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The Punitive Imagination

Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817357998
Size: 66.34 MB
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"This volume is the product of a symposium held at the University of Alabama School of Law on September 28, 2012."--Acknowledgments.

Female Imprisonment

Author: Catarina Frois
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319636855
Size: 39.53 MB
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This book is a reflection on the nature of confinement, experienced by prison inmates as everyday life. It explores the meanings, purposes, and consequences involved with spending every day inside prison. Female Imprisonment results from an ethnographic study carried out in a small prison facility located in the south of Portugal, and Frois uses the data to analyze how incarcerated women talk about their lives, crimes, and expectations. Crucially, this work examines how these women consider prison: rather than primarily being a place of confinement designed to inflict punishment, it can equally be a place of transformation that enables them to regain a sense of selfhood. From in-depth ethnographic research involving close interaction with the prison population, in which inmates present their life histories marked by poverty, violence, and abuse (whether as victims, as agents, or both), Frois observes that the traditional idea of “doing time”, in the sense of a strenuous, repressive, or restrictive experience, is paradoxically transformed into “having time” – an experience of expanded self-awareness, identity reconstruction, or even of deliverance. Ultimately, this engaging and compassionate study questions and defies customary accounts of the impact of prisons on those subjected to incarceration, and as such it will be of great interest for scholars and students of penology and the criminal justice system.

Punishment In Popular Culture

Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479864218
Size: 59.67 MB
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The way a society punishes demonstrates its commitment to standards of judgment and justice, its distinctive views of blame and responsibility, and its particular way of responding to evil. Punishment in Popular Culture examines the cultural presuppositions that undergird America’s distinctive approach to punishment and analyzes punishment as a set of images, a spectacle of condemnation. It recognizes that the semiotics of punishment is all around us, not just in the architecture of the prison, or the speech made by a judge as she sends someone to the penal colony, but in both “high” and “popular” culture iconography, in novels, television, and film. This book brings together distinguished scholars of punishment and experts in media studies in an unusual juxtaposition of disciplines and perspectives. Americans continue to lock up more people for longer periods of time than most other nations, to use the death penalty, and to racialize punishment in remarkable ways. How are these facts of American penal life reflected in the portraits of punishment that Americans regularly encounter on television and in film? What are the conventions of genre which help to familiarize those portraits and connect them to broader political and cultural themes? Do television and film help to undermine punishment's moral claims? And how are developments in the boarder political economy reflected in the ways punishment appears in mass culture? Finally, how are images of punishment received by their audiences? It is to these questions that Punishment in Popular Culture is addressed.

Crime And Justice Volume 47

Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022657718X
Size: 71.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Since 1979, the Crime and Justice series has presented a review of the latest international research, providing expertise to enhance the work of sociologists, psychologists, criminal lawyers, justice scholars, and political scientists. The series explores a full range of issues concerning crime, its causes, and its cures. In both the review and the thematic volumes, Crime and Justice offers an interdisciplinary approach to address core issues in criminology. Volume 47 will be a review volume featuring, among other selections, a top-of-class impact ranking.

The Age Of Responsibility

Author: Yascha Mounk
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674978293
Size: 10.79 MB
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Yascha Mounk shows why a focus on personal responsibility is wrong and counterproductive: it distracts us from the larger economic forces determining aggregate outcomes, ignores what we owe fellow citizens regardless of their choices, and blinds us to key values such as the desire to live in a society of equals. In this book he proposes a remedy.

Responsibility And Justice

Author: Matt Matravers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745655866
Size: 76.53 MB
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In this lively and accessible book, Matt Matravers considers the role of responsibility in politics, morality and the law. In recent years, responsibility has taken a central place in our lives. In politics, both Tony Blair and George W. Bush have claimed that individual responsibility is at the centre of their policy agendas. In morality and the law, it seems just that people should be rewarded or punished only for things for which they are responsible. Yet responsibility is a hotly contested concept. Some philosophers claim that it is impossible, while others insist on both its possibility and importance. This debate has become increasingly technical in the philosophical literature, but it is seldom connected to our practices of politics and the law. Matravers asks, What are we doing when we hold people responsible in deciding questions of distributive justice or of punishment?. By addressing this question, he not only shows how philosophy can help in thinking about current political and legal controversies, but also how we can keep hold of the idea of responsibility in an age in which we are increasingly impressed by the roles of genetics and environment in shaping us and our characters.

Imagining A Greater Justice

Author: Samuel H. Pillsbury
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138354197
Size: 15.78 MB
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Criminal violence harms persons and relationships in ways that law cannot touch. In Imagining a Greater Justice, Pillsbury posits that we need a justice that is commensurate with the harm and wrong done, and one that comprehends how violence shatters survivors′ sense of trust and place in community. The author asks: Can we imagine a justice that respects an offender's humanity? Can we imagine a justice that treats someone who has spent half of his life locked up for serious crime as a human being capable of change? Can we imagine a justice that acknowledges the racial violence of the past and the racial misunderstandings that undercut the trust needed for effective law enforcement? Can we imagine a justice concerned with healing the community after violence? Pillsbury contends that real change is possible. With violent crime rates at relatively low levels in most U.S. jurisdictions. and new perspectives on criminal justice receiving a respectful hearing in many localities and states, this is a promising time for criminal justice reform in the United States. Acknowledging that public fear and anger about criminal violence drive the punitive impulse that created the mass incarceration of today, the book challenges many deep-rooted assumptions about wrongdoing, as well as ideas about freedom and individuality and the obligations owed to strangers. The chapters follow a journey from listening to victim's experiences of wrongful violence to the work of redeeming the hurt as well as those who do the hurting. Early chapters examine the harms of criminal violence, set out the basic moral and legal responsibility of wrongdoers, and analyze common mistakes made in judging the wrongs of others. Then the book goes on to reflect on proper sentencing determinations, examine historical evidence of penal punitiveness, and consider the realities of incarceration, focusing especially on solitary confinement and sexual violence. The book then shifts to look at the victim rights movement, what victims of violent wrongs need, the redemption of violent offenders, problems with race in criminal justice; and, ultimately, how individuals might live out the ideals of a greater justice. Imagining a Greater Justice offers a well-informed look at violence, race, and restorative justice, including often-ignored moral and ethical issues. It posits important policy implications that are essential reading for students of law and criminal justice, as well as all persons affected by violent crime and the administration of justice.

Locking Up Our Own

Author: James Forman, Jr.
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 0374712905
Size: 27.11 MB
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In recent years, America’s criminal justice system has become the subject of an increasingly urgent debate. Critics have assailed the rise of mass incarceration, emphasizing its disproportionate impact on people of color. As James Forman, Jr., points out, however, the war on crime that began in the 1970s was supported by many African American leaders in the nation’s urban centers. In Locking Up Our Own, he seeks to understand why. Forman shows us that the first substantial cohort of black mayors, judges, and police chiefs took office amid a surge in crime and drug addiction. Many prominent black officials, including Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry and federal prosecutor Eric Holder, feared that the gains of the civil rights movement were being undermined by lawlessness—and thus embraced tough-on-crime measures, including longer sentences and aggressive police tactics. In the face of skyrocketing murder rates and the proliferation of open-air drug markets, they believed they had no choice. But the policies they adopted would have devastating consequences for residents of poor black neighborhoods. A former D.C. public defender, Forman tells riveting stories of politicians, community activists, police officers, defendants, and crime victims. He writes with compassion about individuals trapped in terrible dilemmas—from the men and women he represented in court to officials struggling to respond to a public safety emergency. Locking Up Our Own enriches our understanding of why our society became so punitive and offers important lessons to anyone concerned about the future of race and the criminal justice system in this country.

Criminal Procedure Stories

Author: Carol Susan Steiker
Publisher: Foundation Press
ISBN: 9781587789830
Size: 43.42 MB
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Unlike casebooks, this title goes with greater detail into the human stories and the social, political, and legal contexts of the "big" Supreme Court cases regarding criminal justice. It unearths details not available anywhere else. In addition to great narrative enrichment, it provides the provocative thoughts of highly respected scholars who are each experts on the particular cases they address. This book will greatly enhance the teaching of both police practices (a/k/a "Cops and Robbers") and criminal adjudication (a/k/a "Bail to Jail") by providing both important context not available in any casebook and by offering the insights of some of the scholars who have thought the most deeply about these cases and issues.

Expanding The Criminological Imagination

Author: Alana Barton
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN:
Size: 64.85 MB
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This book brings together a series of writings on the problems facing contemporary criminology, highlighting the main theoretical priorities of critical analysis and their application to substantive case studies of research in action. Its main aim is to establish the conceptual and practical foundations for a new generation of studies in criminology, and to set a new agenda for critical criminology. Each chapter will critically assess the main conceptual and empirical problems they have encountered in their research, and to bring to life the key theoretical debates within the discipline. This book will be essential reading for students seeking an understanding of the nature of the discipline of criminology and criminological research.