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The Punisher S Brain

Author: Morris B. Hoffman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107038065
Size: 34.72 MB
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"Evolution built us to punish cheaters. Without that punishment instinct, we would never have been able to live in small groups, and would never have realized all the significant benefits that small-group living conferred, including mutual defense, cooperative hunting, property, divisions of labor and economies of scale. In fact, to a large extent our notions of right and wrong, of empathy and compassion, of fairness and justice, all come from the tensions of group living, and thus indirectly owe their very existence to punishment. It may sound strange that one key to civilization is our willingness to punish each other, but every parent knows it's true. Every parent also feels the irresistible pull not to punish too much, and in fact maybe not to punish at all - to forgive - and this, too, is a remnant of evolution. Our punishment instinct is not so much a sword ready to fall as it is a finely tuned balance, sometimes susceptible to the gentlest of breezes"--

My Letters To Amy

Author: Kimberley Schumacher
Publisher: WestBow Press
ISBN: 1512738611
Size: 25.68 MB
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I cant change how people choose to see things. I can choose to forgive. I may even be the lucky one. As the scapegoat I was sent out and away, shunned by all sides and made to carry the guilt of the entire situation on my head. But I was sent away, out into the wilderness where I cried, I mourned, and I was able to heal instead of harbor resentment and hatred. From there I began to rebuild, and pray for forgiveness. I would pray so that I could forgive. Then I began to feel restored and my Father in heaven began to help me see myself the way He does. I dont have to carry the pain; I only need from time to time to explain the scars. Hopefully, in doing so, I can prevent some of historys mistakes from invading our tomorrows Its our turn now, put down the rocks, share the gift.

Persecution Toleration

Author: Noel D. Johnson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110842502X
Size: 28.88 MB
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In this book, Noel D. Johnson and Mark Koyama tackle the question: how does religious liberty develop?

Islam Instrumentalized

Author: Jean-Philippe Platteau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107155444
Size: 27.78 MB
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In this book, economist Jean-Philippe Platteau addresses the question: does Islam, the religion of Muslims, bear some responsibility for a lack of economic development in the countries in which it dominates? In his nuanced approach, Platteau challenges the widespread view that the doctrine of Islam is reactionary in the sense that it defends tradition against modernity and individual freedom. He also questions the view that fusion between religion and politics is characteristic of Islam and predisposes it to theocracy. He disagrees with the substantivist view that Islam is a major obstacle to modern development because of a merging of religion and the state, or a fusion between the spiritual and political domains. But he also identifies how Islam's decentralized organization, in the context of autocratic regimes, may cause political instability and make reforms costly.

Der Mensch Der Bonobo Und Die Zehn Gebote

Author: Frans de Waal
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 360810822X
Size: 55.52 MB
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Woher kommt die Moral? Wie hilft sie uns dabei, richtig zu handeln? De Waal beantwortet Fragen rund um Moral und Humanismus mit Blick auf Primaten und andere Tiere, die uns erstaunlich nahestehen: Im gottlosen Universum beobachtet er, wie Menschenaffen gerecht, kooperativ und empathisch handeln. Der weltbekannte Primatenforscher Frans de Waal nimmt uns mit auf eine erfrischende, philosophische Reise, bei der die lange Tradition des Humanismus ebenso zu Wort kommt wie das Sozialverhalten im Tierreich. Er untersucht, welche Konsequenzen seine Forschungen für unser Verständnis von moderner Religion haben. Ganz gleich, welchen Einfluss die Religion auf den Moralkodex des Menschen genommen hat, sie ist nicht die Urheberin unserer Moralität. Der Autor fordert die Leser auf, sich konstruktiv mit Fragen wie diesen auseinanderzusetzen: Welche Rolle spielt die Religion heutzutage in einer gut funktionierenden Gesellschaft? Wo können Gläubige und Nichtgläubige Inspiration für eine gute Lebensführung finden?

Grunds Tze Sozialer Gerechtigkeit

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593381527
Size: 16.52 MB
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Philosophische Theorien der Gerechtigkeit nehmen die Vielfalt alltäglicher Gerechtigkeitsurteile selten zur Kenntnis. Anders dagegen David Miller: Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kontexte, in denen die in der Gesellschaft kursierenden Gerechtigkeitsvorstellungen entstehen, zeigt er deren Vielgestaltigkeit – und ihren philosophischen Gehalt. Er identifiziert drei Grundsätze, die allen Vorstellungen von sozialer Gerechtigkeit zugrunde liegen: Bedarf, Verdienst und Gleichheit. Seine zentrale These ist, dass mit den unterschiedlichen Formen menschlicher Beziehungen der jeweilige Stellenwert dieser Grundsätze variiert. Millers klar und unprätentiös geschriebenes Buch verdient es, in einem Atemzug mit den Werken von Rawls und Walzer genannt zu werden. Glanzstücke seiner Argumentation sind unter anderem seine Bemerkungen zur Rolle von Glück bei der Beurteilung von Leistungen für das Gerechtigkeitsempfinden.