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The Road To Independence For Kosovo

Author: Henry H. Perritt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521116244
Size: 25.49 MB
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This book tells the story of Kosovo's independence, from earlier periods of bloodshed to its final status as a state in 2008.

Liberating Kosovo

Author: David L. Phillips
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262305127
Size: 29.10 MB
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Kosovo, after its incorporation into the Serbian Republic of Yugoslavia, became increasingly restive during the 1990s as Yugoslavia plunged into internal war and Kosovo's ethnic Albanian residents (Kosovars) sought autonomy. In March 1999, NATO forces began airstrikes against targets in Kosovo and Serbia in an effort to protect Kosovars against persecution. The bombing campaign ended in June 1999, and Kosovo was placed under transitional UN administration while negotiations on its status ensued. Kosovo eventually declared independence in 2008. Despite internal political tension and economic problems, the new nation has been recognized by many other countries and most of its inhabitants welcome its separation from Serbia. In Liberating Kosovo, David Phillips offers a compelling account of the negotiations and military actions that culminated in Kosovo's independence. Drawing on his own participation in the diplomatic process and interviews with leading participants, Phillips chronicles Slobodan Milosevic's rise to power, the sufferings of the Kosovars, and the events that led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. He analyzes how NATO, the United Nations, and the United States employed diplomacy, aerial bombing, and peacekeeping forces to set in motion the process that led to independence for Kosovo. He also offers important insights into a critical issue in contemporary international politics: how and when the United States, other nations, and NGOs should act to prevent ethnic cleansing and severe human-rights abuses.

Die Anerkennung Des Kosovo Als V Lkerrechtliches Problem

Author: Florian Rühmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640945778
Size: 79.39 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Jura - Europarecht, Völkerrecht, Internationales Privatrecht, Note: 13 Punkte, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (Institut für Völkerrecht ), Veranstaltung: Seminar zum Völkerrecht / Internationalen Wirtschaftsrecht, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Durch die Unabhängigkeitserklärung der Republik Kosovo vom 17. Februar 2008 rückt die ehemals südserbische Provinz erneut ins Blickfeld einer völkerrechtlichen Betrachtung. So wirft die Sezession aus dem serbischen Staatsverband eine Reihe von Rechtsfragen auf, deren Beurteilung unter Völkerrechtlern äußerst umstritten ist. Während die serbische Regierung der Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo strikt ablehnend gegenüber steht, beurteilt die internationale Gemeinschaft die Rechtmäßigkeit der kosovarischen Sezession höchst unterschiedlich: Insbesondere Russland und China lehnen diese als eine Verletzung des Völkerrechts ab, die Staaten der westlichen Hemisphäre sprechen sich hingegen größtenteils für die Anerkennung des Kosovo aus. Ob die einseitig erklärte Unabhängigkeit einer völkerrechtlichen Prüfung standhalten kann, ist jedoch fraglich. Ist mit der Ausrufung der Republik tatsächlich ein eigenständiger Staat von dauerhafter Existenz entstanden? Sind die ausgesprochenen Anerkennungen wirklich rechtswirksam? Oder entfalten sie gar eine konstitutive Wirkung und verleihen dem Kosovo erst seine Staatsqualität? Hat Serbien seinen territorialen Titel durch die massiven Menschenrechtsverletzungen an den Kosovo-Albanern womöglich verwirkt? Können diese folglich einen Sezessionsanspruch geltend machen und sich dabei auf das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker berufen? Wie ist die UN-Resolution 1244 zu bewerten, die den Kosovo unter internationale Verwaltung stellt? Ist dieser Sicherheitsratsbeschluss von der Wirklichkeit überholt worden oder dient er weiterhin als alleingültige Rechtsgrundlage? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen wird zunächst der historische Verlauf des Kosovo-Konflikts nachgezeichnet und sodann die Frage nach dem völkerrechtlichen Status des nunmehr unabhängigen Kosovo in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Dabei gilt es die Rechtswirkung der ausgesprochenen Anerkennungen einer Prüfung zu unterziehen sowie das Spannungsfeld zwischen dem Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Kosovo-Albaner und der territorialen Integrität Serbiens auszuloten. Auch die Rolle der Vereinten Nationen bei der Lösung der Kosovo-Frage und damit der völkerrechtliche Status der internationalen Akteure vor und nach der Unabhängigkeitserklärung bedarf einer Analyse. Abschließend gilt es dann zu beurteilen, ob die kosovarische Unabhängigkeit einen völkerrechtlichen Einzelfall darstellt oder inwieweit es sich dabei um eine Sezession mit Beispielcharakter für andere Konfliktregionen weltweit handeln könnte.

Russia Against Napoleon

Author: Dominic Lieven
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101429389
Size: 42.73 MB
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A major new history of the Russian conflict immortalized by Tolstoy in War and Peace Russia's expulsion of Napoleon's Grande Armée in 1812 is considered one of the most dramatic events in European history. However, Tolstoyan myth and an imbalance of British and French interpretations have clouded most Westerners' understanding of Russia's role in the defeat of Napoleon. Based on a fresh examination of Russian military archives, Russia Against Napoleon provides the first-ever history of the period told from the Russian perspective. In Dominic Lieven's account, Russia's victory in 1812 was just the beginning of what would be the longest military campaign in European history, marked by Russia's epic efforts to feed and supply half a million troops as they crossed an entire continent. Moving from the 1807 treaty signed by Napoleon and Tsar Alexander I through the Russian army's improbable entry into Paris in 1814, Lieven provides suspenseful accounts of events, such as the burning of Moscow and the great battles of Leipzig and Borodino, as well as astute analyses of the great military strategists of the time. The result is a magisterial work sure to be eagerly anticipated by military and history buffs alike.

In The Name Of The Nation

Author: M. Laruelle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230101232
Size: 58.21 MB
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This book deconstructs the equation of nationalism with the extreme right in Russia.

Kosovo Liberation Army

Author: Henry H. Perritt
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252092139
Size: 48.41 MB
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The military intervention by NATO in Kosovo was portrayed in American media as a necessary step to prevent the Serbian armed forces from repeating the ethnic cleansing that had so deeply damaged the former Yugoslavia. Serbia trained its military on Kosovo because of an ongoing armed struggle by ethnic Albanians to wrest independence from Serbia. Warfare in the Balkans seemed to threaten the stability of Europe, as well as the peace and security of Kosovars, and yet armed resistance seemed to offer the only possibility of future stability. Leading the struggle against Serbia was the Kosovo Liberation Army, also known as the KLA. Kosovo Liberation Army: The Inside Story of an Insurgency provides a historical background for the KLA and describes its activities up to and including the NATO intervention. Henry H. Perritt Jr. offers firsthand insight into the motives and organization of a popular insurgency, detailing the strategies of recruitment, training, and financing that made the KLA one of the most successful insurgencies of the post-cold war era. This volume also tells the personal stories of young people who took up guns in response to repeated humiliation by "foreign occupiers," as they perceived the Serb police and intelligence personnel. Perritt illuminates the factors that led to the KLA's success, including its convergence with political developments in eastern Europe, its campaign for popular support both at home and abroad, and its participation in international negotiations and a peace settlement that helped pave the long road from war to peace.

Western Intervention In The Balkans

Author: Roger D. Petersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139503308
Size: 36.78 MB
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Conflicts involve powerful experiences. The residue of these experiences is captured by the concept and language of emotion. Indiscriminate killing creates fear; targeted violence produces anger and a desire for vengeance; political status reversals spawn resentment; cultural prejudices sustain ethnic contempt. These emotions can become resources for political entrepreneurs. A broad range of Western interventions are based on a view of human nature as narrowly rational. Correspondingly, intervention policy generally aims to alter material incentives ('sticks and carrots') to influence behavior. In response, poorer and weaker actors who wish to block or change this Western implemented 'game' use emotions as resources. This book examines the strategic use of emotion in the conflicts and interventions occurring in the Western Balkans over a twenty-year period. The book concentrates on the conflicts among Albanian and Slavic populations (Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, South Serbia), along with some comparisons to Bosnia.

Kosovo

Author: James Ker-Lindsay
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857714120
Size: 49.48 MB
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In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Was this the final chapter in the break-up of Yugoslavia and the successful conclusion to the Balkan Wars of the 1990s? Or was it just one more wrong turn in the path to stability in the Balkans which has set a dangerous precedent for regional conflict throughout the world? _x000D_ _x000D_ When the UN Security Council authorised negotiations to determine the final status of Kosovo in October 2005, most observers confidently expected the Serbian province to become an independent state by the end of the following year. However, the process did not go as planned. After two years of discussions, conducted by two different sets of mediators, the two sides had still not reached an agreement. With the risk of violence in Kosovo increasing, Western leaders appeared to be left with no choice but to accept a unilateral declaration of independence - despite the destabilising effects that this might have on regional and international security. _x000D_ _x000D_ James Ker-Lindsay here charts the course of Kosovo’s path to independence. He points out the serious flaws in the way the talks were conducted and shows how the discussions became caught up in renewed East-West tensions. This clear and perceptive account will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in the recent history of the Balkans or in international conflict resolution.

The Coming Balkan Caliphate

Author: Christopher Deliso
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275995256
Size: 40.83 MB
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Well-funded groups like the Saudi-backed Wahabbis continue to exploit internal schisms within local communities, while the international administrations in Bosnia and Kosovo have actually strengthened the grip of local mafia groups--business partners of terrorists. Worst of all, the Western peacekeepers' chronic "don't rock the boat" mentality has allowed extremist groups to operate unchallenged. Nevertheless, regional demographic and cultural trends, coinciding with an increasingly hostile attitude in the larger Muslim world over Western military actions and perceived symbolic provocations, indicate that the lawless Balkans will become increasingly valuable as a strategic base for Islamic radicals over the next two decades