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The Populist Signal

Author: Claudia Chwalisz
Publisher: Policy Network
ISBN: 9781783485420
Size: 36.63 MB
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This book gathers together new survey data, interviews and case studies to explore the rise of populism and the need for democratic change across Britain and Europe.

The Predistribution Agenda

Author: Claudia Chwalisz
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857729101
Size: 68.28 MB
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The concept of predistribution is increasingly setting the agenda in progressive politics. But what does it mean? The predistributive agenda is concerned with how states can alter the underlying distribution of market outcomes so they no longer rely solely on post hoc redistribution to achieve economic efficiency and social justice. It therefore offers an effective means of tackling economic and social inequality alongside traditional welfare policies, emphasising employability, human capital, and skills, as well as structuring markets to promote greater equity. At the same time, experts have warned that any shift away from a welfare state underpinned by traditional programmes of redistribution is potentially misguided: redistribution and predistribution should be complimentary rather than alternative strategies. This book explores how far key concerns of the pre-distribution agenda relate to social democratic politics in Western European societies, in particular how to secure the support of middle-income voters, women and families, and younger generational cohorts in an era of austerity. This book examines the key debates surrounding the emergence and development of predistributive thought with contributions from leading international scholars and policy-makers.

Class Politics And The Decline Of Deference In England 1968 2000

Author: Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198812574
Size: 43.18 MB
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In late twentieth-century England, inequality was rocketing, yet some have suggested that the politics of class was declining in significance, while others argue that class identities lost little power. Neither interpretation is satisfactory: class remained important to "ordinary" people'snarratives about social change and their own identities throughout the period 1968-2000, but in changing ways. Using self-narratives drawn from a wide range of sources - the raw materials of sociological studies, transcripts from oral history projects, Mass Observation, and autobiography - the book examines class identities and narratives of social change between 1968 and 2000, showing that by the end of theperiod, class was often seen as an historical identity, related to background and heritage, and that many felt strict class boundaries had blurred quite profoundly since 1945. Class snobberies "went underground", as many people from all backgrounds began to assert that what was important wasauthenticity, individuality, and ordinariness. In fact, Sutcliffe-Braithwaite argues that it is more useful to understand the cultural changes of these years through the lens of the decline of deference, which transformed people's attitudes towards class, and towards politics.The study also examines the claim that Thatcher and New Labour wrote class out of politics, arguing that this simple - and highly political - narrative misses important points. Thatcher was driven by political ideology and necessity to try to dismiss the importance of class, while the New Labourproject was good at listening to voters - particularly swing voters in marginal seats - and echoing back what they were increasingly saying about the blurring of class lines and the importance of ordinariness. But this did not add up to an abandonment of a majoritarian project, as New Labourreoriented their political project to emphasize using the state to empower the individual.

Europe Reset

Author: Richard Youngs
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1786723204
Size: 37.38 MB
Format: PDF
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In the last decade, the EU has been hit by a series of crises, most recently the UK’s decision to leave the union following the Brexit referendum. In light of this, questions have been raised about the need to reform the whole model of European integration, with the aim of making the union more flexible and more accountable. In this book, Richard Youngs proposes an alternative vision of European co-operation and shows how the EU must re-invent itself if it is to survive. He argues that citizens should play a greater role in European decision-making, that there should be radically more flexibility in the process of integration and that Europe needs to take a new, more coherent, approach to questions of defence and security. In proposing this model for a ‘reset’ version of Europe, Youngs reinvigorates the debate around the future of Europe and puts forward a new agenda for the future of the EU.

End Of Politicians

Author: Brett Hennig
Publisher: Unbound Publishing
ISBN: 1911586173
Size: 34.20 MB
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Our politics is broken, but it can be fixed. A real democracy is not only possible — it is an urgent necessity. Provocative, succinct and inspiring, The End of Politicians combines insights from the history of democracy with a critical understanding of the information revolution to explain how we can fix democracy by eliminating politicians and replacing them with a representative network of everyday citizens. A wealth of recent evidence has shown that groups of randomly selected, ordinary people can and do make balanced, informed and trusted decisions. These citizens' assemblies are legitimate, accountable, competent and, above all, convincing demonstrations that we can govern ourselves. The future of democracy has arrived. It is time for the end of politicians.

The People S Verdict

Author: Claudia Chwalisz
Publisher: Policy Network
ISBN: 9781786604361
Size: 37.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Offers a study of close to 50 long-form deliberative processes in Canada and Australia.

Modern Social Politics In Britain And Sweden

Author: Hugh Heclo
Publisher: ECPR Press
ISBN: 1907301003
Size: 19.15 MB
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Modern Social Politics in Britain and Sweden was the winner of the 1974 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Book Award for the best book published in the United States on government, politics, or international affairs. “[Heclo] painstakingly analyses the evolution of income maintenance policies over the past 100 years in Britain and Sweden in an effort to explain why these policies evolved as they did. He thus poses a question of fundamental importance to both policy and political science and he produces an answer which is neither obvious nor dramatic but which is original, discriminating, and persuasive. His book is an unusually judicious combination of political theory, historical research, comparative method, and policy analysis. And not to be overlooked is the fact that all this is expressed in a crisp, literate prose style, of the sort which has unfortunately become, somewhat rare in our profession. Modern Social Politics represents a major contribution to the discipline on not one but several fronts and stands as a model of how political scientists can tease out of history answers to the question: why?” Samuel P. Huntington, Chairman of the Award Committee

The Politics Of Transnational Peasant Struggle

Author: Robin Dunford
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783487806
Size: 78.94 MB
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Recent years have witnessed new waves of land grabbing that have worked to dispossess peasants in both the Global North and the Global South. But peasant movements have organized at a grass roots level, through land occupation movements, and at a transnational level, under the umbrella of the social movement 'la Via Campesina', in order to contest their dispossession to resist this opression and dispossession. This book follows peasant resistance in order to demonstrate how grass roots peasant resistance has generated transnational social and political change. In the process, it explores questions concerning the forms of organization that enable grass-roots land occupation movements to transform the everyday lives of landless peoples by obtaining land upon which to work and live. It explores the way in which diverse grass roots movements have been able to connect and unite in order to contest transnational dynamics of oppression. Moreover, it discusses how these movement practices help transform how we think about human rights and global democracy. By also highlighting the problems that peasants continue to face, the book shows how the future of sustainable peasant lifestyles depends on the will of global organizations and transnational society to listen and respond to the voices of peasant activists.

Populism And The Mirror Of Democracy

Author: Francisco Panizza
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859845233
Size: 72.77 MB
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Populism raises awkward questions about modern forms of democracy. It often represents the ugly face of the people. It is neither the highest form of democracy nor its enemy. It is, rather, a mirror in which democracy may contemplate itself, warts and all, in a discovery of itself and what it lacks.This definitive collection, edited by one of the worlds pre-eminent authorities on populism, Francisco Panizza, combines theoretical essays with a number of specially commissioned case studies on populist politics in the US, Britain, Canada, Western Europe, Palestine, Latin America and South Africa. A broadly shared understanding of the nature of populism gives the book a coherence rarely found in collective works and enhances the richness of the case studies.

What Is Populism

Author: Jan-Werner Muller
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812248988
Size: 14.24 MB
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Donald Trump, Silvio Berlusconi, Marine Le Pen, Hugo Chávez—populists are on the rise across the globe. But what exactly is populism? Should everyone who criticizes Wall Street or Washington be called a populist? What precisely is the difference between right-wing and left-wing populism? Does populism bring government closer to the people or is it a threat to democracy? Who are "the people" anyway and who can speak in their name? These questions have never been more pressing. In this groundbreaking volume, Jan-Werner Müller argues that at populism's core is a rejection of pluralism. Populists will always claim that they and they alone represent the people and their true interests. Müller also shows that, contrary to conventional wisdom, populists can govern on the basis of their claim to exclusive moral representation of the people: if populists have enough power, they will end up creating an authoritarian state that excludes all those not considered part of the proper "people." The book proposes a number of concrete strategies for how liberal democrats should best deal with populists and, in particular, how to counter their claims to speak exclusively for "the silent majority" or "the real people." Analytical, accessible, and provocative, What Is Populism? is grounded in history and draws on examples from Latin America, Europe, and the United States to define the characteristics of populism and the deeper causes of its electoral successes in our time.