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The Transformation Of Property Rights In The Gold Coast

Author: Kathryn Firmin-Sellers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521039352
Size: 77.16 MB
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This book explores the political process by which property rights are defined and enforced in two traditional states in colonial Ghana. The case studies within the book ask how colonial institutions transformed indigenous political and economic life; and how colonization and decolonization affected prospects for future economic development and stability in Africa. The introductory chapter outlines a theory of the transformation of property rights system while the remaining empirical chapters refine this theory through a detailed analysis of the transformation of property rights within an African context.

Where There Is No Government

Author: Sandra F. Joireman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199782725
Size: 58.55 MB
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It is safe to say that a sizeable majority of the world's population would agree with the proposition that that property rights are important for political and social stability as well as economic growth. But what happens when the state fails to enforce such rights? Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, this is in fact an endemic problem. In Where There is No Government, Sandra Joireman explains how weak state enforcement regimes have allowed private institutions in sub-Saharan Africa to define and enforce property rights. After delineating the types of actors who step in when the state is absent--traditional tribal leaders, entrepreneurial bureaucrats, NGOs, and violent groups--she argues that the institutions they develop can be helpful or predatory depending on their incentives and context. Because such institutions are neither inherently good nor inherently bad, Joireman develops a set of measurement criteria to assess which types of property regimes and enforcement mechanisms are helpful and which are harmful to social welfare. By focusing on the varieties of property rights enforcement in Ghana, Kenya and Uganda, Joireman moves beyond simply evaluating the effectiveness of official property rights laws. Provocatively, she also challenges the premise that changes in property law will lead to changes in property rights on the ground. Indeed, states that change their property laws face challenges in implementation when they do not control the authority structures in local communities. Utilizing original research on the competitors to state power in Sub-Saharan Africa and the challenges of providing secure and defensible property rights, Where There is No Government is a sharp analysis of one of the most daunting challenges facing the African subcontinent today.

Property And Political Order In Africa

Author: Catherine Boone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107729599
Size: 76.98 MB
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In sub-Saharan Africa, property relationships around land and access to natural resources vary across localities, districts and farming regions. These differences produce patterned variations in relationships between individuals, communities and the state. This book captures these patterns in an analysis of structure and variation in rural land tenure regimes. In most farming areas, state authority is deeply embedded in land regimes, drawing farmers, ethnic insiders and outsiders, lineages, villages and communities into direct and indirect relationships with political authorities at different levels of the state apparatus. The analysis shows how property institutions - institutions that define political authority and hierarchy around land - shape dynamics of great interest to scholars of politics, including the dynamics of land-related competition and conflict, territorial conflict, patron-client relations, electoral cleavage and mobilization, ethnic politics, rural rebellion, and the localization and 'nationalization' of political competition.

Institutions And Democracy In Africa

Author: Nic Cheeseman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107148243
Size: 76.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Offers new research on the vital importance of institutions, such as presidential term-limits in the African democratisation processes.

Politics Property And Production In The West African Sahel

Author: Tor Arve Benjaminsen
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
ISBN: 9789171064769
Size: 80.93 MB
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Through a number of case studies from the West African Sahel, this book links and explores natural resources management from the perspectives of politics, property and production.

Institutions And Ethnic Politics In Africa

Author: Daniel N. Posner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521833981
Size: 53.59 MB
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This book presents a theory to account for why and when politics revolves around one axis of social cleavage instead of another. It does so by examining the case of Zambia, where people identify themselves either as members of one of the country's seventy-three tribes or as members of one of its four principal language groups. Drawing on a simple model of identity choice, it shows that the answer depends on whether the country is operating under single-party or multi-party rule. The book thus demonstrates how formal institutional rules determine the kinds of social cleavages that matter in politics.