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The Other S War

Author: Tarik Kochi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134015720
Size: 36.86 MB
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The Other's War is an intervention into a set of contemporary moral, political and legal debates over the legitimacy of war and terrorism within the context of the so-called global War on Terror. Tarik Kochi considers how, despite the variety of its approaches – just war theory, classical realist, post-Kantian, poststructuralist – contemporary ethical, political and legal philosophy still struggles to produce a convincing account of war. Focusing on the philosophical problem of the rightness of war, The Other's War responds to this lack. Through a discussion of a number of key Western intellectual traditions, Kochi demonstrates how often conflicting and contradictory conceptions of war’s rightness have developed in modernity. He shows how a process of ordering violence around different notions of right has constantly redrawn the boundaries of what constitutes ‘legitimate’ violence. Such a process has consequences for anyone who claims to be fighting a ‘just war’. Building upon this account and drawing upon the philosophical heritage of G.W.F. Hegel and Ernst Bloch, The Other’s War proposes a new understanding of war, not just as a social condition characterised by violent conflict and struggles for power, but as the attempt of individuals and groups to realise their normative claims through violence. Kochi argues that both of these aspects of war are an expression of the metaphysics of human subjectivity. War begins with, and is the radical exaggeration of, a fundamental activity of human subjectivity, in which the subject constitutes its normative and material identity; realising and positing itself through acts that involve negation and violence. By drawing consideration of the problem of war back to the level of a philosophical examination of the metaphysics of human subjectivity, The Other's War develops a novel theory of war that helps us to better understand the nature of contemporary conflict as a process of recognition. From this perspective, judgment, it is concluded, needs to be constantly guided by the effort to recognise the ethics of the other's war.

Recognition Conflict And The Problem Of Global Ethical Community

Author: Shannon Brincat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317519132
Size: 51.30 MB
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Recognition is a fundamental aspect of all social interactions; between individuals, groups, local communities and sovereign states. Recognition refers to those sociological processes whereby two or more entities (such as states), groups (such as ethnic or cultural communities) or individuals interact with one another and come to understand themselves, and the other, as mutually free individuals: as social agents whose identities, interests and outlooks are equally bound together. Without the foundational act of recognition, relations can become unequal and antagonistic, leading to social pathologies, denigration and even open conflict. This volume brings together leading international scholars of recognition theory in world politics to discuss the potential for recognition to pacify relations between states, groups and individuals and to develop recognition processes in the global community. It examines the implications of recognition theory in helping to understand the problem of conflict and the possibilities for forging a form of global ethical community. This book was published as a special issue of Global Discourse.

The Future Of Just War

Author: Caron E. Gentry
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820346535
Size: 49.91 MB
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Just War scholarship has adapted to contemporary crises and situations. But its adaptation has spurned debate and conversation—a method and means of pushing its thinking forward. Now the Just War tradition risks becoming marginalized. This concern may seem out of place as Just War literature is proliferating, yet this literature remains welded to traditional conceptualizations of Just War. Caron E. Gentry and Amy E. Eckert argue that the tradition needs to be updated to deal with substate actors within the realm of legitimate authority, private military companies, and the questionable moral difference between the use of conventional and nuclear weapons. Additionally, as recent policy makers and scholars have tried to make the Just War criteria legalistic, they have weakened the tradition's ability to draw from and adjust to its contemporaneous setting. The essays in The Future of Just War seek to reorient the tradition around its core concerns of preventing the unjust use of force by states and limiting the harm inflicted on vulnerable populations such as civilian noncombatants. The pursuit of these challenges involves both a reclaiming of traditional Just War principles from those who would push it toward greater permissiveness with respect to war, as well as the application of Just War principles to emerging issues, such as the growing use of robotics in war or the privatization of force. These essays share a commitment to the idea that the tradition is more about a rigorous application of Just War principles than the satisfaction of a checklist of criteria to be met before waging “just” war in the service of national interest.

Ethics As Foreign Policy

Author: Dan Bulley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN:
Size: 66.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Ethical foreign policy has often been considered utopian, unrealistic and potentially very dangerous. Dan Bulley argues for a reconceptualisation of ethics as foreign policy, as both look to how we can, and ought to, relate to others. Inspired by the deconstructive thought of Jacques Derrida, Bulley studies the ethical claims of British (1997-2007) and EU (1999-2004) foreign policy. These claims are read against themselves to illustrate their deep ambiguity. A textual analysis of speeches, statements and interviews given by foreign policy makers shows that a responsibility to save 'Africa', to protect Iraqis, and to hospitably welcome the Balkans into the EU are also irresponsible, inhospitable and unethical. The author contends that foreign policies making a claim to morality are ethical and unethical, in their own terms, suggesting that while a truly ethical foreign policy remains ultimately unachievable, it does not justify abandoning a responsible relation to others. Rather, a negotiation of ethics as foreign policy suggests potential individual, context-bound decisions which remain open to contestation and permanent critique. Bulley argues that the goal of ethical foreign policy must be maintained as a productive hope of what is neither completely impossible, nor entirely possible.

Das Ich Im Wir

Author: Axel Honneth
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518732382
Size: 42.80 MB
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In den Aufsätzen dieses Bandes verfolgt Axel Honneth seine Überlegungen zu einer Theorie der Anerkennung weiter, vertieft klassische Fragestellungen und erschließt neue Forschungsfelder. Im Vordergrund steht dabei die Absicht, die ursprünglich von Hegel entwickelten Ideen für eine zeitgenössische Konzeption der Gerechtigkeit fruchtbar zu machen. Es soll aber auch gezeigt werden, daß von einem normativen Begriff der Anerkennung aus eine Brücke zu sozialwissenschaftlichen Themen zu schlagen ist, wie sie in der soziologischen Gegenwartsdiagnose oder der Psychoanalyse verhandelt werden.

Zum Ewigen Frieden Und Andere Schriften

Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104018979
Size: 25.12 MB
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Mit dem Werkbeitrag aus Kindlers Literatur Lexikon. Mit dem Autorenporträt aus dem Metzler Philosophen Lexikon. Mit Daten zu Leben und Werk, exklusiv verfasst von der Redaktion der Zeitschrift für Literatur TEXT + KRITIK. In einer seiner bekanntesten Schriften entwickelt Immanuel Kant mit atemberaubender Modernität ein Staatskonzept, das zum ›Ewigen Frieden‹ nicht nur eine politisch argumentierende Öffentlichkeit voraussetzt, sondern auch internationale Rechtsverbindlichkeit fordert. 150 Jahre später beginnen die Vereinten Nationen ihre Arbeit daran. Aber Kant mischt sich in seinen anderen Schriften auch in Fragen der Alltagskultur ein, die nichts an Aktualität verloren haben, zum Beispiel das Raubkopieren ...

Jungenforschung Empirisch

Author: Jürgen Budde
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531166834
Size: 68.53 MB
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Über Jungen in der Schule wird aktuell viel geredet, eine umfassende wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung steht jedoch bislang noch aus. Der Stand der Jungenforschung erweist sich als empirisch und theoretisch wenig fundiert, ein systematischer Bezug auf die Schule als Institution fehlt weitestgehend. Dieses Buch zeigt aktuelle Perspektiven im Anschluss an das Habituskonzept auf und stellt Bezüge zwischen Schule, Jungen und Peerkultur aus nationaler und internationaler Sicht her. Die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse zeigen, dass Jungen eine höchst heterogene Gruppe sind und dass das vereinfachte Bild der Jungen als Bildungsverlierer nicht haltbar ist.