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The Recollections Of Eugene P Wigner

Author: Eugene Paul Wigner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780306443268
Size: 51.17 MB
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This memoir, a fruitful collaboration between Eugene Wigner and writer Andrew Szanton, reveals a story by turns endearing, painful, and ultimately triumphant. A witness to many of the changes of the twentieth century, Wigner grew up amid the political turmoil of Hungary. He later experienced the Berlin of the early 1930s as Hitler rose to power. During World War II, he took an active role in the Manhattan Project, the building of the world's first atomic bomb. In his recollections, he conveys the exultation of observing the first successfully controlled nuclear chain reaction.

Great Escape

Author: Kati Marton
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 074326116X
Size: 19.42 MB
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Traces the early twentieth century journey of nine prominent men from Budapest who fled fascism to seek sanctuary in America, where they made pivotal contributions to science, film, and photojournalism.

Experten Im Kalten Krieg

Author: Ulrike Wunderle
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657766405
Size: 77.54 MB
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Die Studie widmet sich der amerikanischen Kernphysikerelite, die nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg die Möglichkeiten ihrer Wissenschaft für Krieg und Frieden deutete. Was bestimmte ihr Denken und Handeln? Der Fokus liegt auf den wissenschaftlichen Prägungen und Kriegserfahrungen der ersten "wahrhaft internationalen Generation von Physikern", die in den 1920er Jahren ihre Karriere begann, bevor viele ihrer Vertreter vor dem NS-Regime aus Europa fliehen mussten und im Manhattan-Projekt am Bau der Atombombe mitwirkten. Diese Erfahrungen zieht die Autorin heran, um den Deutungen der neuen Expertenelite in der unmittelbaren Nachkriegszeit und im Kalten Krieg auf die Spur zu kommen. Inwiefern ihr international orientiertes und durch die jeweiligen Kriegserfahrungen geprägtes Denken über den eigenen Beitrag als Wissenschaftler zur nationalen Sicherheit - im Sinne der Abschreckung oder der kooperativen Konfliktregulierung - im Kalten Krieg seinen Ausdruck fand, wird auf verschiedenen Handlungsebenen der Akteure von der Genfer Konferenz "Atoms for Peace" von 1955 bis zur Unterzeichnung des sogenannten begrenzten Teststoppabkommens von 1963 nachgezeichnet.

Genius In The Shadows

Author: William Lanouette
Publisher: Skyhorse
ISBN: 1628734779
Size: 44.88 MB
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Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as “father of the atom bomb.” The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic. Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler’s Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nuclear chain reactions. In order to prevent Nazi scientists from stealing his ideas, he kept his theories secret, until he and Albert Einstein pressed the US government to research atomic reactions and designed the first nuclear reactor. Though he started his career out lobbying for civilian control of atomic energy, he concluded it with founding, in 1962, the first political action committee for arms control, the Council for a Livable World. Besides his career in atomic energy, he also studied biology and sparked ideas that won others the Nobel Prize. The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, where Szilard spent his final days, was developed from his concepts to blend science and social issues.

The Quantum Story

Author: J. E. Baggott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199566844
Size: 70.48 MB
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Utterly beautiful. Profoundly disconcerting. Quantum theory is quite simply the most successful account of the physical universe ever devised. Its concepts underpin much of the twenty-first century technology that we now take for granted. But at the same time it has completely undermined our ability to make sense of the world at its most fundamental level. Niels Bohr claimed that anybody who is not shocked by the theory has not understood it. The American physicist Richard Feynman went further: he claimed that nobody understands it. The Quantum Story begins in 1900, tracing a century of game-changing science. Popular science writer Jim Baggott first shows how, over the space of three decades, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, and others formulated and refined the theory--and opened the floodgates. Indeed, since then, a torrent of ideas has flowed from the world's leading physicists, as they explore and apply the theory's bizarre implications. To take us from the story's beginning to the present day, Baggott organizes his narrative around forty turning-point moments of discovery. Many of these are inextricably bound up with the characters involved--their rivalries and their collaborations, their arguments and, not least, their excitement as they sense that they are redefining what reality means. Through the mix of story and science, we experience their breathtaking leaps of theory and experiment, as they uncover such undreamed of and mind-boggling phenomenon as black holes, multiple universes, quantum entanglement, the Higgs boson, and much more. Brisk, clear, and compelling, The Quantum Story is science writing at its best. A compelling look at the one-hundred-year history of quantum theory, it illuminates the idea as it reveals how generations of physicists have grappled with this monster ever since.

Prematurity In Scientific Discovery

Author: Ernest B. Hook
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520231061
Size: 41.98 MB
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"In preparing this remarkable book, Ernest Hook persuaded an eminent group of scientists, historians, sociologists and philosophers to focus on the problem: why are some discoveries rejected at a particular time but later seen to be valid? The interaction of these experts did not produce agreement on 'prematurity' in science but something more valuable: a collection of fascinating papers, many of them based on new research and analysis, which sometimes forced the author to revise a previously-held opinion. The book should be enthusiastically welcomed by all readers who are interested in how science works."—Stephen G. Brush, co-author of Physics, The Human Adventure: From copernicus to Einstein and Beyond "Prematurity and Scientific Discovery contains interesting and insightful papers by numerous well-known scientists and scholars. It will be of wide interest, not only to science studies scholars but also to working scientists and to science-literate general readers."—Thomas Nickles, editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality

Contemporary Authors

Author: Donna Olendorf
Publisher: Gale Cengage
ISBN: 9780810319714
Size: 78.62 MB
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Find biographical information on more than 130,000 modern novelists, poets, playwrights, nonfiction writers, journalists and scriptwriters. Sketches typically include personal information, contact information, career history, writings, biographical and critical sources, authors' comments, and informative essays about their lives and work. A softcover cumulative index is published twice per year (included in subscription).

The Scribner Encyclopedia Of American Lives

Author: Kenneth T. Jackson
Publisher: Charles Scribners & Sons
ISBN: 9780684806440
Size: 59.90 MB
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Includes persons who made significant contributions while living in the United States, whether or not they were U.S. citizens, and who died in the five-year period covered by each volume. Includes an index by occupation.

Mapping The Ethical Turn

Author: Todd F. Davis
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN:
Size: 34.28 MB
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Divided into four descriptive sections—"Theory and the Ethics of Literary Text," "Confronting the Difficult: The Ethics of Race and Power," "Making Darkness Visible: The Ethical Implications of Narrative as Witness," and "Ways of Seeing: The Diversity of Applied Ethical Criticism"—this unprecedented collection of essays traces the interpretive, pedagogic, and theoretical concerns inherent in the study of literature, ethics, and modes of criticism. Wayne C. Booth's "Why Ethical Criticism Can Never Be Simple," J. Hillis Miller's "How to Be 'in Tune with the Right' in The Golden Bowl," Susan Gubar's "Poets of Testimony," and Martha C. Nussbaum's "Exactly and Responsibly: A Defense of Ethical Criticism" are among the fifteen essays included. Bringing together ethical criticism's most important theorists, Mapping the Ethical Turn is a cohesive introduction to a reading paradigm that continues to influence the ways in which we think and feel about the stories that mark our lives.