribution is in-depth analysis of 21st. Century trade agreements in Asia, covered in four substantive chapters on trade in goods, trade facilitation, services agreements, and economic cooperation. The author's detailed knowledge of more than a hundred agreements is used to support analysis in which the big picture is kept impressively in focus.” Prof. Richard Pomfret University of Adelaide

Regulation Of Foreign Investment

Author: Zdenek Drabek
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814401633
Size: 48.72 MB
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The main aim of this book is to assess the importance of international rules for foreign direct investment and the major challenges to international harmonization of those rules. Particular attention is paid to the most controversial and contentious issues with the view of appraising the prospects for establishing global rules. The book is divided into three parts; the first part includes papers assessing the role of national and international legislation with further distinction being made between bilateral, regional and multilateral legal frameworks. The second part addresses regulatory issues of technology transfer, labor, environment, subsidies and investment incentives, national security, public services and sovereign wealth funds. The final part looks at the experience of some international fora in addressing these issues and at some theoretical and conceptual problems of rule harmonization. The papers have been written by legal and economic scholars from leading universities. Contents:Introduction (Zdenek Drabek and Petros C Mavroidis)Regulation of Investment in the Trade Régime: From ITO to WTO (Petros C Mavroidis)Domestic, Regional and Multilateral Investment Liberalization (Jorge A Huerta Goldman)Mode 3 of the GATS: A Model for Disciplining Measures Affecting Investment Flows? (Bart De Meester and Dominic Coppens)Labor Standards and Human Rights: Implications for International Trade and Investment (Drusilla K Brown, Alan V Deardorff and Robert M Stern)Interactions Between Subsidies Regulation and Foreign Investment, and the Primacy of the International Trade Regime (Tomer Broude)Environmental Protection (Daniel M Firger and Michael B Gerrard)Technology Transfer: Regulatory Issues and International Investment Agreements (Keith E Maskus)Sovereign Wealth Funds and Political Risk: New Challenges in the Regulation of Foreign Investment (Victoria Barbary and Bernardo Bortolotti)International Tribunals as Agents of Harmonization (Moshe Hirsch)Foreign Acquisitions and National Security: What are Genuine Threats? Whatare Implausible Worries? (Theodore H Moran)Public Services, Investment Liberalization and Protection (Federico Ortino)The EU Approach to Investment (Americo Beviglia Zampetti and Colin Brown)Harmonization of Rules on Foreign Investment (Zdenek Drabek) Readership: Policy makers, negotiators, business councils, NGOs, legal profession (international trade and investment law), economic profession (academics). Keywords:Harmonization;Regulation;Foreign Investment;International EconomicsKey Features:Treatment of “new generation” issues such as human rights or sovereign wealth fundsTreatment of highly controversial issues of harmonization including subsidies, public services and technology transfer or the actual choice whether to harmonize or notAnalysis provided by top international scholarsReviews: “The remarkable collection of papers assembled by Drabek and Mavoridis succeeds both in identifying and explaining in clear terms the most salient questions in the regulation of foreign investment today… The diversity of themes covered in this book make it essential reading for anyone interested in an accessible overview of the latest developments in the regulation of foreign investment.” J. World Trade Review

Regional Trade Agreements And The Wto Legal System

Author: Lorand Bartels
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199207008
Size: 13.38 MB
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The proliferation of regional trade agreements, including both free trade agreements and customs unions, over the past decade has provoked many new legal issues in WTO law, public international law, and an emerging law of regional trade agreements. The various Parts of this book chart this development from a number of perspectives. Part 1 introduces the economic and political underpinnings of regional trade agreements, their constitutional functions, and their role as a locus for integrating trade and human rights. Part 2 examines the WTO rules governing regional trade agreements, focusing on a number of areas in which regional trade agreements prove problematic, such as trade remedies, regulatory standards and rules of origin. Part 3 investigates areas in which regional trade agreements go beyond WTO rules, in areas such as intellectual property, investment, competition, services, sustainable development and mutual recognition, while Part 4 is devoted to the dispute settlement mechanisms of regional trade agreements, and includes illuminating case studies. Part 5 explores the interrelationship between regional trade agreements and the WTO system from the perspective of public international law, involving questions with significance beyond the trade community.

Economic Diplomacy

Author: Chin L. Lim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814324639
Size: 63.89 MB
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Singapore, a small country with limited resources, has nevertheless played a significant role in regional and global trade negotiations. Its negotiators possess a wealth of knowledge and experiences and yet few have told their story. This book is a collection of sixteen essays by authors who have been closely involved in trade negotiations including GATT/WTO and bilateral free trade agreements. They share their experiences in such negotiations, how they promoted national interests and advanced the global trade agenda. It will appeal to readers who are interested in how international economic diplomacy is conducted, and Singapore's role and perspective as an open trading nation.

Economic Crisis And Rule Reconstruction

Author: Deming Chen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814740969
Size: 43.10 MB
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The 2008 global economic crisis resulted in many new changes in global economic governance, multilateral trading system, the Group20 major economies, regional economic cooperation and other international governance platforms. Countries around the world have begun a complex battle to make sure rules are changed in their favor. Furthermore, rule reconstruction has a definite and profound impact on the international economic situation and national trade interests. This book by Former Chinese Minister of Commerce Chen Deming, aims to highlight the focal issues of the competition and negotiations with a panoramic depiction of the complicated state of international economic and trade rule reconstruction. The chapters in the book discuss rules of global governance, reflect on the crisis rarely seen in the past century, and raise the proposition of rule reconstruction. They also focus on multilateral trading system, regional economic cooperation and related international financial rules. Detailed deliberations on various kinds of trade rules including rules of services trade, government procurement, intellectual property, investment, international development cooperation, etc are also dealt with. Lastly, the book provides an outlook on the path, direction and key issues of international economic rule reconstruction, and offers recommendations on China's engagement.