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The Outbreak Of The Peloponnesian War

Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467209
Size: 77.48 MB
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The first volume of Donald Kagan's acclaimed four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War offers a new evaluation of the origins and causes of the conflict, based on evidence produced by modern scholarship and on a careful reconsideration of the ancient texts. He focuses his study on the question: Was the war inevitable, or could it have been avoided? Kagan takes issue with Thucydides' view that the war was inevitable, that the rise of the Athenian Empire in a world with an existing rival power made a clash between the two a certainty. Asserting instead that the origin of the war "cannot, without serious distortion, be treated in isolation from the internal history of the states involved," Kagan traces the connections between domestic politics, constitutional organization, and foreign affairs. He further examines the evidence to see what decisions were made that led to war, at each point asking whether a different decision would have been possible.

Thucydides On The Outbreak Of War

Author: S. N. Jaffe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192524747
Size: 53.28 MB
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The cause of great power war is a perennial issue for the student of politics. Some 2,400 years ago, in his monumental History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides wrote that it was the growth of Athenian power and the fear that this power inspired in Sparta which rendered the Peloponnesian War somehow necessary, inevitable, or compulsory. In this new political psychological study of Thucydides' first book, S.N. Jaffe shows how the History's account of the outbreak of the war ultimately points toward the opposing characters of the Athenian and Spartan regimes, disclosing a Thucydidean preoccupation with the interplay between nature and convention. Jaffe explores how the character of the contest between Athens and Sparta, or how the outbreak of a particular war, can reveal Thucydides' account of the recurring human causes of war and peace. The political thought of Thucydides proves bound up with his distinctive understanding of the interrelationship of particular events and more universal themes.

The Peace Of Nicias And The Sicilian Expedition

Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467241
Size: 17.50 MB
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Why did the Peace of Nicias fail to reconcile Athens and Sparta? In the third volume of his landmark four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian expedition to Sicily in 413 B.C. The principal figure in the narrative is the Athenian politician and general Nicias, whose policies shaped the treaty and whose military strategies played a major role in the attack against Sicily.

From Plataea To Potidaea

Author: E. Badian
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801844317
Size: 17.24 MB
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From the Greek victory over Persian forces on the field of Plataea to the Athenian blockade of the rebel city of Potidaea - key events in the Persian and Peloponnesian wars, respectively - the half-century of Greek history known as the Pentecontaetia is an era for which sources are few and interpretation is controversial. Now, eminent historian E. Badian brings together six essays - one new and five revised for this volume - that shed new light on one of the key periods in the history of the ancient world. How was the Persian War finally settled, and what was the nature of the relationship that emerged between the two great powers of the Aegean, Athens and Persia? Is it possible to determine the sequence of events of the half-century between Xerxes' retreat and the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War? Should the general picture of Thucydides as the objective and "scientific" historian be revised, at least as far as this period is concerned? In addressing these and other questions, E. Badian provides the penetrating insights and rigorous scholarly argument, to which his readers have become accustomed.

The Peloponnesian War

Author: Lawrence A. Tritle
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313324994
Size: 29.87 MB
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Examines the Peloponnesian War from political, geographical, material, and cultural perspectives.

A New History Of The Peloponnesian War

Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467284
Size: 44.87 MB
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A New History of the Peloponnesian War is an ebook-only omnibus edition that includes all four volumes of Donald Kagan's acclaimed account of the war between Athens and Sparta (431–404 B.C.): The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, The Archidamian War, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Reviewing the four-volume set in The New Yorker, George Steiner wrote, "The temptation to acclaim Kagan's four volumes as the foremost work of history produced in North America in the twentieth century is vivid. . . . Here is an achievement that not only honors the criteria of dispassion and of unstinting scruple which mark the best of modern historicism but honors its readers." All four volumes are also sold separately as both print books and ebooks.

Das Meer Als Versprechen

Author: Hans Kopp
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647253243
Size: 49.79 MB
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Thukydides’ Geschichte des Peloponnesischen Krieges (ca. 400 v. Chr.) gilt als der Klassiker der antiken Auseinandersetzung mit ›Seeherrschaft‹. Es wird sogar angenommen, das Werk sei verfasst worden, um ein bleibendes Zeugnis vom Wert und der Bedeutung maritimer Macht abzulegen, geschrieben nicht allein mit Blick auf die Zeit des klassischen Athen, sondern mit universellerem Anspruch. Angesichts solch wirkmächtiger Deutungstraditionen unterzieht die Untersuchung den Text einer neuerlichen Analyse, die nach der tieferen Funktion fragt, die dem Motiv der ›Beherrschung des Meeres‹ in Thukydides’ historiographischem Bericht zukommt. Anhand einer detaillierten, die literarische Gestaltung des Textes ebenso wie seine zeitgenössischen Bedingungen beachtenden Lektüre wird deutlich, dass Thukydides weit davon entfernt ist, einer Seeherrschaftsideologie das Wort zu reden. Vielmehr demonstriert er an seinem historischen Gegenstand die Möglichkeiten und vor allem auch die Grenzen dieser Macht, um dadurch die Unzulänglichkeit einer Entscheidungsfindung offenzulegen, die sich auch vom Versprechen grenzenloser Macht zur See leiten ließ. Der Vergleich mit anderen Texten, die die Frage der ›Beherrschbarkeit‹ des Meeres verhandeln, kann Thukydides’ Darstellung weiter in den Kontext zeitgenössischer Reflexion einordnen und verdeutlichen, wie er den Seeherrschaftsdiskurs des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. aufgriff und zu einem Element seiner historischen Analyse formte.