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The Measurement Of Environmental And Resource Values

Author: A. Myrick Freeman III
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317703928
Size: 34.86 MB
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The first edition of this important work was the winner of the 2002 Publication of Enduring Quality award by the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. The continuing premise for the book is that estimates of the economic values of environmental and natural resource services are essential for effective policy-making. As previous editions, the third edition, which includes two additional co-authors, presents a comprehensive treatment of the theory and methods involved in estimating environmental benefits. Researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners will welcome the work as an up-to-date reference on recent developments. Students will gain a better understanding of the contribution that economics as a discipline can make to decisions concerning pollution control and human health, recreation, environmental amenities, and other critical issues concerning the way we use and interact with environmental and natural resource systems. To reflect recent progress in both the theory and practice of non-market valuation, the third edition includes more details on empirical approaches to measurement, expanded discussion of the reasons for divergence between "willingness to pay" and "willingness to accept compensation," and increased coverage of econometric issues encountered in estimation. In keeping with its cutting edge orientation, it also includes more discussion of survey design, equilibrium sorting models, and the implications of behavioral economics for welfare measurements and benefit cost analysis.

The Measurement Of Environmental And Resource Values

Author: A. Myrick Freeman
Publisher: Resources for the Future
ISBN: 9781891853623
Size: 54.65 MB
Format: PDF
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The premise of this award-winning book is that estimates of the economic values of environmental and natural resource services are essential tools for effective policymaking. Freeman presents a comprehensive, rigorous treatment of benefit measurement, providing an introduction to the principal methods and techniques of resource and environmental valuation for professional economists and graduate students who are not directly engaged in the field. Features of the new edition include a reworking of the chapter on stated preference methods of valuation and new sections on topics in the valuation of effects on human health, the valuation of ecosystem functions and services, and benefits transfer. It targets several of the important advances since 1993 and integrates them within the basic framework of the first edition. Rick Freeman maintains the accessibility of the first edition while enhancing its relevance to current practice. Scholars and policymakers will welcome the work as an up-to-date reference on recent developments. Students and general readers will gain a better understanding of the contribution that economics as a discipline can make to decisions about pollution control and human health, the recreational use of rivers and forests, urban amenities, and other critical issues concerning the way we use and interact with environmental and natural resource systems.

The Amenity Value Of The Global Climate

Author: David Maddison
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781853836770
Size: 53.82 MB
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This book develops and applies a far-reaching account of the economic value of climate, derived from its 'amenity value', or, the benefits which a particular climate provides to the people of that region or country. As climate change moves higher on the economic and policy agendas, reliable measures of the benefits and costs of specific climates, and of changes to them, become ever more critical. Detailed studies of a range of countries, including Britain, the US, India and Russia, show that the mobility of the population is crucial. When individuals are able to move, the amenity value of the climate is reflected in land prices and wage rates. Without mobility, amenity values emerge in patterns of purchasing, either to compensate for the disadvantages of the climate or to make best use of it. Indices are generated for the cost of living as a function of climate variables, and optimal climates are identified to determine who wins and who loses from climate change. Among other applications, the book also demonstrates how the value of climate for agriculture can be derived from agricultural land prices and how much of the value of climate change can be calculated from its consequences for tourism. This volume is a significant contribution to environmental economics. Its practical and policy implications offer a basis for valuing the consequences of climate change.

The Ecology Of Agricultural Landscapes

Author: Stephen K. Hamilton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190266767
Size: 67.89 MB
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Evidence has been mounting for some time that intensive row-crop agriculture as practiced in developed countries may not be environmentally sustainable, with concerns increasingly being raised about climate change, implications for water quantity and quality, and soil degradation. This volume synthesizes two decades of research on the sustainability of temperate, row-crop ecosystems of the Midwestern United States. The overarching hypothesis guiding this work has been that more biologically based management practices could greatly reduce negative impacts while maintaining sufficient productivity to meet demands for food, fiber and fuel, but that roadblocks to their adoption persist because we lack a comprehensive understanding of their benefits and drawbacks. The research behind this book, based at the Kellogg Biological Station (Michigan State University) and conducted under the aegis of the Long-term Ecological Research network, is structured on a foundation of large-scale field experiments that explore alternatives to conventional, chemical-intensive agriculture. Studies have explored the biophysical underpinnings of crop productivity, the interactions of crop ecosystems with the hydrology and biodiversity of the broader landscapes in which they lie, farmers' views about alternative practices, economic valuation of ecosystem services, and global impacts such as greenhouse gas exchanges with the atmosphere. In contrast to most research projects, the long-term design of this research enables identification of slow or delayed processes of change in response to management regimes, and allows examination of responses across a broader range of climatic variability. This volume synthesizes this comprehensive inquiry into the ecology of alternative cropping systems, identifying future steps needed on the path to sustainability.

Tourism Recreation And Regional Development

Author: Jean-Christophe Dissart
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472416244
Size: 60.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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What factors contribute to tourism and recreation development? How can we characterise stakeholder rationales and organisation modes to enhance tourism resources and foster tourism and recreation services? To what extent do tourism and recreation contribute to regional development? What changes are taking place in terms of new destinations, stakeholders, policy objectives? Bringing together scholars from the fields of planning, economics, sociology, management studies and geography, this book examines cross-cutting issues in tourism and recreation with the aim of developing an extended view of leisure time. Focusing mainly on France with comparison to the experience of Northern and Southern European countries and North America, it combines a diverse range of case studies to address issues such as contrasting rural dynamics, changing public policies, sustainable development imperatives, evolving user behaviour and increasingly diverse recreation activities and stakeholder organisation. Specific topics are highlighted, such as the role of social capital or culture as factors of recreation development; resort organisation from international and experience-based perspectives; and the usefulness of the capability approach to evaluate tourism impacts on local development. Emphasising policy recommendations to help public or collective action on the issues and presenting emerging trends in the field, this book should be of interest to students, scholars and stakeholders in tourism/recreation planning and management.

Sustainable Development Science Ethics And Public Policy

Author: J. Lemons
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401584923
Size: 63.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Of all the books written about the problems of sustainable development and environmental protection, Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy is one of the first to examine the role of science, economics and law, and ethics as generally applied to decision making on sustainable development, particularly in respect to the recommendations contained in Agenda 21. Specifically, the book examines the role, capabilities, and certain strengths and weaknesses of these disciplines and their ethical implications in the context of sustainable development problems. Such an analysis is necessary to determine whether sustainable development problems create important new challenges and problems for government so that, where appropriate, new tools or approaches may be designed to overcome limitations or take advantage of the strengths of current scientific, economic and legal capabilities. Audience: Environmental professionals, whether academic, governmental or industrial, or in the private consultancy sector. Also suitable as an upper level text or reference.

The Contingent Valuation Of Environmental Resources

Author: David J. Bjornstad
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN:
Size: 13.43 MB
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Contingent valuation analysis is both a difficult and controversial means of environmental resource valuation. Yet many economists regard it as the only valid means of measuring values in environmental policy. This major new book features papers examining the current state-of-the-art-in the valuation of environmental resources and, in particular, the meaningfulness of environmental resource values obtained through the contingent valuation method. An internationally prominent group of scholars develops a fuller understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the methodology and discusses a research agenda to improve estimates of environmental resource values. Economic valuation obtained through the survey measurement of consumer preferences is central to their discussion. The authors describe how practitioners, critics, and users of contingent valuation have framed the fundamental issues that must be solved if the approach is to gain wider acceptance. The current state-of-the-art is outlined in a series of core papers and then debated in discussion papers. Issues covered include the need for a broad perspective in valuation research, support for replication studies, the relationship between survey structure and survey responses, the processes by which environmental resources affect individual well-being, specific issues regarding environmental goods in surveys, and better tests of internal and external validity.