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The New Orleans Hurricane Protection System

Author: Committee on New Orleans Regional Hurricane Protection Projects
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309138337
Size: 41.79 MB
Format: PDF
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Hurricane Katrina, which struck New Orleans and surrounding areas in August 2005, ranks as one of the nation's most devastating natural disasters. Shortly after the storm, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers established a task force to assess the performance of the levees, floodwalls, and other structures comprising the area's hurricane protection system during Hurricane Katrina. This book provides an independent review of the task force's final draft report and identifies key lessons from the Katrina experience and their implications for future hurricane preparedness and planning in the region.

Levees And The National Flood Insurance Program

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030928290X
Size: 80.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration (FIMA) manages the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which is a cornerstone in the U.S. strategy to assist communities to prepare for, mitigate against, and recover from flood disasters. The NFIP was established by Congress with passage of the National Flood Insurance Act in 1968, to help reduce future flood damages through NFIP community floodplain regulation that would control development in flood hazard areas, provide insurance for a premium to property owners, and reduce federal expenditures for disaster assistance. The flood insurance is available only to owners of insurable property located in communities that participate in the NFIP. Currently, the program has 5,555,915 million policies in 21,881 communities3 across the United States. The NFIP defines the one percent annual chance flood (100-year or base flood) floodplain as a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). The SFHA is delineated on FEMA's Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM's) using topographic, meteorologic, hydrologic, and hydraulic information. Property owners with a federally back mortgage within the SFHAs are required to purchase and retain flood insurance, called the mandatory flood insurance purchase requirement (MPR). Levees and floodwalls, hereafter referred to as levees, have been part of flood management in the United States since the late 1700's because they are relatively easy to build and a reasonable infrastructure investment. A levee is a man-made structure, usually an earthen embankment, designed and constructed in accordance with sound engineering practices to contain, control, or divert the flow of water so as to provide protection from temporary flooding. A levee system is a flood protection system which consists of a levee, or levees, and associated structures, such as closure and drainage devices, which are constructed and operated in accordance with sound engineering practices. Recognizing the need for improving the NFIP's treatment of levees, FEMA officials approached the National Research Council's (NRC) Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) and requested this study. The NRC responded by forming the ad hoc Committee on Levee and the National Flood Insurance Program: Improving Policies and Practices, charged to examine current FEMA treatment of levees within the NFIP and provide advice on how those levee-elated policies and activities could be improved. The study addressed four broad areas, risk analysis, flood insurance, risk reduction, and risk communication, regarding how levees are considered in the NFIP. Specific issues within these areas include current risk analysis and mapping procedures behind accredited and non-accredited levees, flood insurance pricing and the mandatory flood insurance purchase requirement, mitigation options to reduce risk for communities with levees, flood risk communication efforts, and the concept of shared responsibility. The principal conclusions and recommendations are highlighted in this report.

Corps Of Engineers Water Resources Infrastructure

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309264790
Size: 60.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Over the past century, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has built a vast network of water management infrastructure that includes approximately 700 dams, 14,000 miles of levees, 12,000 miles of river navigation channels and control structures, harbors and ports, and other facilities. Historically, the construction of new infrastructure dominated the Corps' water resources budget and activities. Today, national water needs and priorities increasingly are shifting to operations, maintenance, and rehabilitation of existing infrastructure, much of which has exceeded its design life. However, since the mid-1980s federal funding for new project construction and major rehabilitation has declined steadily. As a result, much of the Corps' water resources infrastructure is deteriorating and wearing out faster than it is being replaced. Corps of Engineers Water Resources Infrastrucutre: Deterioration, Investment, or Divestment? explores the status of operations, maintenance, and rehabilitation of Corps water resources infrastructure, and identifies options for the Corps and the nation in setting maintenance and rehabilitation priorities.

Foundations Of Homeland Security

Author: Martin J. Alperen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470934609
Size: 17.95 MB
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This book is the complete guide to understanding the structure of homeland security – its underlying law and policy. Created from a broad and in depth, yet edited collection of statutes, policy papers, presidential directives, and other documents, it cultivates a detailed understanding of the foundations of homeland security. It is arranged in a topic-by-topic format structured to include only the documents and statues that affect a particular subject, making for much easier understanding. Thus, the chapter on FEMA contains only the portions of the statutes and other documents that relate to FEMA. There are twenty-five topic areas. It contains hundreds of end notes, references, and suggestions for further study. This book offers important legal guidance that students, law enforcement officers, lawyers, and other homeland security professionals need to accurately interpret, understand, and apply homeland security policy. The Introduction provides an in-depth overview of the subject of homeland security and includes a discussion of what is homeland security, definitions of homeland security and terrorism, what is homeland security law, its development, and what is a homeland security curriculum. There are contributing chapters about homeland security in Europe, and homeland security in China and Japan.

Naturrisiken Und Sozialkatastrophen

Author: Carsten Felgentreff
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827415714
Size: 53.68 MB
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Ziele dieses Lese- und Lehrbuches zur Katastrophenforschung aus geographischer Sicht ist es, Wissenschaftler aus der Physio- und der Humangeographie gleichermaßen zu Wort kommen zu lassen, welche die naturräumlichen Perspektiven wie auch die soziologischen Komponenten berücksichtigen. Dieses Buch vermittelt die Grundlagen und die Vielfalt von Problemstellungen in der Katastrophenforschung, es zeigt die gleichberechtigte Darstellung von natur- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschungsansätzen auf und trägt dazu bei, das Themenfeld „Hazardforschung“ in der Geographie in Deutschland zu etablieren. Neben den Grundlagen der Katastrophenforschung berücksichtigt es die Bewältigung wie auch die Prävention von Katastrophen. Es veranschaulicht die Theorie an eindrucksvollen Beispielen der vergangenen Jahre.

Zeitoun

Author: Dave Eggers
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462306693
Size: 68.97 MB
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»›Zeitoun‹ gehört zum Interessan testen, Packendsten und Aufregendsten, das man gerade lesen kann.« FAZ Dave Eggers erzählt in seiner vielfach ausgezeichneten literarischen Reportage die Geschichte der amerikanisch-syrischen FamilieZeitoun, die nach dem Hurrikan Katrina unschuldig ins Visier der amerikanischen Terrorismusfahnder gerät. Nachdem Hurrikan Katrina im August 2005 New Orleans verwüstet hat, schickt der Familienvater Abdulrahman Zeitoun seine Frau und die vier Kinder nach Arizona und bleibt selbst in der Stadt. Mit seinem Kanu fährt er durch die überfluteten Straßen und hilft, wo er kann – bis er am 6. September ohne Angabe von Gründen verhaftet und unter unmenschlichen Bedingungen festgehalten wird. Erst nach langen Wochen erreicht die Familie ein Lebenszeichen, und sie beginnt, um Zeitouns Freilassung zu kämpfen.Drei Jahre hat Dave Eggers in enger Zusammenarbeit mit der Familie Zeitoun an diesem Buch gearbeitet und herausgekommen ist »ein grandioser Reportage-Roman« (SZ). »Dave Eggers hat den Job des Schriftstellers brillant gemacht, er hat ihn in gewisser Weise für unsere Zeit neu erfunden.« (Spiegel Online) »Eine überwältigende literarische Reportage« (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) »Ein großartiger Tatsachenroman, der ein unglaubliches Heldendrama aus dem überschwemmten New Orleans erzählt.« (Süddeutsche Zeitung)

Disaster Management Handbook

Author: Jack Pinkowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420058635
Size: 49.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1916
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Record breaking hurricane seasons, tornados, tsunamis, earthquakes, and intentional acts of mass-casualty violence, give lie to the delusion that disasters are the anomaly and not the norm. Disaster management is rooted in the fundamental belief that we can protect ourselves. Even if we cannot control all the causes, we can prepare and respond. We can craft constructive, workable policy that will contribute to the prevention of enormous financial impact, destruction of the environment, and needless loss of life. Integrating scholarly articles from international experts and first hand accounts from the practitioner community, Disaster Management Handbook presents an analytical critique of the interrelated, multidisciplinary issues of preparedness, response, and recovery in anticipating and rebuilding from disasters. Beginning with an introduction to the theoretical constructs and conceptual foundations of disaster management, the book reviews the relationship of modern development to disaster vulnerability, the politics of disaster management, leadership, and the role of agency coordination. The second and third sections examine case studies and lessons learned through natural disasters in North America and around the world. They compare and contrast the efficacy of different management strategies from national, provincial, and local governments, as well as non-governmental agencies. Taking a narrower scope, the fourth section focuses on emergency personnel and the methods and issues faced in on-the-scene response and preparation. It also considers the special needs of hospitals and the effective use of the media. Contributions in the final two sections present strategies for limiting and ameliorating the psychological impact of disaster on victims and personnel, and look forward to how we can be better prepared in the future and rebuild stronger, more resilient communities.