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The Metaphorical Society

Author: Daniel Rigney
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461644801
Size: 15.74 MB
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Over decades and centuries, Rigney here argues, social theorists have variously likened societies to organisms and living systems, to machines, battlefields, legal systems, marketplaces, games, theatrical productions, and discourses. Most interestingly, Rigney deftly shows how nearly all Western social theories fit with one or more of the metaphors. He emphasizes a humanistic understanding of society with an emphasis on the creative agency of social actors and communities. The book offers students a rich understanding of social theory, yet it is simultaneously concise and broad ranging, allowing instructors to further pursue detailed exploration of any perspectives they choose.

Zellen Wellen Systeme

Author: Julian Bauer
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161546792
Size: 56.18 MB
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English summary: Julian Bauer charts the intellectual and visual culture of systems thinking between 1880 and 1980 German description: Die Geschichte der Systemtheorie beginnt nicht erst in der Nachkriegszeit des 20. Jahrhunderts unter dem aufsteigenden Leitstern der Kybernetik, sondern im spaten 19. Jahrhundert mit der weithin vergessenen organismischen Soziologie. Denkern wie Talcott Parsons oder Niklas Luhmann kann man allerdings kaum nur durch eine derart schlichte Ruckfuhrung gerecht werden. Um der breiten Fundierung ihrer Theoreme auf die Spur zu kommen, skizziert Julian Bauer die vielen Entstehungsherde systemischer Ideen. Die Mehrschichtigkeit einer Theoriebildung, die sich selber ruhmt, traditionelle binare Beobachtungsschemata sowie die engen Schranken disziplinar bestimmter Arbeitsweisen hinter sich zu lassen, kann man indes nur rekonstruieren, wenn man die Leitunterscheidungen dieser Theorietradition provinzialisiert. Julian Bauer wirft hier einen dezentrierten Blick auf die intellektuelle und visuelle Kultur systemischen Denkens zwischen 1880 und 1980.

Metaphern Soziologischer Zeitdiagnosen

Author: Matthias Junge
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658070803
Size: 49.33 MB
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Im vorliegenden Band steht die Annäherung an die Bedeutung der Metaphorik von und in ausgewählten Zeitdiagnosen mit einem genuinen soziologischen Zugang im Mittelpunkt. Zeitdiagnosen verwenden Metaphern, um ihren Aussagen Wirksamkeit zu verschaffen. Sie bündeln ihren Hauptbefund häufig bereits in der Verwendung eines metaphorischen Titels. Er bildet damit eine Grundlage für eine Kennbezeichnung der damit angesprochenen Zeitdiagnose durch einen einzigen Begriff. Bereits Nietzsche wies jedoch darauf hin, dass „der“ Begriff sich zuletzt als „Residuum der Metapher“ erweist. Die begriffliche Zuspitzung einer Zeitdiagnose ist daher zuerst als Metapher zu verstehen. In und hinter einer gewählten (Leit-)Metaphorik verbirgt sich das Gemeinte wie auch das Unintendierte einer auf „ihren Begriff“ gebrachten Diagnose.

An Introduction To Using Theory In Social Work Practice

Author: James A. Forte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317929535
Size: 60.35 MB
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An Introduction to Using Theory in Social Work Practice equips the reader to use fourteen key social work theories to guide each phase of the planned change process, from engagement through to evaluation. Suitable for a generalist approach, this book illustrates the value of applying theory to practice in a variety of social work roles, across diverse fields and facing assorted challenges. The first section provides a practical foundation for beginning to use theory in your social work practice. Section two looks at how you can translate and integrate fourteen theories commonly found in social work across each phase of the planned change process. The theories discussed are: behavioural, interpretive anthropology, psychodynamic, evolutionary biology, cognitive, symbolic interactionism, strengths, social constructionism exchange economics, role, ecological, critical, feminist, and systems theory. The final section addresses some key issues for real life social work practice, including common barriers to using theory in practice, the potential for multi-professional communication and theory-sharing, and developing an integrative theoretical model for your own personal practice. Linking to core competencies identified by the Council of Social Work Education, this text supports social work students and practitioners in developing vital skills, including critical thinking, applying theory and the effective use of the planned change process.

Sourcebook Of Family Theory And Research

Author: Vern L. Bengtson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452279101
Size: 33.84 MB
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Sponsored by the National Council on Family Relations, the Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research is the reference work on theory and methods for family scholars and students around the world. This volume provides a diverse, eclectic, and paradoxically mature approach to theorizing and demonstrates how the development of theory is crucial to the future of family research. The Sourcebook reflects an interactive approach that focuses on the process of theory building and designing research, thereby engaging readers in "doing" theory rather than simply reading about it. An accompanying Web site, http://www.ncfr.org/sourcebook, offers additional participation and interaction in the process of doing theory and making science.

The Matthew Effect

Author: Daniel Rigney
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520409
Size: 79.91 MB
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The old saying does often seem to hold true: the rich get richer while the poor get poorer, creating a widening gap between those who have more and those who have less. The sociologist Robert K. Merton called this phenomenon the Matthew effect, named after a passage in the gospel of Matthew. Yet the more closely we examine the sociological effects of this principle, the more complicated the idea becomes. Initial advantage doesn't always lead to further advantage, and disadvantage doesn't necessarily translate into failure. Does this theory need to be revisited? Merton's arguments have significant implications for our conceptions of equality and justice, and they challenge our beliefs about culture, education, and public policy. His hypothesis has been examined across a variety of social arenas, including science, technology, politics, and schooling, to see if, in fact, advantage begets further advantage. Daniel Rigney is the first to evaluate Merton's theory of cumulative advantage extensively, considering both the conditions that uphold the Matthew effect and the circumstances that cause it to fail. He explores whether growing inequality is beyond human control or disparity is socially constructed and subject to change. Reexamining our core assumptions about society, Rigney causes us to rethink the sources of inequity.

The Community Of The Weak

Author: Hans-Peter Geiser
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621896110
Size: 39.35 MB
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Annotation Social postmodernism and systematic theology can be considered the new pair in some of the most creative discussions on the future of theological method on a global scale. Both in the academy and in the public square, as well as in the manifold local and pastoral moments of ministry and community social activism, the social, the postmodern, and the theological intermingle in engaging and border-crossing ways. The Community of the Weak presents a new kind of fundamental theology with a postmodern touch, using jazz as a metaphor, writing ethnographically out of the personal windows of lived experiences, combining fragments of autobiography with theological reconstruction. A comparative perspective on North American and European developments in contemporary systematic theology serves as a hermeneutical horizon to juxtapose two continents in their very different contexts. The author proposes a systematic and fundamental theology that is more jazzy, global, and narrative, deeply embedded in pastoral ministry to tell its postmodern story. Book jacket.

An Invitation To Environmental Sociology

Author: Michael Bell
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 9780761987758
Size: 54.97 MB
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Author Michael Mayerfeld Bell uses a lively, personal writing style to take readers on a series of field trips through the vast landscape of environmental sociology. The Second Edition of An Invitation to Environmental Sociology analyzes the relevance of social theory with a social, community perspective for resolving the practical issues of our environmental problems. The author explores three elements of environmental sociology - the material, the ideal, and the practical. In order to unite these three topics, the book examines the interplay of material and ideal factors through the central concept of "ecological dialogue."

The Thaw

Author: Denis Kozlov
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442618957
Size: 24.45 MB
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The period from Stalin’s death in 1953 to the end of the 1960s marked a crucial epoch in Soviet history. Though not overtly revolutionary, this era produced significant shifts in policies, ideas, language, artistic practices, daily behaviours, and material life. It was also during this time that social, cultural, and intellectual processes in the USSR began to parallel those in the West (and particularly in Europe) as never before. This volume examines in fascinating detail the various facets of Soviet life during the 1950s and 1960s, a period termed the ‘Thaw.’ Featuring innovative research by historical, literary, and film scholars from across the world, this book helps to answer fundamental questions about the nature and ultimate fortune of the Soviet order – both in its internal dynamics and in its long-term and global perspectives.

Making Sense Making Worlds

Author: Nicholas Onuf
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136219463
Size: 19.43 MB
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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.