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The Psychology Of Interrogations And Confessions

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470857943
Size: 17.70 MB
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This volume, a sequel to The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony which is widely acclaimed by both scientists and practitioners, brings the field completely up-to-date and focuses in particular on aspects of vulnerability, confabulation and false confessions. The is an unrivalled integration of scientific knowledge of the psychological processes and research relating to interrogation, with the practical investigative and legal issues that bear upon obtaining, and using in court, evidence from interrogations of suspects. * Accessible style which will appeal to academics, students and practitioners * Authoritative integration of theory, research, practical implications and vivid case illustration * Coverage of topical issues like confabulation, false memory, and false confessions Part of the Wiley Series in The Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law

The Psychology Of Interrogations And Confessions

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 9780471491361
Size: 36.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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False confessions do occur and no legal system can afford to deny that serious mistakes have been, and will continue to be, made without radical change. The impact of psychological research and expert testimony on legal changes, police practice and legal judgements in England and Northern Ireland is unparalleled in the rest of the world and valuable lessons have been learned as a result. A number of high profile murder and terrorist convictions based largely on confession evidence have been quashed on appeal. In The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions, Gisli Gudjonsson traces the scientific advances and relevant cases, many of which he was directly involved with, and demonstrates their legal and psychological significance. The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions is a comprehensive and authoritative handbook that demonstrates the crucial relationship between research and practice. In Part I, interrogation tactics used by the police in the USA and Britain are reviewed and the reasons why suspects confess to crimes are examined. In Part II, differences between English and American legal systems are highlighted and the concepts of suggestibility, compliance and acquiescence are discussed in detail, along with the effects of drugs and alcohol. Twenty-two leading disputed confession cases are presented and evaluated in Part III, showing how high court judges have become more sophisticated in the way they admit and rely on expert psychological and psychiatric testimony. Part IV provides a detailed discussion of seven high profile cases from outside Britain. They demonstrate how different legal systems approach, view and evaluate disputed confession evidence and expert testimony, providing material of international significance. With its fascinating, detailed vignettes, The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions is essential reading for clinical and forensic psychologists and others in the legal, psychological and psychiatric professions. Police officers will find many parts of the book directly applicable to their work, as will social workers and probation officers

The Psychology Of Interrogations Confessions And Testimony

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471961772
Size: 56.91 MB
Format: PDF
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Based upon scientific findings, using both a theoretical and practical approach, it provides excellent guidance regarding interrogation--its effects and implications. Presents full coverage of police interrogation methods and the processes by which false confessions are elicited plus demonstrates how they are more frequent than generally believed. Features a number of well-known contemporary cases including the ``Guildford Four'', ``Birmingham Six'' and ``Tottenham Three'' in which the author has been personally involved.

The Psychology Of Interrogations Confessions And Testimony

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780608040035
Size: 46.83 MB
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From published reviews It is perhaps surprising that this book has been so long in being commissioned coming as it does from the leading authority on the psychology of interrogation, suggestibility, confession and legal testimony. The result, it must be said, has been worth the wait. Journal of the Forensic Science Society This is an extremely important book. It is essential reading for all those involved in the investigation of criminal allegations and trying defendants in court. Quite apart from its use as a resource to practitioners it provides a fascinating insight to anyone wishing to know more about the phenomenon of false statements and confession and will illuminate the subject for cynics. The Criminal Law Review I strongly recommend this book to anyone with an interest in seeing that real justice is done during investigations into crime and court room trials. It makes a really positive contribution to the debate about what is wrong with the system and what can be done to improve it and will be of particular value to police officers, police surgeons, clinical psychologists, social workers, criminal lawyers and the judiciary both lay and professional." Law Societys Gazette The strength of this book lies in its unique ability to blend a variety of approaches: the legal systems quest for fairness, the police interrogators concern to "get their man", the suspects concern to terminate an unpleasant encounter with an authority figure, and the practitioner-scientists interest to understand why suspects behave the way they do and to minimize errors that are induced by the legal system. Amazingly, the author is able to address all of these disparate interests. I suspect that Gudjonssons unique history a successful police investigator, a clinical psychologist with extensive consulting experience on important forensic cases, and a well published research psychologist uniquely arms him with the requisite tools to implement such a multifaceted approach. Contemporary Psychology This book emerges, therefore, as an unfolding exposition a seamless text. It is, in effect, Gudjonssons testimony about a world in which for too long the emphasis within investigations has been upon attacking criminality rather than adopting a systematic and scientific approach to the total investigation of an offence. Pollcing

Interrogations Confessions And Entrapment

Author: G. Daniel Lassiter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387385983
Size: 60.76 MB
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- Represents the latest advances of the role of psychological factors in inducing potentially unreliable self-incriminating behavior - Chapters are authored by a diverse group psychologists, criminologists, and legal scholars who have contributed significantly to the collective understanding of the pressures that insidiously operate when the goal of law enforcement is to elicit self-incriminating behavior from suspected criminals - Reviews and analyzes the extant literature in this area as well as discussing how this knowledge can be used to help bring about needed changes in the legal system

The Psychology Of False Confessions

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119315689
Size: 66.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the development of the science behind the psychology of false confessions Four decades ago, little was known or understood about false confessions and the reasons behind them. So much has changed since then due in part to the diligent work done by Gisli H. Gudjonsson. This eye-opening book by the Icelandic/British clinical forensic psychologist, who in the mid 1970s had worked as detective in Reykjavik, offers a complete and current analysis of how the study of the psychology of false confessions came about, including the relevant theories and empirical/experimental evidence base. It also provides a reflective review of the gradual development of the science and how it can be applied to real life cases. Based on Gudjonsson’s personal account of the biggest murder investigations in Iceland’s history, as well as other landmark cases, The Psychology of False Confessions: Forty Years of Science and Practice takes readers inside the minds of those who sit on both sides of the interrogation table to examine why confessions to crimes occur even when the confessor is innocent. Presented in three parts, the book covers how the science of studying false confessions emerged and grew to become a regular field of practice. It then goes deep into the investigation of the mid-1970s assumed murders of two men in Iceland and the people held responsible for them. It finishes with an in-depth psychological analysis of the confessions of the six people convicted. Written by an expert extensively involved in the development of the science and its application to real life cases Covers the most sensational murder cases in Iceland’s history Deep analysis of the ‘Reykjavik Confessions’ adds crucial evidence to understanding how and why coerced-internalized false confessions occur, and their detrimental and lasting effects on memory The Psychology of False Confessions: Forty Years of Science and Practice is an important source book for students, academics, criminologists, and clinical, forensic, and social psychologists and psychiatrists.

Police Interrogations And False Confessions

Author: G. Daniel Lassiter
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781433807435
Size: 65.30 MB
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Although it is generally believed that wrongful convictions based on false confessions are relatively rare-the 1989 Central Park jogger "wilding" case being the most notorious example-recent exonerations of the innocent through DNA testing are increasing at a rate that few in the criminal justice system might have speculated. Because of the growing realization of the false confession phenomenon, psychologists, sociologists, and legal/law-enforcement scholars and practitioners have begun to examine the factors embedded in American criminal investigations and interrogations that may lead innocent people to implicate themselves in crimes they did not commit. Police Interrogations and False Confessions brings together a group of renowned scholars and practitioners in the fields of social psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, criminology, clinical-forensic psychology, and law to examine three salient dimensions of false confessions: interrogation tactics and the problem of false confessions; review of Supreme Court decisions regarding Miranda warnings and custodial interrogations; and new research on juvenile confessions and deception in interrogative interviews. Chapters include well-recognized programs of research on the topics of interrogative interviewing, false confessions, the detection of deception in forensic interviews, individual differences, and clinical-forensic evaluations. The book concludes with policy recommendations to attenuate the institutional and social psychological persistence (and pervasiveness) of the various inducements and impediments that have informed law enforcement's interrogation techniques and the types of false confessions they encourage.

Effective Interviewing And Interrogation Techniques

Author: William L. Fleisher
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123819871
Size: 43.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Effective Interviewing and Interrogation Techniques believably answers the question, How do you know when someone is lying? It also provides a guide for interviewing probable suspects and interrogating likely perpetrators on techniques and tradecraft. This book covers topics about searching for truth and revealing lies. It presents forensic assessments based on psychophysiology, and assessments on the basis of non-verbal behavior. The book also covers interview and interrogation preparation, as well as question formulation. It discusses the Morgan Interview Theme Technique or MITT, and the Forensic Assessment Interview or FAINT. The book addresses techniques for interviewing children and the mentally challenged, and offers information about pre-employment interviews. It also explains how to understand aggressive behavior and how to deal with angry people. The book concludes by presenting future methods for searching for the truth. Law enforcement and security professionals, as well as prosecutors, criminal defense lawyers, and civil litigators will find this book invaluable. The only book to address FAINT, IIT, and MITT in one source Enables the interviewer to obtain a confession that can stand up in court Includes an online workbook with practical exercises to assist the reader

Beyond Common Sense

Author: Eugene Borgida
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470695692
Size: 49.40 MB
Format: PDF
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Beyond Common Sense addresses the many important and controversial issues that arise from the use of psychological and social science in the courtroom. Each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement, and discusses how psychological science advances our understanding of human behavior beyond common sense. Features original chapters written by some of the leading experts in the field of psychology and law including Elizabeth Loftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, Louise Fitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe Ellsworth The 14 issues addressed include eyewitness identification, gender stereotypes, repressed memories, Affirmative Action and the death penalty Commentaries written by leading social science and law scholars discuss key legal and scientific themes that emerge from the science chapters and illustrate how psychological science is or can be used in the courts

Handbook Of Psychology In Legal Contexts

Author: David Carson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047086222X
Size: 42.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The second edition of this popular international handbook highlights the developing relationship between psychology and the law. Consisting of all-new material and drawing on the work of practitioners and academics from the UK, Europe, North America and elsewhere, this volume looks not only at the more traditional elements of psychology and the law - the provision of psychological assessments about individuals to the courts - but also many of the recent developments, such as the interaction between psychologists and other professionals, decision-making by judges and juries, and the shaping of social policy and political debate. Contemporary and authoritative in its scope, the second edition of The Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts will again prove to be a valuable resource for scholars and students, as well as being a vital tool for all professionals working in the field. * Well known editors and an international list of authors, most of whom are leaders in their field * Focus on psychological concepts and knowledge that will enlighten best practice and research * The focus on process and issues ensures that the book is not limited in interest by specific legal codes or legislation, it is international * More than an updating of the old chapters, really a rethinking of the field and what is now important and emerging