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The Occupation Of Iraq

Author: Ali A. Allawi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300135374
Size: 18.71 MB
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Involved for over thirty years in the politics of Iraq, Ali A. Allawi was a long-time opposition leader against the Baathist regime. In the post-Saddam years he has held important government positions and participated in crucial national decisions and events. In this book, the former Minister of Defense and Finance draws on his unique personal experience, extensive relationships with members of the main political groups and parties in Iraq, and deep understanding of the history and society of his country to answer the baffling questions that persist about its current crises. What really led the United States to invade Iraq, and why have events failed to unfold as planned? The Occupation of Iraq examines what the United States did and didn't know at the time of the invasion, the reasons for the confused and contradictory policies that were enacted, and the emergence of the Iraqi political class during the difficult transition process. The book tracks the growth of the insurgency and illuminates the complex relationships among Sunnis, Shias, and Kurds. Bringing the discussion forward to the reconfiguration of political forces in 2006, Allawi provides in these pages the clearest view to date of the modern history of Iraq and the invasion that changed its course in unpredicted ways.

Voices From Post Saddam Iraq Living With Terrorism Insurgency And New Forms Of Tyranny

Author: Victoria Fontan
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313365334
Size: 72.83 MB
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Even today, most Americans can not understand just why the fighting continues in Iraq, whether our nation should be involved there now, and how we could change our tactics to help establish a lasting peace in the face of what many fear will become a full-fledged civil war. In the book at hand, Victoria Fontan - a professor of peace and conflict studies who lived, worked and researched in Iraq - shares pointed insights into the emotions of Iraq's people, and specifically how democratization has in that country come to be associated with humiliation. Including interviews with common people in Iraq this work makes clear how laudable intentions do not always bring the desired result when it comes to international conflict and cross-cultural psychology. For example, Fontan explains, one might consider the comment of a young Shiite: The greatest humiliation of all was to see foreigners topple Saddam, not because we loved him, but because we could not do it ourselves. This gripping text is focused on a new and growing area of human psychology - humiliation studies. In it, this leader at the United Nations-mandated University for Peace spotlights aspects of U.S. actions - and Iraqi perceptions - that have fueled ongoing conflict and left some increasingly outspoken residents of the U.S., and the rest of the world, demanding that foreign forces be withdrawn and the Iraqis left to their own accord. The work examines issues including how and when the Iraqis began to see the United States, as not a liberator but as an occupier; how both Abu Ghraib and our ensuing handling of the scandal heightened Iraqi humiliation and fighting; how we've fueled the ethno-religious unrest that still rages today; and how the Post-Saddam elections paved the way for civil war. Fontan also describes the role of women in Iraq who may ultimately be an important key to peace and explains her views on the new role the U.S. may play to better help establish peace.

Building Peace After War

Author: Mats Berdal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351226002
Size: 44.41 MB
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The widespread practice of intervention by outside actors aimed at building ?sustainable peace? within societies ravaged by war has been a striking feature of the post-Cold War era. But, at a time when more peacekeepers are deployed around the world than at any other point in history, is the international will to intervene beginning to wane? And how capable are the systems that exist for planning and deploying ?peacebuilding? missions of fulfilling the increasingly complex tasks set for them? In Building Peace After War, Mats Berdal addresses these and other crucial questions, examining the record of interventions from Cambodia in the early 1990s to contemporary efforts in Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The book analyses the nature of the modern peacebuilding environment, in particular the historical and psychological conditions that shape it, and addresses the key tasks faced by outside forces in the early and critical ?post-conflict? phase of an intervention. In doing so, it asks searching questions about the role of military force in support of peacebuilding, and the vital importance of legitimacy to any intervention. Berdal also looks critically at the ways in which governments and international organisations, particularly the UN, have responded to these many challenges. He highlights the pivotal role of politics in planning peacebuilding operations, and offers some sober reflections on the future prospects for post-conflict intervention.

U S Conflicts In The 21st Century Afghanistan War Iraq War And The War On Terror 3 Volumes

Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440838798
Size: 59.37 MB
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This three-volume reference work provides an up-to-date presentation and analysis of the U.S. wars of the 21st century, addressing their backgrounds, causes, courses, and consequences. It serves as an indispensable resource for students seeking to understand the role of the United States in the world today. • Provides up-to-date information on America's ongoing military conflicts and clear explanations of how these wars came about and the shifts in policy thereafter • Supplies comprehensive coverage detailing social, political, cultural, religious, ethnic, and military aspects of the 21st-century wars • Includes dozens of primary documents that are essential to understanding the events that have occurred, provide context to the text, and allow readers to examine the original sources of information directly • Identifies the key individuals and factors in strategic planning • Presents full information on the terror attacks visited on the United States and its key allies as well as the U.S. response to them

Muqtada Al Sadr And The Battle For The Future Of Iraq

Author: Patrick Cockburn
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439141199
Size: 65.30 MB
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Time magazine listed him as one of its "100 People Who Shape Our World." Newsweek featured him on its cover under the headline "How Al-Sadr May Control U.S. Fate in Iraq." Paul Bremer denounced him as a "Bolshevik Islamist" and ordered that he be captured "dead or alive." Who is Muqtada al-Sadr, and why is he so vital to the future of Iraq and, arguably, the entire Middle East? In this compellingly readable account, prize-winning journalist Patrick Cockburn tells the story of Muqtada's rise to become the leader of Iraq's poor Shi'ites and the resistance to the occupation. Cockburn looks at the killings by Saddam's executioners and hit men of the young cleric's father, two brothers, and father-in-law; his leadership of the seventy-thousand-strong Mehdi Army; the fierce rivalries between him and other Shia religious leaders; his complex relationship with the Iraqi government; and his frequent confrontations with the American military, including battles that took place in Najaf in 2004. The portrait that emerges is of a complex man and a sophisticated politician, who engages with religious and nationalist aspirations in a manner unlike any other Iraqi leader. Cockburn, who was among the very few Western journalists to remain in Baghdad during the Gulf War and has been an intrepid reporter of Iraq ever since, draws on his extensive firsthand experience in the country to produce a book that is richly interwoven with the voices of Iraqis themselves. His personal encounters with the Mehdi Army include a tense occasion when he was nearly killed at a roadblock outside the city of Kufa. Though it often reads like an adventure story, Muqtada is also a work of painstaking research and measured analysis that leads to a deeper understanding both of one of the most critical conflicts in the world today and of the man who may well be a decisive voice in determining the future of Iraq when the Americans eventually leave.

Ich Bin Eure Stimme

Author: Nadia Murad
Publisher: Knaur eBook
ISBN: 3426450127
Size: 32.44 MB
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Von der IS-Sklavin zur Trägerin des Friedensnobelpreises 2018: Das bewegende Schicksal der Jesidin Nadia Murad und ihr Kampf um Gerechtigkeit. Am 3. August 2014 endet das Leben, wie Nadia Murad es kannte. Truppen des IS überfallen ihr jesidisches Dorf Kocho im Norden Iraks. Sie töten die Älteren und verschleppen die Jüngeren. Kleine Jungen sollen als Soldaten ausgebildet werden. Die Mädchen werden verschleppt und als Sklavinnen verkauft. An diesem Tag verliert Nadia Murad 44 Angehörige. Für sie beginnt ein beispielloses Martyrium: Drei Monate ist sie in der Gewalt des IS, wird Opfer von Demütigung, Folter, Vergewaltigung. Nur mit Glück und unvorstellbarem Mut gelingt ihr die Flucht vor ihren Peinigern. Sie schafft es in ein Flüchtlingslager und kommt von dort aus nach Deutschland. Tausende andere junge Frauen befinden sich bis heute in der Gewalt des IS. Deren Stimme zu sein und sie zu befreien hat Nadia Murad sich zur Aufgabe gemacht. Heute kämpft sie dafür, dass das Verbrechen des IS als Völkermord anerkannt wird und die Verantwortlichen vor den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof gestellt werden. Die Vereinten Nationen ernannten Nadia Murad zur Sonderbotschafterin, darüber hinaus wurde sie mit dem Friedensnobelpreis und dem Vaclav-Havel-Preises für Menschenrecht ausgezeichnet. Nun erzählt sie ihre bewegende Geschichte.

Terror Vor Europas Toren

Author: Wilfried Buchta
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593430711
Size: 41.27 MB
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Der Vormarsch der Milizen des selbsternannten Islamischen Staats gehört derzeit zu den beherrschenden Nachrichtenthemen. In ihm zeigt sich eine neue Qualität des Terrors, der mit dem Export des Heiligen Kriegs, des Dschihad, auch nach Europa überzuschwappen droht. Doch wie konnte es zu dieser bedrohlichen Entwicklung kommen? Wilfried Buchta, ein ausgewiesener Kenner der Region, zeichnet die fatalen Ereignisse im Nahen Osten nach. Er beleuchtet dabei die Rolle der wichtigsten Akteure und Machtfaktoren und erklärt, welche Handlungsoptionen dem Westen heute noch bleiben.