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The New Visual Neurosciences

Author: John Simon Werner
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262019163
Size: 28.59 MB
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Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to allother areas. This essential reference to contemporary visual neuroscience covers the extraordinaryrange of the field today, from molecules and cell assemblies to systems and therapies. It provides astate-of-the art companion to the earlier book The Visual Neurosciences (MITPress, 2003). This volume covers the dramatic advances made in the last decade, offering new topics,new authors, and new chapters. The New Visual Neurosciencesassembles groundbreaking research, written by international authorities. Many of the 112chapters treat seminal topics not included in the earlier book. These new topics include retinalfeature detection; cortical connectomics; new approaches to mid-level vision and spatiotemporalperception; the latest understanding of how multimodal integration contributes to visual perception;new theoretical work on the role of neural oscillations in information processing; and new molecularand genetic techniques for understanding visual system development. An entirely new section coversinvertebrate vision, reflecting the importance of this research in understanding fundamentalprinciples of visual processing. Another new section treats translational visual neuroscience,covering recent progress in novel treatment modalities for optic nerve disorders, maculardegeneration, and retinal cell replacement. The New Visual Neurosciences is anindispensable reference for students, teachers, researchers, clinicians, and anyone interested incontemporary neuroscience. Associate EditorsMarie Burns, JoyGeng, Mark Goldman, James Handa, Andrew Ishida, George R. Mangun, Kimberley McAllister, BrunoOlshausen, Gregg Recanzone, Mandyam Srinivasan, W.Martin Usrey, Michael Webster, DavidWhitney SectionsRetinal Mechanisms and ProcessesOrganization ofVisual PathwaysSubcortical ProcessingProcessing in Primary Visual CortexBrightness and ColorPattern,Surface, and ShapeObjects and ScenesTime, Motion, and DepthEye MovementsCortical Mechanisms ofAttention, Cognition, and Multimodal IntegrationInvertebrate VisionTheoretical PerspectivesMolecularand Developmental ProcessesTranslational Visual Neuroscience

The Visual Neurosciences

Author: John Simon Werner
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262033089
Size: 32.84 MB
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An essential reference book for visual science. Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This massive collection of papers by leading researchers in the field will become an essential reference for researchers and students in visual neuroscience, and will be of importance to researchers and professionals in other disciplines, including molecular and cellular biology, cognitive science, ophthalmology, psychology, computer science, optometry, and education. Over 100 chapters cover the entire field of visual neuroscience, from its historical foundations to the latest research and findings in molecular mechanisms and network modeling. The book is organized by topic--different sections cover such subjects as the history of vision science; developmental processes; retinal mechanisms and processes; organization of visual pathways; subcortical processing; processing in the primary visual cortex; detection and sampling; brightness and color; form, shape, and object recognition; motion, depth, and spatial relationships; eye movements; attention and cognition; and theoretical and computational perspectives. The list of contributors includes leading international researchers in visual science.

Vision Science

Author: Stephen E. Palmer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262304015
Size: 17.72 MB
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This book revolutionizes how vision can be taught to undergraduate and graduate students in cognitive science, psychology, and optometry. It is the first comprehensive textbook on vision to reflect the integrated computational approach of modern research scientists. This new interdisciplinary approach, called "vision science," integrates psychological, computational, and neuroscientific perspectives. The book covers all major topics related to vision, from early neural processing of image structure in the retina to high-level visual attention, memory, imagery, and awareness. The presentation throughout is theoretically sophisticated yet requires minimal knowledge of mathematics. There is also an extensive glossary, as well as appendices on psychophysical methods, connectionist modeling, and color technology. The book will serve not only as a comprehensive textbook on vision, but also as a valuable reference for researchers in cognitive science, psychology, neuroscience, computer science, optometry, and philosophy.

Scene Vision

Author: Kestutis Kveraga
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027852
Size: 68.34 MB
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In this volume, pioneering researchers address the visual cognition of scenes from neuroimaging, psychology, modeling, electrophysiology and computer vision perspectives.

Galileo S Visions

Author: Marco Piccolino
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199554358
Size: 44.36 MB
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In a fascinating and accessible style, Marco Piccolino and Nick Wade analyse the scientific and philosophical work of Galileo Galilei from the particular viewpoint of his approach to the senses (and especially vision) as a means of acquiring trustworthy knowledge about the constitution of the world

Computational Models Of Visual Processing

Author: Michael S. Landy
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262121552
Size: 80.64 MB
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The more than twenty contributions in this book, all new and previously unpublished, provide an up-to-date survey of contemporary research on computational modeling of the visual system. The approaches represented range from neurophysiology to psychophysics, and from retinal function to the analysis of visual cues to motion, color, texture, and depth. The contributions are linked thematically by a consistent consideration of the links between empirical data and computational models in the study of visual function.An introductory chapter by Edward Adelson and James Bergen gives a new and elegant formalization of the elements of early vision. Subsequent sections treat receptors and sampling, models of neural function, detection and discrimination, color and shading, motion and texture, and 3D shape. Each section is introduced by a brief topical review and summary.Michael S. Landy is Associate Professor of Psychology at New York University where J. Anthony Movshon is Professor of Neural Science and Psychology and Director of the Center for Neural Science.Contributors: Edward H. Adelson. Albert J. Ahumada, Jr., James R. Bergen. David G. Birch. David H. Brainard. Heinrich H. Bülthoff. Charles Chubb. Nancy J. Coletta. Michael D'Zmura. John P. Frisby. Norma Graham. Norberto M. Grzywacz. P. William Haake. Michael J. Hawken. David J. Heeger. Donald C. Hood. Elizabeth B. Johnston. Daniel Kersten. Michael S. Landy. Peter Lennie. J. Stephen Mansfield. J. Anthony Movshon. Jacob Nachmias. Andrew J. Parker. Denis G. Pelli. Stephen B. Pollard. R. Clay Reid. Robert Shapley. Carlo L. M. Tiana. Brian A. Wandell. Andrew B. Watson. David R. Williams. Hugh R. Wilson. Yuede. Yang. Alan L. Yuille.

A Natural History Of Vision

Author: Nicholas J. Wade
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262731294
Size: 59.17 MB
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This illustrated survey covers what Nicholas Wade calls the "observational era of vision," beginning with the Greek philosophers and ending with Wheatstone's description of the stereoscope in the late 1830s. This is the first history of vision to present extracts of the works of scholars, organized both topically and chronologically. In what has become the author's signature style, the book juxtaposes verbal and visual descriptions. Many of the more than three hundred illustrations are derived from engravings—of portraits of the scholars cited, as well as of scientific diagrams. Each portrait appears beside a significant quotation by the scholar and the source of the original illustration. The author's commentary provides the context for the quotations and traces the scientific development within each topic. The book is organized around the principal topics within the investigation of visual phenomena: light, color, subjective visual phenomena (such as afterimages and pattern distortions), motion, binocularity, space, and visual illusions.

Visual Cortex And Deep Networks

Author: Tomaso A. Poggio
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262336723
Size: 61.35 MB
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The ventral visual stream is believed to underlie object recognition in primates. Over the past fifty years, researchers have developed a series of quantitative models that are increasingly faithful to the biological architecture. Recently, deep learning convolution networks -- which do not reflect several important features of the ventral stream architecture and physiology -- have been trained with extremely large datasets, resulting in model neurons that mimic object recognition but do not explain the nature of the computations carried out in the ventral stream. This book develops a mathematical framework that describes learning of invariant representations of the ventral stream and is particularly relevant to deep convolutional learning networks. The authors propose a theory based on the hypothesis that the main computational goal of the ventral stream is to compute neural representations of images that are invariant to transformations commonly encountered in the visual environment and are learned from unsupervised experience. They describe a general theoretical framework of a computational theory of invariance (with details and proofs offered in appendixes) and then review the application of the theory to the feedforward path of the ventral stream in the primate visual cortex.

Brain And The Gaze

Author: Jan Lauwereyns
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262017911
Size: 29.93 MB
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A radically integrative account of visual perception, grounded in neuroscience but drawing on insights from philosophy and psychology. How do we gain access to things as they are? Although we routinely take our self-made pictures to be veridical representations of reality, in actuality we choose (albeit unwittingly) or construct what we see. By movements of the eyes, the direction of our gaze, we create meaning. In Brain and the Gaze, Jan Lauwereyns offers a novel reformulation of perception and its neural underpinnings, focusing on the active nature of perception. In his investigation of active perception and its brain mechanisms, Lauwereyns offers the gaze as the principal paradigm for perception. In a radically integrative account, grounded in neuroscience but drawing on insights from philosophy and psychology, he discusses the dynamic and constrained nature of perception; the complex information processing at the level of the retina; the active nature of vision; the intensive nature of representations; the gaze of others as visual stimulus; and the intentionality of vision and consciousness. An engaging point of entry to the cognitive neuroscience of perception, written for neuroscientists but illuminated by insights from thinkers ranging from William James to Slavoj Zizek, Brain and the Gaze will give new impetus to research and theory in the field.