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The Neuroethology Of Predation And Escape

Author: Keith T. Sillar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470972238
Size: 64.82 MB
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The forces of natural selection have been a primary driver in the evolution of adaptive animal behaviours. On the one hand animals must evade predation in order to survive and pass on their genes; on other hand, and for the same underlying reasons, animals must also be capable of successfully capturing prey. This situation has led to an evolutionary arms race in which predator and prey are locked in the battle to survive. A common strategy in each situation is to enhance the speed of response, resulting in the evolution of neural, muscular and biomechanical designs that produce supremely fast and eye-catching behavioral responses. The aim of this book is to illuminate the design principles of escape and predatory behaviours using a series of case histories from different animal groups and to emphasize the convergent evolution of neural circuitry that optimizes the chances of survival. Using these case histories the authors describe sensory mechanisms that aid prey and predator detection, central neural circuit designs that increase speed of response and neuromuscular and biomechanical properties that aid the performance of escape and predatory movements.

Advances In Vertebrate Neuroethology

Author: Jorg-Peter Ewert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468444123
Size: 68.92 MB
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This volume presents the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Advances in Vertebrate Neuroethology" held at the University of Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany in August 1981. During the last decade much progress has been made in understanding the neurophysiological bases of behavior in both vertebrates and invertebrates. The reason for this is that a number of new physiological, anatomical, and histochemical techniques have recently been developed for brain research which can now be combined with ethological methods for the analysis of animal behavior to form a new field of research known as "Neuroethology". The term Neuroethology was originally introduced by S.L.Brown and R.W.Hunsperger (1963) in connection with studies on the activation of agonistic behaviors by electrical brain stimulation in cats. Neuroethology was more closely defined by G.Hoyle (1970) in the context of a review on cellular mechanisms underlying behavior of invertebrates. Since the 6th annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience held in Toronto in 1976, Neuroethology has become established as a session topic.

Issues In Life Sciences Acarology Arachnology And Entomology 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 146496534X
Size: 80.17 MB
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Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biological Neural Networks In Invertebrate Neuroethology And Robotics

Author: Randall D. Beer
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780120847280
Size: 78.18 MB
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This is the first book to integrate research by neuroethologists interested in the neural basis of animal behavior and roboticists interested in building versatile and robusts robots. Biological Neural Networks in Invertebrate Neuroethology and Robotics contains 17 papers that survey neural control of movement and orientation, describe computer models of neural control circuits, and give examples of actual robot implementations. This book is the second volume in Academic Press' new series NEURAL NETOWRKS: FOUNDATIONS TO APPLICATIONS, which seeks to emphasize the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas that is central to advances in neural networks research. * Presents for the first time the results of research at the intersecion of the fields of neuroethology and robotics * Emphasizes potential advances for both biologists and engineers

Predator Prey Interactions Co Evolution Between Bats And Their Prey

Author: David Steve Jacobs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319324926
Size: 42.49 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides a comprehensive review of the evolution of traits associated with predation and predator defense for bats and all of their prey, both invertebrates (e.g. insects) and vertebrates (e.g. frogs), in the context of co-evolution. It reviews current knowledge of how echolocation and passive hearing are used by bats to hunt prey in complete darkness. Also it highlights how prey have evolved counter measures to bat echolocation to avoid detection and capture. This includes the whole range of prey responses from being active at times when bats are inactive to the use of acoustic signals of their own to interfere with the echolocation system of bats.