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The Origin Of The Indo Iranians

Author: Elena Efimovna Kuzʹmina
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900416054X
Size: 75.66 MB
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Here then is the fruit of Elena Kuz'mina's life-long quest for the Indo-Iranians. Already its predecessor ("Otkuda prishli indoarii?," published in 1994) was considered the most comprehensive analysis of the origins of the Indo-Iranians ever published, but in this new, significantly expanded edition (edited by J.P. Mallory) we find an encyclopaedic account of the Andronovo culture of Eurasia. Taking its evidence from archaeology, linguistics, ethnology, mythology, and physical anthropology pertaining to Indo-Iranian origins and expansions, it comprehensively covers the relationships of this culture with neighboring areas and cultures, and its role in the foundation of the Indo-Iranian peoples.

The Origin Of The Indo Iranians

Author: Elena E. Kuz'mina
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9047420713
Size: 79.61 MB
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Here then is the fruit of Elena Kuz'mina's life-long quest for the Indo-Iranians. Already its predecessor (Otkuda prishli indoarii, published in 1994) was considered the most comprehensive analysis of the origins of the Indo-Iranians ever published, but in this new, significantly expanded edition (edited by J.P. Mallory) we find an encyclopaedic account of the Andronovo culture of Eurasia. Taking its evidence from archaeology, linguistics, ethnology, mythology, and physical anthropology pertaining to Indo-Iranian origins and expansions, it comprehensively covers the relationships of this culture with neighboring areas and cultures, and its role in the foundation of the Indo-Iranian peoples.

The Horse The Wheel And Language

Author: David W. Anthony
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069114818X
Size: 37.96 MB
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Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? Until now their identity has remained a tantalizing mystery to linguists, archaeologists, and even Nazis seeking the roots of the Aryan race. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language lifts the veil that has long shrouded these original Indo-European speakers, and reveals how their domestication of horses and use of the wheel spread language and transformed civilization. Linking prehistoric archaeological remains with the development of language, David Anthony identifies the prehistoric peoples of central Eurasia's steppe grasslands as the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European, and shows how their innovative use of the ox wagon, horseback riding, and the warrior's chariot turned the Eurasian steppes into a thriving transcontinental corridor of communication, commerce, and cultural exchange. He explains how they spread their traditions and gave rise to important advances in copper mining, warfare, and patron-client political institutions, thereby ushering in an era of vibrant social change. Anthony also describes his fascinating discovery of how the wear from bits on ancient horse teeth reveals the origins of horseback riding. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past.

The Roots Of Hinduism

Author: Asko Parpola
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190226935
Size: 66.79 MB
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Hinduism has two major roots. The more familiar is the religion brought to South Asia in the second millennium BCE by speakers of Aryan or Indo-Iranian languages, a branch of the Indo-European language family. Another, more enigmatic, root is the Indus civilization of the third millennium BCE, which left behind exquisitely carved seals and thousands of short inscriptions in a long-forgotten pictographic script. Discovered in the valley of the Indus River in the early 1920s, the Indus civilization had a population estimated at one million people, in more than 1000 settlements, several of which were cities of some 50,000 inhabitants. With an area of nearly a million square kilometers, the Indus civilization was more extensive than the contemporaneous urban cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Yet, after almost a century of excavation and research the Indus civilization remains little understood. How might we decipher the Indus inscriptions? What language did the Indus people speak? What deities did they worship? Asko Parpola has spent fifty years researching the roots of Hinduism to answer these fundamental questions, which have been debated with increasing animosity since the rise of Hindu nationalist politics in the 1980s. In this pioneering book, he traces the archaeological route of the Indo-Iranian languages from the Aryan homeland north of the Black Sea to Central, West, and South Asia. His new ideas on the formation of the Vedic literature and rites and the great Hindu epics hinge on the profound impact that the invention of the horse-drawn chariot had on Indo-Aryan religion. Parpola's comprehensive assessment of the Indus language and religion is based on all available textual, linguistic and archaeological evidence, including West Asian sources and the Indus script. The results affirm cultural and religious continuity to the present day and, among many other things, shed new light on the prehistory of the key Hindu goddess Durga and her Tantric cult.

How To Kill A Dragon

Author: Calvert Watkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195085957
Size: 23.63 MB
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In How to Kill a Dragon Calvert Watkins follows the continuum of poetic formulae in Indo-European languages, from Old Hittite to medieval Irish. He uses the comparative method to reconstruct traditional poetic formulae of considerable complexity that stretch as far back as the original common language. Thus, Watkins reveals the antiquity and tenacity of the Indo-European poetic tradition. Watkins begins this study with an introduction to the field of comparative Indo-European poetics; he explores the Saussurian notions of synchrony and diachrony, and locates the various Indo-European traditions and ideologies of the spoken word. Further, his overview presents case studies on the forms of verbal art, with selected texts drawn from Indic, Iranian, Greek, Latin, Hittite, Armenian, Celtic, and Germanic languages. In the remainder of the book, Watkins examines in detail the structure of the dragon/serpent-slaying myths, which recur in various guises throughout the Indo-European poetic tradition. He finds the "signature" formula for the myth--the divine hero who slays the serpent or overcomes adversaries--occurs in the same linguistic form in a wide range of sources and over millennia, including Old and Middle Iranian holy books, Greek epic, Celtic and Germanic sagas, down to Armenian oral folk epic of the last century. Watkins argues that this formula is the vehicle for the central theme of a proto-text, and a central part of the symbolic culture of speakers of the Proto-Indo-European language: the relation of humans to their universe, the values and expectations of their society. Therefore, he further argues, poetry was a social necessity for Indo- European society, where the poet could confer on patrons what they and their culture valued above all else: "imperishable fame."

Iranian Peoples

Author: Books Llc
Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series
ISBN: 9781157604730
Size: 19.87 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 91. Chapters: Indo-Iranian languages, Manichaeism, Demographics of Iran, Hazara people, Persian people, Iazyges, Roxolani, Sogdiana, Tajik people, Qaraei, Zonouz, Tats, Maha Kapphina, Indo-Parthian Kingdom, Indo-Iranians, Chernyakhov culture, Bahlikas, Khasas, Rishikas, Loristan Province, Sart, Arta, Buyid dynasty, Mountain Jews, Feylis, Bakhtiari people, Huwala, Zaza people, Farsiwan, Dulaim, Mazandarani people, Lurs, List of Iran-related topics, Zarubintsy culture, Osr?shana, Demography of Central Asia, List of Iranian Kurds, Jud o-Persian, Lak people, Jassic people, Shirazi, Chandravarma Kamboja, Jalilavand, Limigantes, Prapaksha Kamboja, Bhurishravas, Sage Kambhoja, Siraces, Uttaramadra, King Srindra Varmana Kamboj, Iranian Kuwaitis, Zandik, Kakavand, Zand tribe, Nadasi Kasa, Haft Lang, Bazrangids, Harzandi language, Sudakshina, Basseri, Tangshewi language, Grumbates, Khamseh, Rukhs-As, Bavali. Excerpt: The Persian people are part of the Iranic people who speak the modern Persian language (locally known as "Farsi") and closely akin Iranian peoples' languages. The synonymous usage of Iranian and Persian has persisted over the centuries although some sources use Iranic as a wider term that includes both Persian as well as related Iranic languages and ethnic groups. The origin of the Persian people is traced to the ancient Indo-Iranians, who arrived in parts of Iranian plateau around 2000-1500 B.C.E. The Persians were originally nomadic, pastoral people in the western Iranian plateau and by 850 B.C.E. were calling themselves the Parsa and their constantly shifting territory Parsua for the most part localized around Persis (Pars), bounded on the west by Tigris river and on the south by Persian Gulf. As Persians gained power, they developed the infrastrcture to support their growing influence including creation of a capital named ...

Etymological Dictionary Of The Iranian Verb

Author: Johnny Cheung
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789004154964
Size: 53.56 MB
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The present work gives a critical survey of all the verbs that may have existed in Proto-Iranian as deduced from the attested Iranian descendants and their archaic sister language, Sanskrit. This is accompanied by an analysis of the morphology and assessment of the provenance.The Iranian group within the Indo-European language family consists of languages that were and are still spoken in Western and Central Asia, among which Persian, Balochi, Kurdish, Pashto, Shughni and Ossetic are the best known today, and Avestan, Old and Middle Persian, Parthian, Bactrian, Khotanese, Sogdian and Choresmian in the past. This work aims to bridge the gap in knowledge that exists between Indo-Europeanists and scholars of Iranian languages with regard to each other's fields.