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The Physical Chemistry Of Materials

Author: Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420082739
Size: 68.26 MB
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In recent years, the area dealing with the physical chemistry of materials has become an emerging discipline in materials science that emphasizes the study of materials for chemical, sustainable energy, and pollution abatement applications. Written by an active researcher in this field, Physical Chemistry of Materials: Energy and Environmental Applications presents methods for synthesizing and characterizing adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, heterogeneous catalysts, and permeable porous and dense materials. It also discusses their properties and applications. The book explores various examples of these important materials, including perovskites, zeolites, mesoporous molecular sieves, silica, alumina, active carbons, carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide, magnesium oxide, clays, pillared clays, hydrotalcites, alkali metal titanates, titanium silicates, polymers, and coordination polymers. It shows how the materials are used in adsorption, ion conduction, ion exchange, gas separation, membrane reactors, catalysts, catalysts supports, sensors, pollution abatement, detergency, animal nourishment, agriculture, and sustainable energy applications. Rising pollution levels and the need for sustainable energy have necessitated new ways of using certain materials to combat these problems. Focusing on this emerging discipline, Physical Chemistry of Materials describes the methods of syntheses and characterization of adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, catalysts, and permeable materials. It tackles key issues in materials science and physical chemistry.

The Physical Chemistry Of Materials Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467214019
Size: 15.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Physical Chemistry of Materials, Energy and Environmental Applications. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Polymer Based Nanocomposites For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019114
Size: 57.29 MB
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Polymer-Based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive and updated review of major innovations in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites for energy and environmental applications. It covers properties and applications, including the synthesis of polymer based nanocomposites from different sources and tactics on the efficacy and major challenges associated with successful scale-up fabrication. The chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of polymer based nanocomposites in energy and environmental applications, while also detailing how to achieve material’s characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. It is an essential reference for future research in polymer based nanocomposites as topics such as sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for highly innovative and applied materials are current topics of importance. Covers a wide range of research on polymer based nanocomposites Provides updates on the most relevant polymer based nanocomposites and their prodigious potential in the fields of energy and the environment Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of polymer based nanocomposites Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Supercritical Fluid Technology For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Vladimir Anikeev
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444626972
Size: 49.22 MB
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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials For Energy

Author: Zhiqun Lin
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019785
Size: 22.59 MB
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Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials for Energy discusses recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials, such as semiconductors, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and graphene, with an emphasis on their novel properties and synthesis strategies and discussions of their fundamental principles and applicational achievements in energy fields, for example, hydrogen generation from water splitting, CO2 reduction to hydrocarbon fuels, degradation of organic pollutions and solar cells. This book serves as a valuable reference book for researchers, but is also an instructive text for undergraduate and postgraduate students who want to learn about multifunctional photocatalytic materials to stimulate their interests in designing and creating advanced materials. Covers all aspects of recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials Provides fundamental understanding of the structure, properties and energy applications of these materials Contains contributions from leading international experts in the field working in multidisciplinary subject areas Focuses on advanced applications and future research advancements, such as graphene-based nanomaterials and multi-hybrid nanocomposites Presents a valuable reference for researchers and students that stimulates interest in designing advanced materials for renewable energy resources

Electrospinning For Advanced Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Sara Cavaliere
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482217686
Size: 37.90 MB
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Electrospinning for Advanced Energy and Environmental Applications delivers a state-of-the-art overview of the use of electrospun fibers in energy conversion and storage, as well as in environmental sensing and remediation. Featuring contributions from leading experts in electrospinning and its specific applications, this book: Introduces the electrospinning technique and its origins, outlining achievable one-dimensional (1D) nanoscaled materials and their various applications Discusses the use of electrospun materials in energy devices, including low- and high-temperature fuel cells, hydrogen storage, dye-sensitized solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, and supercapacitors Explores environmental applications of electrospun fibers, such as the use of electrospinning-issued materials in membranes for water and air purification, as well as in sensors and biosensors for pollution control Beneficial to both academic and industrial audiences, Electrospinning for Advanced Energy and Environmental Applications presents basic electrospinning approaches and their advantages in dedicated applications, while providing a review of the latest advances and technical challenges associated with electrospun materials. The book serves as a reference for field newcomers and experts alike, inspiring new ideas and developments for future energy and environmental applications.

Physical Chemical Mechanics Of Disperse Systems And Materials

Author: Eugene D. Shchukin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466567104
Size: 73.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Physical–Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials is a novel interdisciplinary area in the science of the disperse state of matter. It covers the broad spectrum of objects and systems with dimensions ranging from nanometers to millimeters and establishes a fundamental basis for controlling and tuning the properties of these systems as well as the processes taking place in them. Physical–chemical mechanics focuses on the analysis of the complex physical–chemical interfacial phenomena taking place both in the transition of a dispersed system into a material, such as in the course of pressing, sintering, hydration hardening, and sol-gel transitions, and in the course of the dispersion of bulk materials taking place in milling, mechanical treatment, friction and wear, and fracturing. These studies are based on thorough experimental investigation of contact interactions between particles in these processes. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers basic principles of the formation, stability and rupture of contacts between particles in different media and in surfactant solutions, as well as the properties of coagulation structures and their rheology. The second section covers surface phenomena taking place in solid-like structures with phase contacts and in compact bodies with an emphasis on several applications and processes as well as the special role of the Rehbinder effect. Where appropriate and relevant, the book presents essays on specific significant and principal studies, such as the damageability of crystal and glass surfaces, the strength of industrial catalysts, the nano-mechanisms of cement hardening, the role of the structure-mechanical barrier in the stabilization of fluorinated systems, and contact interactions in papermaking. It also devotes attention to experimental methods used in physical–chemical mechanics, the direct measurement of contact strength, and relevant instrumentations. The book utilizes the content used over many years in lecture courses and includes fundamental material on colloid and surface chemistry, the strength of materials, rheology, and tensors, which makes it well suited for novices and experts in the field.

Inorganic Membranes For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Arun C. Bose
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387345264
Size: 45.15 MB
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Research interest in inorganic membrane materials and processes has significantly increased in recent years due to novel, potentially low-cost energy and fuel production applications. This book documents the recent progress in membrane science, especially in advanced materials and novel reaction and separation concepts. The book classifies membranes based on the mechanism of operation, i.e., size exclusion filtration, solution-diffusion, and mixed ion-electron conduction of the permeate streams. This is the first book on the use of inorganic membranes for fuel and energy applications.

Metal Semiconductor Core Shell Nanostructures For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Raju Kumar Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128124458
Size: 19.32 MB
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Metal Semiconductor Core-Shell Nanostructures for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a concise, scholarly overview of current research into the characterization of metal semiconductor core-shell nanostructures; the book shows how their properties can be best used in energy and environmental applications, particularly for solar cell and catalysis application. Coverage is also given to the effect of metal nanoparticle for charge generation or charge separation. The book is a valuable resource for academic researchers working in the areas of nanotechnology, sustainable energy and chemical engineering, and is also of great use to engineers working in photovoltaic and pollution industries. Includes a clear method for synthesis of core-shell nanomaterials Explores how metal semiconductor core-shell nanostructures can be used to improve the efficiency of solar cells Explains how the characteristics of metal semiconductor core-shell nanostructures make them particularly useful for sustainable energy and environmental applications

Materials Energy And Environment Engineering

Author: Raj Mohan B.
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811026750
Size: 11.21 MB
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This edited volume comprises the proceedings of ICACE-2015. In the recent past Chemical Engineering as a discipline has been diversifying into several frontier areas and this volume addresses the advances in core Chemical Engineering as well as allied fields. The contents of this volume focus on energy and environmental applications of chemical engineering research and on materials science aspects of chemical engineering. This book will be useful to researchers, students, and professionals, particularly those working on interdisciplinary applications of Chemical Engineering problems.