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Contemporary Animal Learning Theory

Author: Anthony Dickinson
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521299626
Size: 16.43 MB
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A comprehensive 1980 study of the way in which animals learn particularly about the relationship between events in their environment.

Diversity In Unity Perspectives From Psychology And Behavioral Sciences

Author: Amarina Ashar Ariyanto
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351846485
Size: 80.26 MB
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The book highlights both the challenges and opportunities in the field of psychology and behavioral sciences, with an emphasis on identifying practical implications for professionals, educators and administrators, and researchers in Asia and Pacific regions. Societies in the said regions have experienced massive changes to their social system, changes that are endured by societies worldwide, such as those related to globalization, new technologies, and new norms regarding respect for individual diversity and well-being. Although the changes offer a wealth of new opportunities, they also act as potential sources of tension and apprehension. The book discusses the state-of-the-art topics, on critical issues, in various sub-fields of psychology and the behavioral sciences, such as Clinical Psychology, Child & Developmental Psychology, Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Social Psychology, and Educational Psychology.

The Principles Of Learning And Behavior

Author: Michael P. Domjan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305142675
Size: 73.90 MB
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From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Sage Glossary Of The Social And Behavioral Sciences

Author: Larry E. Sullivan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412951437
Size: 76.88 MB
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Highly accessible A-Z of the major terms in the social and behavioural sciences, spanning anthropology, communication and media studies, criminal justice, economics, education, geography, human services, management, political science, psychology and sociology.

Thesaurus Of Eric Descriptors

Author: Educational Resources Information Center (U.S.)
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781573563307
Size: 69.96 MB
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The first print edition in more than 5 years contains a total of 10,773 vocabulary terms with 206 descriptors and 210 "use" references that are new to this thesaurus for locating precise terms from the controlled vocabulary used to index the ERIC database.

Children S Logical And Mathematical Cognition

Author: C.J. Brainerd
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146139466X
Size: 49.18 MB
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For some time now, the study of cognitive development has been far and away the most active discipline within developmental psychology. Although there would be much disagreement as to the exact proportion of papers published in developmen tal journals that could be considered cognitive, 50% seems like a conservative estimate. Hence, a series of scholarly books to be devoted to work in cognitive development is especially appropriate at this time. The Springer Series in Cognitive Development contains two basic types of books, namely, edited collections of original chapters by several authors, and original volumes written by one author or a small group of authors. The flagship for the Springer Series will be a serial publication of the "advances" type, carrying the subtitle Progress in Cognitive Development Research. Each volume in the Progress sequence will be strongly thematic, in that it will be limited to some well-defined domain of cognitive-developmental research (e. g. , logical and mathematical de velopment, semantic development). All Progress volumes will be edited collec tions. Editors of such collections, upon consultation with the Series Editor, may elect to have their books published either as contributions to the Progress sequence or as separate volumes. All books written by one author or a small group of authors will be published as separate volumes within the series. A fairly broad definition of cognitive development is being used in the selection of books for this series.

Associative Learning And Conditioning Theory

Author: Todd R Schachtman PhD
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199876136
Size: 29.51 MB
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Although many professionals in psychology (including the sub-disciplines of human learning and memory, clinical practice related to psychopathology, neuroscience, educational psychology and many other areas) no longer receive training in learning and conditioning, the influence of this field remains strong. Therefore, many researchers and clinicians have little knowledge about basic learning theory and its current applications beyond their own specific research topic. The primary purpose of the present volume is to highlight ways in which basic learning principles, methodology, and phenomena underpin, and indeed guide, contemporary translational research. With contributions from a distinguished collection of internationally renowned scholars, this 23-chapter volume contains specific research issues but is also broad in scope, covering a variety of topics in which associative learning and conditioning theory apply, such as drug abuse and addiction, anxiety, fear and pain research, advertising, attribution processes, acquisition of likes and dislikes, social learning, psychoneuroimmunology, and psychopathology (e.g., autism, depression, helplessness and schizophrenia). This breadth is captured in the titles of the three major sections of the book: Applications to Clinical Pathology; Applications to Health and Addiction; Applications to Cognition, Social Interaction and Motivation. The critically important phenomena and methodology of learning and conditioning continue to have a profound influence on theory and clinical concerns related to the mechanisms of memory, cognition, education, and pathology of emotional and consummatory disorders. This volume is expected to have the unique quality of serving the interests of many researchers, educators and clinicians including, for example, neuroscientists, learning and conditioning researchers, psychopharmacologists, clinical psychopathologists, and practitioners in the medical field.

Latent Inhibition And Conditioned Attention Theory

Author: R. E. Lubow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521363075
Size: 31.66 MB
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Latent inhibition is an exquisitely simple, robust, and pervasive behavioural phenomenon - the reduced ability of an organism to learn new associations to previously inconsequential stimuli. It has been demonstrated in a variety of animals, including humans, across many different learning tasks.

Attention And Associative Learning

Author: Chris J. Mitchell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199550530
Size: 69.33 MB
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Attention and learning are two of the most important topics in contemporary cognitive psychology and behavioural neuroscience. Of even more interest is how the two interact. Meaningful stimuli and their meaningful effects are invariably embedded in a complex background of meaningless information. Yet, in order to learn about meaningful relationships between events, an organism needs to be able to extract the relevant from the irrelevant. The ability to direct attention selectively to some stimuli and away from others is one fundamental mechanism by which this filtering of information can occur. But what controls this selective attention? Why are certain stimuli selected and others rejected? What are the neural mechanisms underlying this ability? Are they the same in humans as in other animals? And what are the consequences of damage to this attentional system? These are the questions that this book aims to answer. The idea of an interaction between attention and learning has experienced a huge surge of interest in recent years. Advances in behavioural neuroscience have made it possible to investigate the neural basis of attention mechanisms; advances in connectionist modelling techniques have allowed us to implement and test more complex computational models of the operation of these mechanisms; and recent studies have implicated impairments in the ability to deploy selective attention appropriately in disorders such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's Disease. This book brings together leading international learning and attention researchers to provide both a comprehensive and wide-ranging overview of the current state of knowledge of this area as well as new perspectives and directions for the future. There are coherent themes that run throughout the book, but there are also, inevitably, fundamental disagreements between contributors on the role of attention in learning. Together, the views expressed in this book paint a picture of a vibrant and exciting area of psychological research, and will be essential reading for researchers of learning and attention.