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The Materials Science Of Semiconductors

Author: Angus Rockett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387686509
Size: 70.97 MB
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This book describes semiconductors from a materials science perspective rather than from condensed matter physics or electrical engineering viewpoints. It includes discussion of current approaches to organic materials for electronic devices. It further describes the fundamental aspects of thin film nucleation and growth, and the most common physical and chemical vapor deposition techniques. Examples of the application of the concepts in each chapter to specific problems or situations are included, along with recommended readings and homework problems.

Physics And Properties Of Narrow Gap Semiconductors

Author: Junhao Chu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387748016
Size: 21.36 MB
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Narrow gap semiconductors are the most important materials for the preparation of advanced modern infrared systems. They often operate at the extremes of the rules of semiconductor science. This book offers clear descriptions of crystal growth and the fundamental structure and properties of these unique materials. Topics covered include band structure, optical and transport properties, and lattice vibrations and spectra. A thorough treatment of the properties of low-dimensional systems and their relation to infrared applications is provided.

Survey Of Semiconductor Physics Electronic Transport In Semiconductors

Author: Karl W. Böer
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9780471202783
Size: 48.56 MB
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A comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of semiconductor physics and materials science. The first edition of the Survey of Semiconductor Physics set the standard for the multifaceted exploration of semiconductor physics. Now, Dr. Karl B?er, one of the world's leading experts in solid-state physics, with assistance from a team of the fields top researchers, expands this coverage in the Second Edition. Completely updated and substantially expanded, the Survey of Semiconductor Physics, Second Edition covers the basic elements in the entire field of semiconductor physics, emphasizing the materials and surface science involved. The Second Edition uses similar theoretical approaches and analyses for the basic material classes: crystalline, amorphous, quantum structures, and organics. The first volume provides thorough coverage of the structure of semiconductors, including: Phonons Energy bands Photons as they interact with the semiconductor and other particles Defects Generation and recombination Kinetics Part I of the Volume 2 begins with a thorough treatment of the carrier transport in homogeneous semiconductors, creating the context for the studies of inhomogeneous semiconductors that consume the majority of the text. The editors' primary concerns are the effects and implications of surfaces, interfaces, inhomogeneous doping, and space charges upon the electronic transport. Part II provides a general overview of the types of abrupt material inhomogeneities that are produced by interfaces and surfaces. Part III presents a detailed mathematical analysis of the interrelation between space charges, fields, and carrier transport, applying these calculations to a wide array of specific examples. Returning to his stated emphasis on practical application, B?er then focuses on the material preparations that are essential to produce semiconductor devices in Part IV and examines two specific examples of semiconductors-solar cells and light-emitting diodes-in Part V. In both volumes, extensive appendices simplify searches for important formulae and tables. An elaborate word index and reference listings allow readers to use the reference in multiple ways to discover expanding literature; to explore similarities and connecting principles in other fields; to find out how others in adjacent fields came up with intriguing solutions to similar problems; and to obtain a broad overview of the entire field of semiconductor physics.

Materialwissenschaften Und Werkstofftechnik

Author: William D. Callister
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527330070
Size: 26.89 MB
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Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Spontaneous Ordering In Semiconductor Alloys

Author: Angelo Mascarenhas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146150631X
Size: 75.68 MB
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The phenomenonofspontaneous ordering in semiconductoralloys, which can be categorized as a self-organized process, is observed to occur sponta neously during epitaxial growth of certain ternary alloy semiconductors and results in a modification of their structural, electronic, and optical properties. There has been a great dealofinterest in learning how to control this phenome non so that it may be used for tailoring desirable electronic and optical properties. There has been even greater interest in exploiting the phenomenon for its unique ability in providing an experimental environment of controlled alloy statistical fluctuations. As such, itimpacts areasofsemiconductorscience and technology related to the materials science ofepitaxial growth, statistical mechanics, and electronic structure of alloys and electronic and photonic devices. During the past two decades, significant progress has been made toward understanding the mechanisms that drive this phenomenon and the changes in physical properties that result from it. A variety of experimental techniques have been used to probe the phenomenon and several attempts made atproviding theoretical models both for the ordering mechanisms as well as electronic structure changes. The various chapters of this book provide a detailed account of these efforts during the past decade. The first chapter provides an elaborate account of the phenomenon, with an excellent perspective of the structural and elec tronic modifications itinduces.

Electronic Materials Science

Author: Eugene A. Irene
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471711636
Size: 58.81 MB
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A thorough introduction to fundamental principles andapplications From its beginnings in metallurgy and ceramics, materials sciencenow encompasses such high- tech fields as microelectronics,polymers, biomaterials, and nanotechnology. Electronic MaterialsScience presents the fundamentals of the subject in a detailedfashion for a multidisciplinary audience. Offering a higher-leveltreatment than an undergraduate textbook provides, this textbenefits students and practitioners not only in electronics andoptical materials science, but also in additional cutting-edgefields like polymers and biomaterials. Readers with a basic understanding of physical chemistry or physicswill appreciate the text's sophisticated presentation of today'smaterials science. Instructive derivations of important formulae,usually omitted in an introductory text, are included here. Thisfeature offers a useful glimpse into the foundations of how thediscipline understands such topics as defects, phase equilibria,and mechanical properties. Additionally, concepts such asreciprocal space, electron energy band theory, and thermodynamicsenter the discussion earlier and in a more robust fashion than inother texts. Electronic Materials Science also features: * An orientation towards industry and academia drawn from theauthor's experience in both arenas * Information on applications in semiconductors, optoelectronics,photocells, and nanoelectronics * Problem sets and important references throughout * Flexibility for various pedagogical needs Treating the subject with more depth than any other introductorytext, Electronic Materials Science prepares graduate andupper-level undergraduate students for advanced topics in thediscipline and gives scientists in associated disciplines a clearreview of the field and its leading technologies.

Engineering Materials Science

Author: Milton Ohring
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080505695
Size: 35.60 MB
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Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure-property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text. The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press). Key Features * Provides a modern treatment of materials exposing the interrelated themes of structure, properties, processing, and performance * Includes an interactive, computationally oriented, computer disk containing nine modules dealing with structure, phase diagrams, diffusion, and mechanical and electronic properties * Fundamentals are stressed * Of particular interest to students, researchers, and professionals in the field of electronic engineering

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science And Technology

Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080932282
Size: 27.44 MB
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Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts