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Iron Age Hillforts In Britain And Beyond

Author: Dennis Harding
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191626104
Size: 59.42 MB
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Widely regarded as major visible field monuments of the Iron Age, hillforts are central to an understanding of later prehistoric communities in Britain and Europe from the later Bronze Age. With such a range of variants represented, no single explanation of their function or social significance could satisfy all possible interpretations of their role. While they are conventionally viewed as defence settlements or regional centres controlled by a social elite, this role has been challenged in recent years, and instead hillforts are being considered primarily as expressions of social identity with strong ritual and cosmological associations. Current hillfort interpretations are in danger of reflecting contemporary social sensitivities more strongly than any recognizable Iron Age priorities, and the need for critical analysis of basic archaeological evidence is paramount. Critically reviewing the evidence of hillforts in Britain, in the wider context of Ireland and continental Europe, the volume focuses on their structural features, chronology, landscape context, and their social, economic and symbolic functions, and is well illustrated throughout with site plans, reconstruction drawings, and photographs. Harding reviews the changing perceptions of hillforts and the future prospects for hillfort research, highlighting aspects of contemporary investigation and interpretation.

Training And Practice For Modern Day Archaeologists

Author: John H. Jameson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461455294
Size: 32.95 MB
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In recent years, an important and encouraging development in the practice of archaeology and historical preservation has been the markedly increased number of collaborations among archaeologists, educators, preservation planners, and government managers to explore new approaches to archaeological and heritage education and training to accommodate globalization and the realities of the 21st century worldwide. But what is the collective experience of archaeologists and cultural heritage specialists in these arenas? Should we be encouraged, or discouraged, by national and international trends? In an attempt to answer these questions, this volume examines and gives representational examples of the respective approaches and roles of government, universities, and the private sector in meeting the educational/training needs and challenges of practicing archaeologists today.

Exploring Prehistoric Identity In Europe

Author: Victoria Ginn
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 184217813X
Size: 67.78 MB
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Identity is relational and a construct, and is expressed in a myriad of ways. For example, material culture and its pluralist meanings have been readily manipulated by humans in a prehistoric context in order to construct personal and group identities. Artefacts were often from or reminiscent of far-flung places and were used to demonstrate membership of an (imagined) regional, or European community. Earthworks frequently archive maximum visual impact through elaborate ramparts and entrances with the minimum amount of effort, indicating that the construction of identities were as much in the eye of the perceivor, as of the perceived. Variations in domestic architectural style also demonstrate the malleability of identity, and the prolonged, intermittent use of particular places for specific functions indicates that the identity of place is just as important in our archaeological understanding as the identity of people. By using a wide range of case studies, both temporally and spatially, these thought processes may be explored further and diachronic and geographic patterns in expressions of identity investigated.

The Iveragh Peninsula

Author: John Crowley
Publisher: Cork Univ Pr
ISBN:
Size: 69.62 MB
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* The Ring of Kerry is one of Ireland's most beloved of landscapes * This multidisciplinary exploration will make anyone's visit to the Ring even more magical The Iveragh Peninsula, often referred to as the 'Ring of Kerry', is one of Ireland's most dramatic and beautiful landscapes. This cultural atlas, comprising over fifty individual chapters and case studies, provides the reader with a broad range of perspectives on the peninsula and the human interactions with it since prehistoric times to the present day. Although not a conventional atlas, it contains many historic and newly commissioned maps. The opening chapters explore the physical and environmental setting of the peninsula. Subsequent chapters deal with is development over the millennia and the influences that have shaped it. All aspects of Iveragh's past and present are considered, using the evidence of disciplines such as archaeology, art history, cartography, folklore, geography, geology, history, mythology and zoology. Given its status as a peninsula projecting into the Atlantic, the history and culture of the Iveragh Peninsula have been molded by external influences as well as by regional and national ones. Its story is multi-layered, involving the imprint of mythological as well as historic settlers and invaders. The peninsula has witnessed significant periods of transition, perhaps none more so than in the present era. This book seeks to deepen and illuminate our understanding of its landscape, history and heritage.

Medieval Lough C

Author: Thomas Finan (Ph. D.)
Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd
ISBN:
Size: 17.40 MB
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The role of Lough Ce and its relationship to the various lordships of north Roscommon in the later Middle Ages is examined in this collection of essays. Lough Ce was a vital geographic feature in relation to the MacDermot and O'Conor dynasties of the 13th and 14th century, and was the scene of a number of military incursions on the part of English lordships in the mid-13th century. Yet, this lake, and the history and archaeology of the region surrounding the lake, has rarely been examined as a landscape feature in, and of, itself.

United States Foreign Policy And Ireland

Author: Bernadette Whelan
Publisher: Four Courts Pr Ltd
ISBN:
Size: 31.34 MB
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This book deals with United States policy towards Ireland between 1913 and 1929. Focusing on Woodrow Wilson, Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge, it examines their ties with Ireland and the development of the relationship between their administrations and Ireland. The formulation of US policy towards Ireland was influenced by the US public and politicians, the State Department, British politicians and officials, and nationalists and unionists in the US and Ireland. The author examines the implementation of foreign policy by US representatives in Ireland and Britain. Set in the context of three US administrations, it treats the Irish issues of self-determination, legitimacy, state-building, immigration and commerce as well as the Irish dimension to US policy in waging war and making peace, debt recovery, rearmament and economic growth. It offers a pioneering perspective on the views of key policy-makers in Washington and the policy enforcers in far off Dublin, Belfast, Cork and London.