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The Management Of Public Services In Central Asia

Author: David Scott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317290135
Size: 19.26 MB
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The ending of the Soviet Union in 1991 had a major political and economic impact on Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan was one of the most severely affected countries, suffering a deeper recession than the other republics. During the first five or six years Kyrgyzstan followed the advice of the International Monetary Fund and was considered a model of both economic and political reform. This book analyses the ability of the newly independent government in Kyrgyzstan to create a realistic national vision, prepare a strategy, organise and control its public services to deliver the desired result. Covering a fifteen year period and using the case study of the educational sector – which declined even though the economic situation in Kyrgyzstan improved – the author throws light on many other aspects of a country in transition, in particular, on strategy, implementation and outcomes. Comparisons with other sectors such as roads and pensions, and in particular the health care sector are presented. A multifaceted approach using case studies, phenomenology, interviews, historical and comparative analyses offers a more complete picture of national management of public service and the structure of government administration. The book also investigates the contribution made by the international aid organisations. A detailed study of institutional transformation in Kyrgyzstan, this book is of interest to academics studying former socialist countries in transition, the history of the Soviet Union and Central Asian studies in general.

Eurasia And India

Author: K. Warikoo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351691953
Size: 45.66 MB
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Eurasia has assumed importance in the post-Soviet period and the peoples of Siberia have distinctive historico-cultural similarities with the Indian Himalayas due to common traditions and Buddhist culture. The Eurasianism of Russia brings it closer to India in historico-cultural, political and economic terms. Another important player in Eurasia is Kazakhstan, which has been highlighting the importance of Eurasianism. These relations provide an opportunity for India to engage in collaborative endeavours with the Eurasian countries. This book provides detailed analyses on the historico-cultural linkages between Eurasia (Buryatia, Khakassia ,Tuva and Altai Republics of Russian Federation) and India through history. It also examines the process of the revival of indigenous traditions in the region in the post-Soviet period, the importance of the Eurasian vector in Russian and Kazakhstan’s foreign policy and the development of the Eurasian Economic Union and the implications this will have for India. Eminent academics and area specialists from Buryatia, Altai, Khakassia, Moscow, Kazakhstan and India have contributed to this book which provides a first hand view of the linkages between India and the Siberian region of India. Eurasia and India also includes rare photographs of the traces of Indian culture in Siberia. Offering a new understanding of the significant and strategic Indian ties to Eurasian states, this book will be of interest to academics studying Eurasian and Central Asian society and geopolitics, International Relations and South and Central Asian Studies.

Globalizing Central Asia

Author: Marlene Laruelle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131746964X
Size: 21.10 MB
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In this global era, Central Asia must be understood in both geo-economic and geopolitical terms. The region's natural resources compel the attention of rivalrous great powers and ambitious internal factions. The local regimes are caught between the need for international collaborations to valorize these riches and the need to maintain control over them in the interest of state sovereignty. Russia and China dominate the horizon, with other global players close behind; meanwhile, neighboring countries are fractious and unstable with real potential for contagion. This pathbreaking introduction to Central Asia in contemporary international economic and political context answers the needs of both academic and professional audiences and is suitable for course adoption.

Central Asia 2050

Author: Rajat M Nag
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9386446456
Size: 72.32 MB
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An ancient land, Central Asia occupies a geostrategically critical place at the heart of Eurasia, bridging the vast continental space that is Europe and Asia. Central Asia today faces great opportunities as well as daunting challenges. The principal message of this book is that the region has significant potential and a unique opportunity to accelerate its economic and social development. A major lesson for the future from Central Asians’ past is that they thrived most when they were open to the world and to each other in terms of trade, investment, and bold thought, with a commitment to intellectual and religious pluralism and tolerance. The book articulates an aspirational vision for 2050. Under this vision, the region will have achieved widespread prosperity such that by 2050, a vast majority of Central Asians will be middle class with commensurate income and quality of life. Social, institutional, and governance indicators will have improved in tandem and reached at least the level of South Korea and Central Europe today. No doubt, Central Asia will face many challenges: as individual countries and as a region. However, challenges also represent opportunities. The book identifies several of these in specific areas, including the efficient development of the energy and agriculture sectors; developing modern manufacturing and service industries that are well integrated into global supply chains; fostering inclusive human development; mitigating and adapting to climate change; integrating with global and regional markets; and improving governance and institutions. A particular challenge, cutting across all others, is how Central Asia manages its increasingly scarce and critical water resources. Achieving the ambitious aspirational Vision 2050 is plausible, though by no means pre-ordained. Many of the policy and institutional reforms noted in this book will not come easy and take time to design and implement. Regional leaders, individually and collectively, will need to pursue them with a sense of commitment and urgency.

Eastern Europe Russia And Central Asia

Author: 2001/ 1st
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781857430912
Size: 15.47 MB
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This first edition of Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia is an impartial, up-to-date survey on the countries and territories that make up the region. Details are provided on, the history, geography and economics of the following countries: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Moldova; the Russian Federation; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan. This reference is an invaluable guide to the region as a whole and, as such, is an asset to academics, students, researchers, academic and business libraries, international organizations, companies looking for new business, government departments, embassies, the media and the political scientist with a regional interest.

Public Expenditure Review Of Armenia

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821355848
Size: 51.38 MB
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This, the first full-scale World Bank Public Expenditure Review for Armenia, reviews the main fiscal trends in Armenia for the period of 1997-2001 and develops recommendations with respect to further fiscal adjustment, expenditure prioritization, and budget consolidation. The analysis focuses on the following core issues: Sustainability of fiscal adjustment, fiscal transparency, expenditure priorities, and short-term expenditure management given the existing economy-wide institutional constraints.This study covers extra-budgetary funds, in-kind external grants, subsidies provided by the state-owned companies in the energy and utility sectors, and operation of the Social Insurance Fund, as well as regular budgetary spending. It suggests a medium-term action plan to address identified weaknesses. Sector chapters review health, education, and social protection and insurance. The report also analyzes budget support for core public infrastructure, and Armenia's public investment program.

Islam Und Kirgisen On Tour

Author: Till Mostowlansky
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447055833
Size: 40.27 MB
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Der Themenkomplex "Islam und Kirgisen" wurde in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur bislang wenig beachtet und vorhandene Studien entstanden zumeist in einem russischkolonialen oder sowjetischen Kontext. In diesem Band werden die Diskurse zum "kirgisischen Islam" vom 19. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart untersucht. Im Mittelpunkt steht nicht nur eine wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Analyse der Schriften fruher Forschungsreisender bis hin zur zeitgenossischen ethnologischen und orientalistischen Forschung, sondern auch die Wirkung, welche die entsprechenden Positionen in der unabhangigen Republik Kirgistan entfalten. Dabei ist auffallig, dass viele Merkmale des "kirgisischen Islam" in unmittelbarer Abhangigkeit von der ehemals nomadischen Lebensweise der Kirgisen behandelt wurden. Die europaische Wahrnehmung des Nomadentums und "nomadischer Religion" sowie ihre Rezeption stellen somit ebenfalls einen Untersuchungsgegenstand dar.

Public Ends Private Means

Author: Alexander S. Preker
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821365472
Size: 30.86 MB
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Great progress has been made in recent years in securing better access and financial protection against the cost of illness through collective financing of health care. Managing scarce resources effectively and efficiently is an important part of this story. Experience has shown that, without strategic policies and focused spending, the poor are likely to get left out. The use of purchasing to enhance public sector performance is well-documented in other sectors. Extension to the health sector of lessons from this experience is now successfully implemented in many developing countries. 'Public Ends, Private Means: Strategic Purchasing of Value for Money in Health Services' is part of a series of World Bank publications on ways to make public spending on health care more efficient and equitable in developing countries. It reviews the underlying economics in terms of agency theory, behavioral science, contract theory, transaction costs, and public choice theory. It provides a synthesis of the institutional environment needed for countries to shift to strategic purchasing, organizational incentives that need to be in place, and management capacity that needs to be strengthened. The volume is supplemented with a CD that presents six regional reviews of current resource allocation and purchasing (RAP) arrangements.