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The Missouri Compromise And Its Aftermath

Author: Robert Pierce Forbes
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807877586
Size: 35.95 MB
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Robert Pierce Forbes goes behind the scenes of the crucial Missouri Compromise, the most important sectional crisis before the Civil War, to reveal the high-level deal-making, diplomacy, and deception that defused the crisis, including the central, unexpected role of President James Monroe. Although Missouri was allowed to join the union with slavery, the compromise in fact closed off nearly all remaining federal territories to slavery. When Congressman James Tallmadge of New York proposed barring slavery from the new state of Missouri, he sparked the most candid discussion of slavery ever held in Congress. The southern response quenched the surge of nationalism and confidence following the War of 1812 and inaugurated a new politics of racism and reaction. The South's rigidity on slavery made it an alluring electoral target for master political strategist Martin Van Buren, who emerged as the key architect of a new Democratic Party explicitly designed to mobilize southern unity and neutralize antislavery sentiment. Forbes's analysis reveals a surprising national consensus against slavery a generation before the Civil War, which was fractured by the controversy over Missouri.

The Missouri Compromise And Its Aftermath

Author: Robert Pierce Forbes
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1458721701
Size: 26.74 MB
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As a key to understanding the meaning of slavery in America, the Missouri controversy of 1819-21 is probably our most valuable text. The heat of sectional rhetoric during the Missouri debates reached a level never exceeded, and rarely matched, until the secession crisis of 1860. Moreover, nearly all the arguments for and against slavery in America were advanced at this time (with revealing exceptions, as we shall see). The Missouri Compromise is said to have settled the slavery question for a generation; its repeal, in 1854, triggered the final stage of the sectional crisis, prompted the establishment of the Republican Party, and impelled the return to politics of Abraham Lincoln. It merits a heading in every American history textbook. ----Introduction

Underground Railroad

Author: Colson Whitehead
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446257748
Size: 36.69 MB
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Cora ist nur eine von unzähligen Schwarzen, die auf den Baumwollplantagen Georgias schlimmer als Tiere behandelt werden. Alle träumen von der Flucht – doch wie und wohin? Da hört Cora von der Underground Railroad, einem geheimen Fluchtnetzwerk für Sklaven. Über eine Falltür gelangt sie in den Untergrund und es beginnt eine atemberaubende Reise, auf der sie Leichendieben, Kopfgeldjägern, obskuren Ärzten, aber auch heldenhaften Bahnhofswärtern begegnet. Jeder Staat, den sie durchquert, hat andere Gesetze, andere Gefahren. Wartet am Ende wirklich die Freiheit? Colson Whiteheads Roman ist eine virtuose Abrechnung damit, was es bedeutete und immer noch bedeutet, schwarz zu sein in Amerika.

Mason Dixon

Author: Thomas Pynchon
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644053316
Size: 33.50 MB
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Die Briten Charles Mason und Jeremiah Dixon, ein Astronom und ein Landvermesser, nehmen uns mit auf eine Grand Tour durch die dunklen Gefilde der Aufklärung im 18. Jahrhundert, von ihrer ersten gemeinsamen Expedition ans Kap der Guten Hoffnung ins vorrevolutionäre Amerika und wieder zurück nach England. Wir begegnen Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, einem chinesischen Feng-Shui-Meister, einem sprechenden Hund und einem Enten-Automaten. «Man liest und liest, stößt auf Stellen, Episoden und Sentenzen, bei denen einem der Mund offen stehen bleibt.» (Die Zeit) «Ein Roman wie eine gewaltige Symphonie aus der Neuen Welt, und ein Sprachkunstwerk von einem ganz Großen der US-Literatur.» (Stern)

Zerbrochenes Glas

Author: John Inman
Publisher: Dreamspinner Press
ISBN: 1640805540
Size: 29.51 MB
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Im Alter von sechsundzwanzig Jahren geht Gordon Stafford davon aus, dass seine Tage gezählt sind. Zumindest hofft er das. Vor zwei Jahren kam durch seine Schuld bei einem Autounfall ein Mann ums Leben. Seither plagen ihn Schuldgefühle und Selbstmordgedanken. Dann bewahrt ihn Squirt – ein Obdachloser, der sein eigenes Päckchen zu tragen hat – vor einem schrecklichen Schicksal. Über Nacht findet Gordon nicht nur ein neues Licht, dem er folgen kann und vielleicht sogar den Mut, zu leben, sondern er begreift auch, dass vielleicht am Ende des Tunnels die Liebe auf ihn wartet. Gordon hätte nie gedacht, dass er einen Weg finden würde, sich selbst zu vergeben. Doch indem er das tut, öffnet er sein Herz – für die Liebe eines Mannes, den er am meisten verletzt hat.

Nationalism

Author: Richard Allen Sauers
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438131682
Size: 48.44 MB
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Uses alphabetical entries to discuss the concept of nationalism and examine its growth, and manifestations in American life.

Wolf By The Ears

Author: John R. Van Atta
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421416530
Size: 63.56 MB
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From the early days of the republic, American leaders knew that an unpredictable time bomb—the question of slavery—lay at the heart of national politics. An implicit understanding between North and South helped to keep the issue at bay: northern states, where slavery had been set on course for extinction via gradual emancipation, tacitly agreed to respect the property rights of southern slaveholders; in return, southerners essentially promised to view slaveholding as a practical evil and look for ways to get rid of it. By 1819–1820, however, westward expansion had brought the matter to a head. As Thomas Jefferson wrote at the time, a nation dealing with the politically implacable issue of slavery essentially held the "wolf" by the ears—and could neither let go nor hang on forever. In Wolf by the Ears, John R. Van Atta discusses how the sectional conflict that led to the Civil War surfaced in the divisive fight over Missouri statehood. The first organized Louisiana Purchase territory to lie completely west of the Mississippi River and northwest of the Ohio, Missouri carried special significance for both pro- and anti-slavery advocates. Northern congressmen leaped out of their seats to object to the proposed expansion of the slave "empire," while slave-state politicians voiced outrage at the northerners’ blatant sectional attack. Although the Missouri confrontation ultimately appeared to end amicably with a famous compromise that the wily Kentuckian Henry Clay helped to cobble together, the passions it unleashed proved vicious, widespread, and long lasting. Van Atta deftly explains how the Missouri crisis revealed the power that slavery had already gained over American nation building. He explores the external social, cultural, and economic forces that gave the confrontation such urgency around the country, as well as the beliefs, assumptions, and fears that characterized both sides of the slavery argument. Wolf by the Ears provides students in American history with an ideal introduction to the Missouri crisis while at the same time offering fresh insights for scholars of the early republic.

Ber Die Pflicht Zum Ungehorsam Gegen Den Staat

Author: Henry David Thoreau
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 384308131X
Size: 78.72 MB
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Henry David Thoreau: Über die Pflicht zum Ungehorsam gegen den Staat Originaltitel: »The Resistance to Civil Government«. In der ersten Werkausgabe wurde daraus »Civil Disobedience« und später »On the Duty of Civil Disobedience«. Diese Übersetzung von David Adner steht unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland Lizenz. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Benjamin D. Maxham, Daguerreotype of Henry David Thoreau, 1856. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 12 pt.

Slavery And The Culture Of Taste

Author: Simon Gikandi
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400840112
Size: 64.61 MB
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It would be easy to assume that, in the eighteenth century, slavery and the culture of taste--the world of politeness, manners, and aesthetics--existed as separate and unequal domains, unrelated in the spheres of social life. But to the contrary, Slavery and the Culture of Taste demonstrates that these two areas of modernity were surprisingly entwined. Ranging across Britain, the antebellum South, and the West Indies, and examining vast archives, including portraits, period paintings, personal narratives, and diaries, Simon Gikandi illustrates how the violence and ugliness of enslavement actually shaped theories of taste, notions of beauty, and practices of high culture, and how slavery's impurity informed and haunted the rarified customs of the time. Gikandi focuses on the ways that the enslavement of Africans and the profits derived from this exploitation enabled the moment of taste in European--mainly British--life, leading to a transformation of bourgeois ideas regarding freedom and selfhood. He explores how these connections played out in the immense fortunes made in the West Indies sugar colonies, supporting the lavish lives of English barons and altering the ideals that defined middle-class subjects. Discussing how the ownership of slaves turned the American planter class into a new aristocracy, Gikandi engages with the slaves' own response to the strange interplay of modern notions of freedom and the realities of bondage, and he emphasizes the aesthetic and cultural processes developed by slaves to create spaces of freedom outside the regimen of enforced labor and truncated leisure. Through a close look at the eighteenth century's many remarkable documents and artworks, Slavery and the Culture of Taste sets forth the tensions and contradictions entangling a brutal practice and the distinctions of civility.