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The Protection Of Diplomatic Personnel

Author: J. Craig Barker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317018788
Size: 13.47 MB
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The recent emergence of many new states and the creation of a large number of international institutions have resulted in considerable growth in the number of persons having diplomatic status. However, an unfortunate side-effect of this growth has been a corresponding increase in the number of attacks on diplomatic personnel, as symbolic figures diplomats are targets for all types of political violence. This book provides an in-depth examination of the legal and non-legal regimes directed towards the protection of diplomatic personnel around the world. It examines the theoretical and practical justifications for the granting of special protection to such personnel and also particular recent developments in international law relating to the prevention of terrorism and the development of international criminal law, including the International Criminal Court.

Diplomatic Law

Author: Eileen Denza
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198703961
Size: 63.11 MB
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The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations has for over 50 years been central to diplomacy and applied to all forms of relations among sovereign States. Participation is almost universal. The rules giving special protection to ambassadors are the oldest established in international law and the Convention is respected almost everywhere. But understanding it as a living instrument requires knowledge of its background in customary international law, of the negotiating history which clarifies many of its terms and the subsequent practice of states and decisions of national courts which have resolved other ambiguities. Diplomatic Law provides this in-depth Commentary. The book is an essential guide to changing methods of modern diplomacy and shows how challenges to its regime of special protection for embassies and diplomats have been met and resolved. It is used by ministries of foreign affairs and cited by domestic courts world-wide. The book analyzes the reasons for the widespread observance of the Convention rules and why in the special case of communications - where there is flagrant violation of their special status - these reasons do not apply. It describes how abuse has been controlled and how the immunities in the Convention have survived onslaught by those claiming that they should give way to conflicting entitlements to access to justice and the desire to punish violators of human rights. It describes how the duty of diplomats not to interfere in the internal affairs of the host State is being narrowed in the face of the communal international responsibility to monitor and uphold human rights.

The History Of Diplomatic Immunity

Author: Linda Frey
Size: 29.11 MB
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The History of Diplomatic Immunity traces the evolution of diplomatic immunity, a convention embedded in the practices and precedents of the past. Unique in its coverage, this book analyzes the practice from ancient times to the present and in various cultures, both Western and non-Western. Linda S. Frey and Marsha L. Frey follow the trail of certain privileges and immunities, setting them within a historical and cultural context; they examine how, in some cultures but not others, certain practices became precedents and some courtesies hardened into rights. The authors show how certain principles common to all civilizations buttressed the principles of diplomatic immunity; discuss the importance of various theorists both ancient and modern; examine the significant domestic legislation and international conventions; analyze celebrated instances of the violation of diplomatic immunity; study policy decisions by governments; study the influence of certain judicial decisions; and analyze the various rationales for such privileges. The expansion of the international community has meant the inclusion of nations with different traditions and few common values. Law no longer serves as a metaphor for the international community nor does it incarnate the community's vision of itself as it did in the past.

The History Of The Bureau Of Diplomatic Security Of The Us Department Of State

Author: Us Department of State
Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub
ISBN: 9781475280753
Size: 29.95 MB
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U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan Adolph Dubs was commuting from his residence to the U.S. Embassy in Kabul on February 14, 1979, when four men abducted him. A man dressed as a policeman stopped the Ambassador's car and said that he had orders to search it. Aiming a gun at the chauffeur's head, the “policeman” ordered the chauffeur to remain still while he and three men got into the car. At gunpoint, the chauffeur drove to the Kabul Hotel, arriving at about 8:50 a.m. The kidnappers ordered Dubs out of the car and took him to a second floor room. The chauffeur was instructed to go to the U.S. Embassy and inform the Americans of the situation. A large number of Afghan police, military, and fire department personnel quickly surrounded the hotel. Three Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) from the U.S. Embassy arrived, as did four Soviet officials. During the next four hours, U.S. Officials repeatedly urged Afghan officials to exercise restraint to ensure the Ambassador's safety. According to FSOs on site, the four Soviet officials held repeated discussions with Afghan authorities and appeared to serve as advisors. At 12:50 p.m. Afghan forces stormed the second-floor room, and Ambassador Dubs was killed during the ensuing gunfire.The abduction and death of Ambassador Dubs highlighted the importance of diplomatic security and prompted U.S. Department of State officials to reexamine the security measures that they had in place. The United States has always had some form of diplomatic security, yet the threats to U.S. diplomacy and the measures that the Department of State has employed to counter them have changed considerably over time. This history explores how diplomatic security at the Department of State has evolved from the American Revolution to the post- Cold War era.The Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS) is the security and law enforcement arm of the U.S. Department of State. DS is a world leader in international investigations, threat analysis, cyber security, counterterrorism, security technology, and protection of people, property, and information.The Bureau of Diplomatic Security is responsible for providing a safe and secure environment for the conduct of U.S. foreign policy. Every diplomatic mission in the world operates under a security program designed and maintained by Diplomatic Security. In the United States, Diplomatic Security personnel protect the Secretary of State and high-ranking foreign dignitaries and officials visiting the United States, investigates passport and visa fraud, and conducts personnel security investigations. Operating from a global platform in 25 U.S. cities and 159 foreign countries, DS ensures that America can conduct diplomacy safely and securely. DS plays a vital role in protecting U.S. embassies and personnel overseas, securing critical information systems, investigating passport and visa fraud, and fighting the war on terror.

Lessons From A Diplomatic Life

Author: Marshall P. Adair
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442220813
Size: 80.56 MB
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This first-hand account of the author’s work with foreign governments and populations provides a unique outlook that has critical policy implications today. Through this retelling, Adair illuminates how the depth and accuracy needed of Foreign Service agents requires a close and intimate understanding of the cultures and governments they work with.

The Diplomat S Pregnant Bride

Author: Merline Lovelace
Publisher: Harlequin
ISBN: 1460322789
Size: 28.84 MB
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Will inconvenient pregnancy lead to convenient matrimony in this Duchess Diaries novel by USA TODAY bestselling author Merline Lovelace? A wild weekend changes Gina St. Sebastian's life, but one thing won't change—her marital status. Ambassador Jack Mason, the dashing, arrogant father of her unborn baby, can forget about a marriage of convenience. She's perfectly capable without him. Never mind the heat between them. That's pregnancy hormones! Jack will deploy his formidable charms to do what's right—marriage for the baby's sake. Yet the more he tries to convince Gina, the more he realizes he wants her as much as he wants his child….

Backstabbing For Beginners

Author: Michael Soussan
Publisher: Nation Books
ISBN: 1568584415
Size: 47.93 MB
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A riveting, first-person account of the backstabbing and hypocrisy that led to the U.N.'s Oil-for-Food Program becoming the most corrupt enterprise ever overseen by the international community.

Open Secrets

Author: Alexander Star
Publisher: The New York Times Company
ISBN: 0615439578
Size: 65.16 MB
Format: PDF
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Complete and Updated Coverage by The New York Times, with an introduction by Bill Keller