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The Possibility Of Naturalism

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131762985X
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Since its original publication in 1979, The Possibility of Naturalism has been one of the most influential works in contemporary philosophy of science and social science. It is one of the cornerstones of the critical realist position, which is now widely seen as offering perhaps the only viable alternative to positivism and post positivism. This fourth edition contains a new foreword from Mervyn Hartwig, who is founding editor of the Journal of Critical Realism and editor and principal author of the Dictionary of Critical Realism.

Gelingende Kommunikation Revisited

Author: Siegfried Rosner
Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag
ISBN: 3957101786
Size: 39.11 MB
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Voraussetzung für Ihren Erfolg in Gesprächen, Verhandlungen und Konflikten ist das Gelingen von Kommunikation. Diese in wesentlichen Abschnitten überarbeitete und ergänzte Neuauflage versteht sich nach wie vor als praktische Handreichung mit wissenschaftlicher Fundierung und enthält weiterführende Übungsaufgaben und Arbeitshilfen, die den Praxistransfer unterstützen. Das Buch bietet im ersten Abschnitt neben der Einführung in die Grundlagen der ziel- und partnerorientierten Gesprächsführung auch Leitfäden für verschiedene Gesprächssituationen in der Leitungsfunktion und enthält Empfehlungen für die Moderation von Teamsitzungen und von Konfliktgesprächen. Im zweiten Abschnitt geht es um Strategien, Taktiken und Techniken einer professionellen und performanceorientierten Verhandlungsführung, die auch im Rahmen des Verhandlungsansatzes der Konfliktmediation genutzt werden können. Schritt für Schritt geht es zum wertschöpfenden Deal. Es wird gezeigt, wie Verhandlungen sachgerecht strukturiert und typische Fehler vermieden werden können. Fragen zur Verhandlungsvor- und Verhandlungsnachbereitung werden ebenso erörtert wie die besonderen Aspekte des Verteilungsverhandelns. Die lösungsfokussierte Konfliktbearbeitung mit Hilfe externer Dritter steht im Mittelpunkt des dritten Abschnitts. Dabei werden die Verknüpfungen zwischen der transformativen Konfliktmediation und den systemischen Strukturaufstellungsverfahren herausgearbeitet und die Transformation einer Konfliktkonstellation auch auf systemische und systemtheoretische Veränderungsmodelle bezogen. Dr. Siegfried Rosner, Diplom-Soziologe und Master of Mediation (MM), geschäftsführender Partner der Rosner Consult Partnerschaftsgesellschaft, ist Managementberater sowie Führungs- und Verhandlungstrainer. Nach seiner Tätigkeit bei einem internationalen Industriekonzern arbeitet er mit Unternehmen verschiedener Branchen und Non-Profit-Organisationen an organisatorischen und persönlichen Veränderungsprozessen. Schwerpunkte: Führung und Management, systemdynamische Organisationsberatung, Team- und Change Management, Gesprächsführung und Verhandlung, Konfliktmediation und Coaching. / Andreas Winheller, Diplom-Jurist, Masterstudien in Mediation und Personalentwicklung, Verhandlungsausbildungen am Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School und der Kellogg School of Management, leitet Verhandlungsperformance Consulting, ein Team von Verhandlungsexperten für deutsche Unternehmen verschiedener Branchen und Non-Profit Organisationen mit dem Schwerpunkt Verhandlungsperformanceentwicklung (Verhandlungscoaching, Verhandlungstraining, Organisationsentwicklung, Mediation).

Systeme In Szene Gesetzt

Author: Siegfried Rosner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658187387
Size: 69.24 MB
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Ein wirkungsvolles Instrument für gelingendes Change Management, fundiert und nachvollziehbar dargestellt mit vielen Fallbeispielen. Dieses Buch zeigt anschaulich, wie systemische Aufstellungen als Instrument der Organisations- und Personalentwicklung genutzt werden können und somit den Aufbau von System-Kompetenz, Orientierungswissen und Navigationsvermögen bei mitwirkenden Personen und Organisationen fördern. Siegfried Rosner nimmt die bereits in der 1. Auflage eingeführte Idee einer gesellschaftstheoretisch inspirierten und soziologisch aufgeklärten Aufstellungsarbeit auf und verfolgt sie weiter. Mit dem Begriff der System-Kompetenz stellt er einen aktuellen Bezug her zum Strukturwandel in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft und zum soziologischen Konzept des Arbeitskraft-Unternehmers.

Scientific Realism And Human Emancipation

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134009410
Size: 79.93 MB
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Following on from Roy Bhaskar’s first two books, A Realist Theory of Science and The Possibility of Naturalism, Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation, establishes the conception of social science as explanatory—and thence emancipatory—critique. Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation starts from an assessment of the impasse of contemporary accounts of science as stemming from an incomplete critique of positivism. It then proceeds to a systematic exposition of scientific realism in the form of transcendental realism, highlighting a conception of science as explanatory of a structured, differentiated and changing world. Turning to the social domain, the book argues for a view of the social order as conditioned by, and emergent from, nature. Advocating a critical naturalism, the author shows how the transformational model of social activity together with the conception of social science as explanatory critique which it entails, resolves the divisions and dualisms besetting orthodox social and normative theory: between society and the individual, structure and agency, meaning and behavior, mind and body, reason and cause, fact and value, and theory and practice. The book then goes on to discuss the emancipatory implications of social science and sketches the nature of the depth investigation characteristically entailed. In the highly innovative third part of the book Roy Bhaskar completes his critique of positivism by developing a theory of philosophical discourse and ideology, on the basis of the transcendental realism and critical naturalism already developed, showing how positivism functions as a restrictive ideology of and for science and other social practices.

Reflections On Metareality

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136631437
Size: 72.42 MB
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Reflections on meta-Reality is now widely regarded as a landmark in contemporary philosophy. It initiates the philosophy of meta-Reality, the third main phase of Roy Bhaskar’s philosophical thoughts, after original or basic critical realism and dialectical critical realism. Originally published in 2002 and based on talks given in India, Europe and America, Roy Bhaskar presents his new philosophy of meta-Reality as a radical extension, systematic development and proleptic completion of critical realism. This brilliant series of studies contains seminal and far-reaching discussions of critical realism and the nature of being; an incisive and limpid account of modernity, modernism and post-modernism; a sublime discourse on the nature of the self and compelling considerations on the relationship between social science and self-realization. Together, they demonstrate the ubiquity of transcendental phenomena in everyday life and the orientation of enlightenment towards collective human emancipation and universal self-realization. A new introduction to this edition by Mervyn Hartwig, founding editor of The Journal of Critical Realism and editor of A Dictionary of Critical Realism (Routledge, 2007), describes the context, significance and impact of Reflections on meta-Reality, and supplies an expert guide to its content. This book is essential reading for students and practitioners in both philosophy and the human sciences.

Reclaiming Reality

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136911952
Size: 27.63 MB
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Originally published in 1989, Reclaiming Reality still provides the most accessible introduction to the increasingly influential multi-disciplinary and international body of thought, known as critical realism. It is designed to "underlabour" both for the sciences, especially the human sciences, and for the projects of human emancipation which such sciences may come to inform; and provides an enlightening intervention in current debates about realism and relativism, positivism and poststucturalism, modernism and postmodernism, etc. Elaborating his critical realist perspective on society, nature, science and philosophy itself, Roy Bhaskar shows how this perspective can be used to undermine currently fashionable ideologies of the Right, and at the same time, to clear the ground for a reinvigorated Left. Reclaiming Reality contains powerful critiques of some of the most important schools of thought and thinkers of recent years—from Bachelard and Feyerabend to Rorty and Habermas; and it advances novel and convincing resolutions of many traditional philosophical problems. Now with a new introduction from Mervyn Hartwig, this book continues to provide a straightforward and stimulating introduction to current debates in philosophy and social theory for the interested lay reader and student alike. Reclaiming Reality will be of particular value not only for critical realists but for all those concerned with the revitalization of the socialist emancipatory project and the renaissance of the Marxist theoretical tradition. Roy Bhaskar is the originator of the philosophy of critical realism, and the author of many acclaimed and influential works including A Realist Theory of Science, The Possibility of Naturalism, Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation and Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom. He is an editor of the recently published Critical Realism: Essential Readings and is currently chair of the Centre for Critical Realism.

Dialectic

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0203892631
Size: 31.30 MB
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Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom is now widely regarded as a classic of contemporary philosophy. This book, first published in 1993, sets itself three main aims: the development of a general theory of dialectic, of which Hegelian dialectic can be seen to be a special case; the dialectical enrichment and deepening of critical realism, viz. into the system of dialectical critical realism; and the outline of the elements of a totalizing critique of Western philosophy. The first chapter clarifies the rational core of Hegelian dialectic. Chapter 2 then proceeds to develop a general theory of dialectic. Isolating the fallacy of "ontological monovalence", i.e. a purely positive account of being, Roy Bhaskar then shows how absence and other negating concepts such as contradiction have a legitimate and necessary ontological employment. He then goes on to give a synoptic account of key dialectical concepts such as the concrete universal; to sketch the further dialectical development of critical naturalism through an account of what he calls four-planar social being; and following consideration of the dialectical critique of analytical reason, he moves on to the real definition of dialectic as absenting absence and in the human sphere, the axiology of freedom. Chapter 3 extends and deepens critical realism’s characteristic concerns with ontology, science, social science and emancipation not only into the realms of negativity and totality, but also into the fields of reference and truth, spatio-temporality, tense and process, the logic of dialectical universalizability and on to the plane of ethics, where it articulates a combination of moral realism and ethical naturalism, whereby consideration of elemental desire involves commitment to the eudaimonistic society. This is then followed—in Chapter 4—by a sublime discussion of key moments in the trajectory of Western philosophy, the tradition of which can now be seen to be based on what the author calls the unholy trinity of the epistemic fallacy or the reduction of being to knowledge, primal squeeze or the collapse of structure and alethic truth, and ontological monovalence.

Race And Identity In The Nile Valley

Author: Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban
Publisher: Red Sea Pr
ISBN:
Size: 47.29 MB
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This volume pioneers the examination of issues of race and racism, ethnicity and identity in the major Nile Valley countries of Sudan and Egypt from ancient times to the present. Two major events have forced the issue. The study of the ancient Nile Valley was challenged to confront the issue of race in antiquity with the publication of Martin Bernal's two-volume work, Black Athena (1987; 1991) asserting the Afro-Asiatic roots of Western civilization, and its most famous rebuttal Not Out of Africa (1996). In the aftermath of these earlier works, the question of whether ancient Egypt was black or white became the most simplistic rendering of this not so collegial debate. In this tome, a new generation of critical archaeologists and anthropologists, freed from old Orientalist and Egyptological racialist and racist ideas, have written with greater objectivity about race and representation than their predecessors. The first part of this book contains eight original articles dedicated to an exploration of the dynamics of race in the ancient Nile Valley. These include multiple new perspectives from textual and archaeological sources, as well as reprinting Antenor Firmin's chapter on "Egypt and Civilization" from his 1885 pioneering work of critical race thinking in anthropology The Equality of the Human Races (2000), only recently rediscovered. The chronic civil war in Sudan between the "Arabs" of the north and the "Blacks" of the south has also been an event that has forced the issue of race into the discourse on the Nile Valley. Indeed, among the myriad complex issues that have fuelled this war-including a history of slavery and the unequal distribution of political and economic resources-a major one has been that of race, as well as religion and ethnicity. The identity of northern Sudanese by indigenous scholars has been subjected to more critical discourse in this period than in any previous one. Western scholars of Sudan and Egypt have noted the heavy hand of both Ottoman and European colonialism as providing the necessary background to the present, while critical southern and northern scholars call for urgent rethinking of these racial-hierarchical paradigms.

Philosophy And The Idea Of Freedom

Author: Roy Bhaskar
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415579643
Size: 25.48 MB
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In Philosophy and the Idea of Freedom Roy Bhaskar sets out to develop a critique of the work of Richard Rorty, who must be one of the most influential authors of recent decades. In a brilliant tour de force, Bhaskar shows how Rorty falls victim to the very epistemological problematic Rorty himself describes. Roy Bhaskar argues that Rortyâe(tm)s account of science and knowledge is based on a half-truth. He sees the historicity of knowledge, but cannot sustain its rationality or the reality of the objects it describes. The author further argues that Rortyâe(tm)s problem-field replicates the Kantian resolution of the third antinomy: we are determined as material bodies, but free as discursive (speaking and writing) subjects. Rortyâe(tm)s actualism (like Kantâe(tm)s) makes human agency impossible. Developing his own critical realism, Bhaskar shows just where Rortyâe(tm)s system comes unstuck, and how the philosophical problems to which it gives rise can be rationally resolved and explained. In this process Bhaskar utilizes his critique of Rorty to begin to elaborate his own alternative interpretation and critique of the philosophical conversation of the West.