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The Physical Chemistry Of Materials

Author: Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420082739
Size: 14.14 MB
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In recent years, the area dealing with the physical chemistry of materials has become an emerging discipline in materials science that emphasizes the study of materials for chemical, sustainable energy, and pollution abatement applications. Written by an active researcher in this field, Physical Chemistry of Materials: Energy and Environmental Applications presents methods for synthesizing and characterizing adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, heterogeneous catalysts, and permeable porous and dense materials. It also discusses their properties and applications. The book explores various examples of these important materials, including perovskites, zeolites, mesoporous molecular sieves, silica, alumina, active carbons, carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide, magnesium oxide, clays, pillared clays, hydrotalcites, alkali metal titanates, titanium silicates, polymers, and coordination polymers. It shows how the materials are used in adsorption, ion conduction, ion exchange, gas separation, membrane reactors, catalysts, catalysts supports, sensors, pollution abatement, detergency, animal nourishment, agriculture, and sustainable energy applications. Rising pollution levels and the need for sustainable energy have necessitated new ways of using certain materials to combat these problems. Focusing on this emerging discipline, Physical Chemistry of Materials describes the methods of syntheses and characterization of adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, catalysts, and permeable materials. It tackles key issues in materials science and physical chemistry.

The Physical Chemistry Of Materials Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467214019
Size: 26.79 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Physical Chemistry of Materials, Energy and Environmental Applications. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Polymer Based Nanocomposites For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019114
Size: 13.41 MB
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Polymer-Based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive and updated review of major innovations in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites for energy and environmental applications. It covers properties and applications, including the synthesis of polymer based nanocomposites from different sources and tactics on the efficacy and major challenges associated with successful scale-up fabrication. The chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of polymer based nanocomposites in energy and environmental applications, while also detailing how to achieve material’s characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. It is an essential reference for future research in polymer based nanocomposites as topics such as sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for highly innovative and applied materials are current topics of importance. Covers a wide range of research on polymer based nanocomposites Provides updates on the most relevant polymer based nanocomposites and their prodigious potential in the fields of energy and the environment Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of polymer based nanocomposites Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Physical Chemical Mechanics Of Disperse Systems And Materials

Author: Eugene D. Shchukin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466567104
Size: 30.25 MB
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Physical–Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials is a novel interdisciplinary area in the science of the disperse state of matter. It covers the broad spectrum of objects and systems with dimensions ranging from nanometers to millimeters and establishes a fundamental basis for controlling and tuning the properties of these systems as well as the processes taking place in them. Physical–chemical mechanics focuses on the analysis of the complex physical–chemical interfacial phenomena taking place both in the transition of a dispersed system into a material, such as in the course of pressing, sintering, hydration hardening, and sol-gel transitions, and in the course of the dispersion of bulk materials taking place in milling, mechanical treatment, friction and wear, and fracturing. These studies are based on thorough experimental investigation of contact interactions between particles in these processes. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers basic principles of the formation, stability and rupture of contacts between particles in different media and in surfactant solutions, as well as the properties of coagulation structures and their rheology. The second section covers surface phenomena taking place in solid-like structures with phase contacts and in compact bodies with an emphasis on several applications and processes as well as the special role of the Rehbinder effect. Where appropriate and relevant, the book presents essays on specific significant and principal studies, such as the damageability of crystal and glass surfaces, the strength of industrial catalysts, the nano-mechanisms of cement hardening, the role of the structure-mechanical barrier in the stabilization of fluorinated systems, and contact interactions in papermaking. It also devotes attention to experimental methods used in physical–chemical mechanics, the direct measurement of contact strength, and relevant instrumentations. The book utilizes the content used over many years in lecture courses and includes fundamental material on colloid and surface chemistry, the strength of materials, rheology, and tensors, which makes it well suited for novices and experts in the field.

Supercritical Fluid Technology For Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Vladimir Anikeev
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444626972
Size: 65.38 MB
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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials For Energy

Author: Zhiqun Lin
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081019785
Size: 21.57 MB
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Multifunctional Photocatalytic Materials for Energy discusses recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials, such as semiconductors, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and graphene, with an emphasis on their novel properties and synthesis strategies and discussions of their fundamental principles and applicational achievements in energy fields, for example, hydrogen generation from water splitting, CO2 reduction to hydrocarbon fuels, degradation of organic pollutions and solar cells. This book serves as a valuable reference book for researchers, but is also an instructive text for undergraduate and postgraduate students who want to learn about multifunctional photocatalytic materials to stimulate their interests in designing and creating advanced materials. Covers all aspects of recent developments in multifunctional photocatalytic materials Provides fundamental understanding of the structure, properties and energy applications of these materials Contains contributions from leading international experts in the field working in multidisciplinary subject areas Focuses on advanced applications and future research advancements, such as graphene-based nanomaterials and multi-hybrid nanocomposites Presents a valuable reference for researchers and students that stimulates interest in designing advanced materials for renewable energy resources

Materials For Sustainable Energy

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128150785
Size: 26.65 MB
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Materials for Sustainable Energy, Volume 72, the latest release in the Advances in Inorganic Chemistry series presents timely and informative summaries on the current progress in a variety of subject areas. In this volume, concise, authoritative reviews provide updates on the photocatalytic generation of solar fuels (heterogeneous systems), Photocatalytic materials for energy and environment, The photoelectrocatalytic production of solar fuels, Artificial photosynthesis (homogeneous catalysis), The photocatalytic synthesis of chemicals, Dye sensitized solar cells, Supercapacitors, Lithium ion cells, Catalytic air purification (VOCs, soot), Catalytic air purification (NOx), and more. Features comprehensive reviews on the latest developments in inorganic reaction mechanisms, a subfield of inorganic chemistry Includes contributions from leading experts in the field of inorganic reaction mechanisms Serves as an indispensable reference to advanced researchers in inorganic reaction mechanisms

Adsorption And Diffusion In Nanoporous Materials Second Edition

Author: Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351395769
Size: 61.53 MB
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Offering a materials science point of view, the author covers the theory and practice of adsorption and diffusion applied to gases in microporous crystalline, mesoporous ordered, and micro/mesoporous amorphous materials. Examples used include microporous and mesoporous molecular sieves, amorphous silica, and alumina and active carbons, akaganeites, prussian blue analogues, metal organic frameworks and covalent organic frameworks. The use of single component adsorption, diffusion in the characterization of the adsorbent surface, pore volume, pore size distribution, and the study of the parameters characterizing single component transport processes in porous materials are detailed.

Carbon Based Polymer Nanocomposites For Environmental And Energy Applications

Author: Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128135751
Size: 37.34 MB
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Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Nanomaterials In Energy And Environmental Applications

Author: Junhui He
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315341298
Size: 55.91 MB
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Nanoscience and nanotechnology are interdisciplinary fields that bring together physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and engineers to meet the potential future challenges that humankind will face, including the search for renewable energies for sustainable development and new technologies for carbon capture and environmental protection. Among the current subjects in nanoscience and nanotechnology, nanomaterials are developing fast and explosively and attracting a huge amount of attention. They continue to show promising potential and have found application in solar cells, fuel cells, secondary batteries, supercapacitors, air and water purification, and removal of domestic and outdoor air pollutants. To summarize the past developments and encourage future efforts, this book presents contributions from world-renowned specialists in the fields of nanomaterials, energy, and environmental science. It discusses the design and fabrication of nanostructured materials and their energy and environmental applications.