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The Politics Of The School Curriculum

Author: Denis Lawton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136710086
Size: 71.32 MB
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If the curriculum can be defined as a ‘selection from the culture of society’, the central question then becomes ‘who selects’. This volume answers this question, reviewing various aspects of the curriculum and its planning. For many years the control of the curriculum was uncontroversial. In the 1970s this situation changed: teachers were increasingly criticised for having too much power; the Department of Education was suspected of wanting more control and local education authorities felt they should be more involved in curriculum planning. In reviewing some of the reasons for these conflicting pressures, two central themes emerge: first, the change from a partnership model of control to a complex system of accountability; and second the fact that these and many other changes which occur tend to be brought about as a result of secret decisions and central manipulation rather than through open negotiation. Among the areas covered are the changing position of teachers and the Department of Education, the influence of examinations on the curriculum, and some political aspects of curriculum evaluation and the different models used.

The Challenge For The Comprehensive School

Author: David Hargreaves
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113666730X
Size: 79.91 MB
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By 1982 the ambitious claims made for newly established comprehensive schools were being put to the test. How effectively does the comprehensive meet the needs of all young people? Do urban, working-class students enjoy more success than in the secondary modern schools? Are they more engaged in their learning with higher self-esteem? This volume discusses these questions and examines issues of social mobility and cohesion, curriculum, the balance between academic and vocational education, the place of exams in the educational system and the influence of independent schools. The author asks whether a more decentralised system of self-governing schools improve the education service – a timely question which along with the other issues examined is as relevant and challenging today as when the book was originally published in 1982.

Regenerating The Curriculum

Author: Maurice Holt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136716521
Size: 75.11 MB
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Since the ‘Great Debate’ on education was launched in 1976, the need to bring greater coherence to the secondary curriculum has been generally recognized but to be effective, a new curriculum design must be implemented, and the process of planned educational change must be understood. Regenerating the Curriculum traces the social and political climate which led to a rejection of piecemeal change, and examines the implications of school-based development of the whole curriculum for national projects, for in-service training, and for the management of change processes in the school. It considers the need for new professional styles for head and teacher, and the role of external change agencies, and looks at the influence on the learning process of a unified curriculum based on a selection from the culture. Finally, the political context of curriculum change is studied at national, regional and local levels along with the emergent concept of accountability and its implication for authority structures in education.This book sets out the possible patterns of change in schools, local authorities and national policies, and suggests a number of strategies for regenerating the curriculum in the climate of evaluation and innovation that lies ahead.

Gender And The Politics Of The Curriculum

Author: Sheila Riddell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113663486X
Size: 78.76 MB
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This book uses detailed case studies of two secondary schools to examine the relationship between curriculum choice and gender identity among fourteen-year-old pupils making their first choices about what subjects to pursue at exam level. It reveals a two way process. Pupils’ decisions on what subject to take are influenced by how they perceive themselves in gender terms, and the curriculum once chosen reinforces their sense of gender divisions. The author looks at the influences on pupils at this stage in their lives from peers, family and the labour market as well as from teachers. She argues that the belief in freedom of choice and school neutrality espoused by many teachers can become an important factor in the reproduction of gender divisions, and that unless the introduction of the national curriculum is accompanied by systematic efforts to eradicate sexism from the hidden curriculum it will fail in its aim of creating greater equality of educational opportunity among the sexes.

Politics And Policy Making In Education

Author: Stephen J. Ball
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415675340
Size: 21.94 MB
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Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.

Defining The Curriculum

Author: Ivor F. Goodson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136716661
Size: 32.11 MB
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This book explores some of the major processes involved in the definition of school subject knowledge. Using historical ethnographic methods, the contributors to the collection highlight and examine some of the factors involved at national, institutional and classroom levels in the making of school subjects. The first section of the book outlines the theoretical and methodological basis for the study off school subjects, and the reasons for and the possibilities of such a study are considered. In the second section some histories of school curricula are presented from a variety of settings – colonial schools in Africa, working-class schools of the nineteenth century, nursery schools – and the conflicting forces of determination and change in school subjects are identified and examined. The third section focuses on the contemporary school situation and the papers isolate and investigate some of the interest groups and social processes which enter into or affect the realization of school knowledge in the classroom.

Political Science Routledge Library Editions Political Science Volume 14

Author: H. Victor Wiseman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135027013
Size: 33.56 MB
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This book, originally published in 1959, makes explicit the social principles which underlie the procedures and political practice of the modern democratic state. The authors take the view that in the modern welfare state there are problems connected with the nature of law, with concepts like rights, justice, equality, property, punishment, responsibility and liberty and which modern philosophical techniques can illuminate.

Sociology And School Knowledge

Author: Geoff Whitty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351838717
Size: 66.45 MB
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The rise of a radical ‘new’ sociology of education during the early 1970s focused attention on the nature of school knowledge. Although this new approach was set to revolutionize the subject, within a few years, many people considered these developments an eccentric interlude, with little relevance to curriculum theory or practice. First published in 1985, this book offers a more positive view of the new sociology of education and its contribution to our understanding of the curriculum. In doing so, it argues that some of the radical promise of the new sociology of education could be realised, but only if sociologists, teachers and political movements of the left work more closely together.

Political Education In A Democracy

Author: Harold Entwistle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136669965
Size: 41.90 MB
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In this volume the author analyzes the relationships of concepts such as socialization and political education, explains those aspects of the theory and practice of democracy that are especially relevant for schools, and suggests ways in which teachers can better provide for the political education of their students.

Curriculum Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415669650
Size: 48.28 MB
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When first published this book was one of the first collections of empirical research in the area of the knowledge transmitted in schools and the responses of students to it. It includes studies of the histories of particular school subjects and of how the knowledge they embody is presented in the classroom. Attention is also given to the effects of gender stereotypes among teachers and pupils, both on pupils' selection of courses to study and on their reactions to particular subjects in the classroom. The other major topic in this collection is the way external examinations shape the nature of the school curriculum and how it is taught. There are studies of how pupils and teachers adapt to the exam system, and of how that system and its role in the accountability of schools, have changed in recent years. The articles collected here throw into relief important aspects of what is taught in schools, and they do this on the basis of a solid foundation of empirical research.