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The Physics And Chemistry Of Color

Author: Kurt Nassau
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 71.92 MB
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An updated and revised second edition of the acclaimed classic Have you ever wondered why the sky is blue, or a ruby red? This classic volume studies the physical and chemical origins of color by exploring fifteen separate causes of color and their varied and often subtle occurrences in biology, geology, mineralogy, the atmosphere, technology, and the visual arts. It covers all of the fundamental concepts at work and requires no specialized knowledge. Author Kurt Nassau includes hundreds of illustrations, tables, and photographs-as well as end-of-chapter problems-that aid in visualizing the concepts discussed. An updated bibliography permits readers to pursue their own particular interests and an expanded series of appendices cover advanced topics. The Physics and Chemistry of Color, Second Edition is a one-of-a-kind treatment of color that provides both detailed physical and chemical properties of color and a more general overview of the subject. It will prove highly useful to specialists and non-specialists alike-and fascinate those with varied interests from optics to art history.

Color Science And The Visual Arts

Author: Roy S. Berns
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 1606064819
Size: 37.14 MB
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“A curator, a paintings conservator, a photographer, and a conservation scientist walk into a bar.” What happens next? In lively and accessible prose, color science expert Roy S. Berns helps the reader understand complex color-technology concepts and offers solutions to problems that occur when art is displayed, conserved, imaged, or reproduced. Berns writes for two types of audiences: museum professionals seeking explanations for common color-related issues and students in conservation, museum studies, and art history programs. The seven chapters in the book fall naturally into two sections: fundamentals, covering topics such as spectral measurements, metamerism, and color inconstancy; and applications, where artwork display, painting materials, and color reproduction are discussed. A unique feature of this book is the use of more than 200 images as its main medium of communication, employing color physics, color vision, and imaging science to produce visualizations throughout the pages. An annotated bibliography complements the main text with suggestions for further reading and more in-depth study of particular topics. Engaging, incisive, and absolutely critical for any scholar or student interested in color science, Color Science and the Visual Arts is sure to become a key reference for the entire field.

Statistical Optics

Author: Joseph W. Goodman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119009464
Size: 49.11 MB
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This book discusses statistical methods that are useful for treating problems in modern optics, and the application of these methods to solving a variety of such problems This book covers a variety of statistical problems in optics, including both theory and applications. The text covers the necessary background in statistics, statistical properties of light waves of various types, the theory of partial coherence and its applications, imaging with partially coherent light, atmospheric degradations of images, and noise limitations in the detection of light. New topics have been introduced in the second edition, including: Analysis of the Vander Pol oscillator model of laser light Coverage on coherence tomography and coherence multiplexing of fiber sensors An expansion of the chapter on imaging with partially coherent light, including several new examples An expanded section on speckle and its properties New sections on the cross-spectrum and bispectrum techniques for obtaining images free from atmospheric distortions A new section on imaging through atmospheric turbulence using coherent light The addition of the effects of “read noise” to the discussions of limitations encountered in detecting very weak optical signals A number of new problems and many new references have been added Statistical Optics, Second Edition is written for researchers and engineering students interested in optics, physicists and chemists, as well as graduate level courses in a University Engineering or Physics Department.

Fundamentals Of Infrared And Visible Detector Operation And Testing

Author: John David Vincent
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119011884
Size: 71.22 MB
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Presents a comprehensive introduction to the selection,operation, and testing of infrared devices, including adescription of modern detector assemblies and theiroperation This book discusses how to use and test infrared and visibledetectors. The book provides a convenient reference for thoseentering the field of IR detector design, test or use, those whowork in the peripheral areas, and those who teach and train othersin the field. Chapter 1 contains introductory material. Radiometry is coveredin Chapter 2. The author examines Thermal detectors in Chapter 3;the “Classical” photon detectors – simplephotoconductors and photovoltaics in Chapter 4; and “ModernPhoton Detectors” in Chapter 5. Chapters 6 through 8consider respectively individual elements and small arrays ofelements the “readouts” (ROICs) used with large imagingarrays; and Electronics for FPA Operation and Testing. The Test Setand The Testing Process are analyzed in Chapters 9 and 10, withemphasis on uncertainty and trouble shooting. Chapters 11 through15 discuss related skills, such as Uncertainty, Cryogenics, Vacuum,Optics, and the use of Fourier Transforms in the detector business.Some highlights of this new edition are that it Discusses radiometric nomenclature and calculations, detectormechanisms, the associated electronics, how these devices aretested, and real-life effects and problems Examines new tools in Infrared detector operations,specifically: selection and use of ROICs, electronics for FPAoperation, operation of single element and very small FPAs,microbolometers, and multi-color FPAs Contains five chapters with frequently sought-after informationon related subjects, such as uncertainty, optics, cryogenics,vacuum, and the use of Fourier mathematics for detectoranalyses Fundamentals of Infrared and Visible Detector Operation andTesting, Second Edition, provides the background and vocabularynecessary to help readers understand the selection, operation, andtesting of modern infrared devices.

Physics Of Photonic Devices

Author: Shun Lien Chuang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118585658
Size: 13.38 MB
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The most up-to-date book available on the physics of photonicdevices This new edition of Physics of Photonic Devices incorporatessignificant advancements in the field of photonics that haveoccurred since publication of the first edition (Physics ofOptoelectronic Devices). New topics covered include a brief historyof the invention of semiconductor lasers, the Lorentz dipole methodand metal plasmas, matrix optics, surface plasma waveguides,optical ring resonators, integrated electroabsorptionmodulator-lasers, and solar cells. It also introduces exciting newfields of research such as: surface plasmonics and micro-ringresonators; the theory of optical gain and absorption in quantumdots and quantum wires and their applications in semiconductorlasers; and novel microcavity and photonic crystal lasers,quantum-cascade lasers, and GaN blue-green lasers within thecontext of advanced semiconductor lasers. Physics of Photonic Devices, Second Edition presents novelinformation that is not yet available in book form elsewhere. Manyproblem sets have been updated, the answers to which are availablein an all-new Solutions Manual for instructors. Comprehensive,timely, and practical, Physics of Photonic Devices is an invaluabletextbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses inphotonics and an indispensable tool for researchers working in thisrapidly growing field.

Photonic Crystals Theory Applications And Fabrication

Author: Dennis W Prather
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047027803X
Size: 68.88 MB
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"This book presents in detail the fundamental theoretical background necessary to understand the unique optical phenomena arising from the crystalline nature of photonic-crystal structures and their application across a range of disciplines. The book is organized to take readers from basic concepts to more advanced topics." "The authors assume an elementary knowledge of electromagnetism, vector calculus, Fourier analysis, and complex number analysis. Therefore, the book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students in physics, applied physics, optics, electronics, and chemical and electrical engineering, as well as graduate students and researchers in these fields."--Jacket.

Optical Detection Theory For Laser Applications

Author: Gregory R. Osche
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471224112
Size: 54.61 MB
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A comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of optical detection theory Laser system applications are becoming more numerous, particularly in the fields of communications and remote sensing. Filling a significant gap in the literature, Optical Detection Theory for Laser Applications addresses the theoretical aspects of optical detection and associated phenomenologies, describing the fundamental optical, statistical, and mathematical principles of the modern laser system. The book is especially valuable for its extensive treatment of direct detection statistics, which has no analog in radar detection theory and which has never before been compiled in a cohesive manner in a single book. Coverage includes: * A review of mathematical statistics and statistical decision theory * Performance of truncated and untruncated coherent and direct detection systems using Huygens-Fresnel and Gaussian beam theories * Rough surface scatter and atmospheric propagation effects * Single-pulse detection statistics for direct and coherent detection systems * Multi-pulse detection statistics for direct and coherent detection systems Supported by additional comments providing further insights into the physics or mathematics discussed and an extensive list of classic references, Optical Detection Theory for Laser Applications comprises a much-needed reference for the professional scientist or engineer, as well as a solid textbook for advanced students.

Fiber Optic Sensors

Author: Eric Udd
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 63.51 MB
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A comprehensive introduction to this fast growing technology This book provides an introduction to the rapidly advancing and expanding field of fiber optic sensors, with chapters contributed by internationally recognized experts. Each of the three sections-Basic Components, Technology, and Applications-offers a stand-alone primer on a key area of the field. Together, they give engineers, scientists, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates a comprehensive resource on fiber optic sensors. Initial chapters cover optical fibers, light sources, and detectors and optical modulators, introducing the fundamental building blocks of fiber optic sensors and pointing out the many connections between these elements and fiber optic sensor technology. Subsequent chapters cover: * Extrinsic or hybrid fiber optic sensors * Intensity sensors for monitoring temperature, position, and other environmental aspects * The Fabry-Perot based fiber optic sensor * The Mach-Zehnder interferometer * The Sagnac interferometer and fiber gyroscopes * Displacement fiber optic sensors * Polarization sensors * Industrial applications of fiber optic sensors * Fiber optic smart structures Pooling the expertise of leading professionals, Fiber Optic Sensors supplies an integral resource for understanding a key area of optical science and telecommunications.

Liquid Crystals

Author: Iam-Choon Khoo
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471751533
Size: 14.76 MB
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The fundamental science and latest applications of liquid crystal technologies An excellent professional reference and superior upper-level student text, Liquid Crystals, Second Edition is a comprehensive treatment of all the basic principles underlying the unique physical and optical properties of liquid crystals. Written by an internationally known pioneer in the nonlinear optics of liquid crystals, the book also provides a unique, in-depth discussion of the mechanisms and theoretical principles behind all major nonlinear optical phenomena occurring in liquid crystals. Fully revised and updated with the latest developments, this Second Edition covers: Basic physics and optical properties of liquid crystals Nematics, as well as other mesophases such as smectics, ferroelectrics, and cholesterics Fundamentals of liquid crystals for electro-optics, and display and non-display related applications Various theoretical and computational techniques used in describing optical propagation through liquid crystals and anisotropic materials Nonlinear optics of liquid crystals, including updated literature reviews and fundamental discussions Structured to follow a natural sequence of instruction, from basic physics to the latest specialized optical, electro-optical, and nonlinear applications, Liquid Crystals is a textbook that grounds students in the fundamentals before introducing them to the most current discoveries in the field. Written in a clear, reader-friendly style, it features numerous figures, tables, and illustrations, including important and hard-to-find device and material parameters. Invaluable to students, researchers, and those working with liquid crystal applications in various industries, Liquid Crystals, Second Edition is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource available.