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The Principle Of Proportionality

Author: Peter Hulsroj
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400757751
Size: 45.33 MB
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The book applies the principle of proportionality to a number of conventional wisdoms in the social sciences, such as in dubio pro reo and the assumption that a crime is always a crime; that you must go to war if instructed to do so. Individuals and states are not obliged to come to the aid of stricken individuals and states. The book is organised in seven chapters, each dealing with a self-standing theme related to proportionality.

Linear Response Theory

Author: Giuseppe De Nittis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319567322
Size: 54.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a modern and systematic approach to Linear Response Theory (LRT) by combining analytic and algebraic ideas. LRT is a tool to study systems that are driven out of equilibrium by external perturbations. In particular the reader is provided with a new and robust tool to implement LRT for a wide array of systems. The proposed formalism in fact applies to periodic and random systems in the discrete and the continuum. After a short introduction describing the structure of the book, its aim and motivation, the basic elements of the theory are presented in chapter 2. The mathematical framework of the theory is outlined in chapters 3–5: the relevant von Neumann algebras, noncommutative $L^p$- and Sobolev spaces are introduced; their construction is then made explicit for common physical systems; the notion of isopectral perturbations and the associated dynamics are studied. Chapter 6 is dedicated to the main results, proofs of the Kubo and Kubo-Streda formulas. The book closes with a chapter about possible future developments and applications of the theory to periodic light conductors. The book addresses a wide audience of mathematical physicists, focusing on the conceptual aspects rather than technical details and making algebraic methods accessible to analysts.

Elements Of Cosmological Thermodynamics

Author: Subhajit Saha
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319747061
Size: 75.52 MB
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Based on the author’s own work and results obtained by renowned cosmologists, this short book provides a concise introduction to the relatively new research field of cosmological thermodynamics. Starting with a brief overview of basic cosmology and thermodynamics, the text gives an interesting account of the application of horizon thermodynamics to the homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) model, the inhomogeneous (Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi) LTB model, and the gravitationally induced adiabatic particle creation scenario which is considered to be a viable alternative to the concordance Lambda-CDM model of the Universe. Both seasoned and new researchers in this field will appreciate the lucid presentation and the rich bibliography.

Allgemeines Verwaltungsrecht

Author: Pierre Tschannen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783727286902
Size: 63.37 MB
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Fünf Jahre sind mittlerweile im Verwaltungsrecht (selbst im allgemeinen Verwaltungsrecht) eine Ewigkeit, die vollständige Überarbeitung und Neuauflage des vorliegenden Buches ist daher kein Luxus. Die vierte Auflage versucht, die neusten Entwicklungen in der Praxis und Dogmatik zum allgemeinen Verwaltungsrecht aufzugreifen und einzuarbeiten. Die Struktur der dritten Auflage wurde dabei weitgehend beibehalten. Das Buch behandelt den üblichen Pflichtstoff des allgemeinen Verwaltungsrechts, nämlich: Träger und Aufgaben der Verwaltung, Rechtsbindungen der Verwaltung, Handlungsformen der Verwaltung, typische Verwaltungsrechtsverhältnisse und das öffentliche Entschädigungsrecht. Das Werk versteht sich weiterhin zunächst als Lehrmittel für Studierende. Am didaktischen Tenor mit eingestreuten Beispielen, Prüfprogrammen und Übersichten hat sich darum nichts geändert. Mit Exkursen und Kommentaren wird das Buch indessen auch der Praxis nützliche Dienste erweisen. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).

Prison Tattoos

Author: Efrat Shoham
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319158716
Size: 78.80 MB
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This Brief studies the important role that tattoos play in prison culture, and examines its unique manifestation among minority inmates. This work aims to provide a better understanding of prison group culture, particularly among social marginal groups, through the lens of Russian immigrants in Israeli prisons. Russian immigrants currently represent approximately 25% of the total Israeli prison population, and this book examines how tattoos show an important form of rebellion amongst this group. As tattoos are forbidden in some forms of Islam and Judaism, and the Israeli prison service confiscates over 200 homemade tattoo devices per year, this is a significant phenomenon both before and during incarceration. This work examines how despite the transition to Israel, the main social codes of Russian prisoners are still dominant and help segregate this group from the larger prison population. It provides a lens to understand Russian criminal activity in Israel, and in a larger context, the modes of social cohesion and criminal activity of organized crime groups operating in prison systems. This work will be of interest to researchers studying the organized crime and the criminal justice system, Russian organized crime in particular, as well as related studies of immigration, demography, and social cohesion.

Jenseits Der Menschenrechte

Author: Anne Peters
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161527494
Size: 80.72 MB
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Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

Existence And Machine

Author: Fabio Grigenti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319453661
Size: 78.28 MB
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The aim of this work is to provide a preliminary analysis of a much more far-reaching investigation into the relationship between technology and philosophy. In the context of the contemporary German thought, the author compares the different positions of Karl Marx, Martin Heidegger, Ernst and Friedrich Jünger, Arnold Gehlen and Gunther Anders. The term “machine” is used precisely to mean that complex material device assembled in the last quarter of the 18th century as a result of the definitive modern refinement of certain fundamental technologies, i.e. metallurgy, precision mechanics and hydraulics. The “machine” discussed here arrived on the scene of man’s history when the processes of spinning and weaving were entrusted to semi-automatic means; when the water wheels used in mills, hitherto always made of wood, were supplanted by the metal levers of the steam engine; and especially when the steam engine was connected to the weaving frames, to the metalworking hammers, and to other machines used to manufacture other machines in an endless reiteration of assemblies and applications, the enormous outcome of which is what subsequently came to be described as “mass production”. The philosophers discussed here were also dealing with the type of machine described above and in their works she we can identify three model images of this idea of machine. These images have been drawn on at various times, also outside the realms of philosophy, and they still provide the backdrop for our knowledge of the machine, which has circulated in a great variety of languages.

Faktor Vier

Author: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783426772867
Size: 31.37 MB
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Das Know-how für eine neue umweltschonende Wachstumspolitik ist vorhanden. Wir können heute Solarhäuser bauen, deren Energiekosten fast bei Null liegen, oder Supersparautos, die nicht nur sparsam und sicher, sondern auch komfortabel sind. Der Umweltschutz, von der Wirtschaft immer als Kostenfaktor gefürchtet, ist längst dabei, zum Nutzenfaktor zu werden. Die Autoren machen sich für eine Effizienzrevolution stark, die dazu führen soll, daß wir die Naturgüter mindestens viermal besser nutzen als bisher. Das ist allerdings nur mit Unterstützung der Politik möglich, die endlich aufhören muß, Vergeudung zu subventionieren, und sich zu einer ökologischen Steuerreform entschließen sollte.