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The Origins Of Proslavery Christianity

Author: Charles F. Irons
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807888896
Size: 65.19 MB
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In the colonial and antebellum South, black and white evangelicals frequently prayed, sang, and worshipped together. Even though white evangelicals claimed spiritual fellowship with those of African descent, they nonetheless emerged as the most effective defenders of race-based slavery. As Charles Irons persuasively argues, white evangelicals' ideas about slavery grew directly out of their interactions with black evangelicals. Set in Virginia, the largest slaveholding state and the hearth of the southern evangelical movement, this book draws from church records, denominational newspapers, slave narratives, and private letters and diaries to illuminate the dynamic relationship between whites and blacks within the evangelical fold. Irons reveals that when whites theorized about their moral responsibilities toward slaves, they thought first of their relationships with bondmen in their own churches. Thus, African American evangelicals inadvertently shaped the nature of the proslavery argument. When they chose which churches to join, used the procedures set up for church discipline, rejected colonization, or built quasi-independent congregations, for example, black churchgoers spurred their white coreligionists to further develop the religious defense of slavery.

The Baptism Of Early Virginia

Author: Rebecca Anne Goetz
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421419815
Size: 39.61 MB
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In The Baptism of Early Virginia, Rebecca Anne Goetz examines the construction of race through the religious beliefs and practices of English Virginians. She finds the seventeenth century a critical time in the development and articulation of racial ideologies—ultimately in the idea of "hereditary heathenism," the notion that Africans and Indians were incapable of genuine Christian conversion. In Virginia in particular, English settlers initially believed that native people would quickly become Christian and would form a vibrant partnership with English people. After vicious Anglo-Indian violence dashed those hopes, English Virginians used Christian rituals like marriage and baptism to exclude first Indians and then Africans from the privileges enjoyed by English Christians—including freedom. Resistance to hereditary heathenism was not uncommon, however. Enslaved people and many Anglican ministers fought against planters’ racial ideologies, setting the stage for Christian abolitionism in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Using court records, letters, and pamphlets, Goetz suggests new ways of approaching and understanding the deeply entwined relationship between Christianity and race in early America. "Goetz has done an impressive job bringing religion to the center of the historiography on race, and her study is a must-read for all scholars interested in the development of race and the role of Protestantism in the Atlantic world."— Register of the Kentucky Historical Society "In a compact 173 pages, Goetz links race and religion in colonial Virginia in ways that few other scholars have even attempted."— Journal of American History "This is impressive scholarship grounded in letters, pamphlets, court records, colonial statutes, and a wide array of additional archival and secondary sources... It is a book that will find ready readership in graduate seminars, seminaries, and undergraduate classrooms."— Virginia Magazine of History and Biography "Professor Goetz... is to be warmly applauded for having produced a work of such methodological scope and intellectual sophistication, a most persuasive work that ranks as a major contribution to the field."— Slavery and Abolition Rebecca Anne Goetz is an associate professor of history at New York University.

Wont The Law Give Me My Freedom

Author: Carolin Retzlaff
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657779140
Size: 24.66 MB
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In der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts gehörte Sklaverei in Nordamerika zum Alltag. Aber nicht nur weiße Abolitionisten begannen dagegen zu kämpfen. Auch Versklavte selbst gingen gegen ihre Unterdrückung vor. Denn so eindeutig, wie die Grenzen zwischen Freiheit und Unfreiheit zunächst scheinen, waren sie keineswegs: Tatsächlich gab es Versklavte, die für ihre Freiheit vor Gericht zogen. In diesen Prozessen führten sie unterschiedliche Begründungen an: ihre Herkunft, Verträge und mündliche Vereinbarungen oder auch ihre Teilnahme am Unabhängigkeitskrieg. In Plädoyers, Stellungnahmen und Zeugenaussagen geben die Gerichtsakten Einblicke in die Lebenswelt von unfreien Frauen und Männern, in ihre persönlichen Schicksale und die Beziehungen zu ihren Besitzern.

Archibald Simpson S Unpeaceable Kingdom

Author: Peter N. Moore
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498569919
Size: 28.80 MB
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This book draws on the life of Presbyterian minister and diarist Archibald Simpson (1734–1795) to examine the history of evangelical Protestantism in South Carolina and the British Atlantic during the last half of the eighteenth century. The author reconstructs the ordeal of the evangelical movement and analyzes the effects of the Great Awakening.

The Land Shall Be Deluged In Blood

Author: Patrick H. Breen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199828008
Size: 57.20 MB
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On the evening of Sunday, 21 August 1831, Nat Turner and six men launched the most famous slave revolt in American history. The rebels caught Southampton whites flatfooted and killed nearly five dozen whites, more than had been killed by any slave revolt in American history. By the afternoon of the first day, however, the small rebel army encountered hastily assembled white forces, which dispersed the rebels. Efforts to restart the revolt met with little success. By Tuesday, 23 August, the threat that the rebels had posed had dissipated. As whites gained regained control, some advocated for a brutal response, but the slaveholders ultimately were able to check the threat to slave property posed by enraged whites. As a result, far fewer slaves and free blacks in Southampton were killed as whites suppressed the revolt. An original interpretation of the revolt, 'This land shall be deluged' uses the dramatic events in Southampton to explore both the relationship of the black community to the rebels and whites.0Unlike earlier works, which have emphasized the importance of resistance or negotiating to slaves, this work explores the ambiguities faced by members of the black community as they tried to decide if they would join the rebels, support their masters, or try to avoid taking sides. This book also shows how the slaveholders were able to create a hegemonic account of the revolt that saved their slaves from white retribution, which was the most dangerous threat facing the slaveholders' human property. The majority of the book is a close narrative of the events, stressing the characters and motivations of the rebelling slaves and the dynamics of power within and between the white and black communities.

The Old South S Modern Worlds

Author: L. Diane Barnes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199841012
Size: 29.98 MB
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The Old South has traditionally been portrayed as an insular and backward-looking society. The Old South's Modern Worlds looks beyond this myth to identify some of the many ways that antebellum southerners were enmeshed in the modernizing trends of their time. The essays gathered in this volume not only tell unexpected narratives of the Old South, they also explore the compatibility of slavery-the defining feature of antebellum southern life-with cultural and material markers of modernity such as moral reform, cities, and industry. Considered as proponents of American manifest destiny, for example, antebellum southern politicians look more like nationalists and less like separatists. Though situated within distinct communities, Southerners'-white, black, and red-participated in and responded to movements global in scope and transformative in effect. The turmoil that changes in Asian and European agriculture wrought among southern staple producers shows the interconnections between seemingly isolated southern farms and markets in distant lands. Deprovincializing the antebellum South, The Old South's Modern Worlds illuminates a diverse region both shaped by and contributing to the complex transformations of the nineteenth-century world.

Die Reformation Der Rechte

Author: John Witte Jr.
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3788728345
Size: 52.71 MB
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Johannes Calvin entwickelte ein neues Verständnis von Rechten und Freiheiten, von Kirche und Staat, das das Rechtssystem der frühen protestantischen Staaten formte. Seine Lehren, die sich schnell in Westeuropa ausbreiteten, wurden immer wieder durch große Krisen herausgefordert: die französischen Religionskriege, die niederländische Revolte, die englische Revolution, die amerikanische Kolonisation und Revolution. In solchen Krisen waren es Anhänger Calvins, die sein Denken aktualisierten und der neuen Situation anpassten. Eine Reihe grundlegender westlicher Auffassungen von Religion und politischen Rechten, sozialem und konfessionellem Pluralismus, Föderalismus und Gesellschaftsvertrag haben im frühmodernen Calvinismus ihren Ursprung.