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The Road To Independence For Kosovo

Author: Henry H. Perritt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521116244
Size: 80.61 MB
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This book tells the story of Kosovo's independence, from earlier periods of bloodshed to its final status as a state in 2008.

Liberating Kosovo

Author: David L. Phillips
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262305127
Size: 11.28 MB
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Kosovo, after its incorporation into the Serbian Republic of Yugoslavia, became increasingly restive during the 1990s as Yugoslavia plunged into internal war and Kosovo's ethnic Albanian residents (Kosovars) sought autonomy. In March 1999, NATO forces began airstrikes against targets in Kosovo and Serbia in an effort to protect Kosovars against persecution. The bombing campaign ended in June 1999, and Kosovo was placed under transitional UN administration while negotiations on its status ensued. Kosovo eventually declared independence in 2008. Despite internal political tension and economic problems, the new nation has been recognized by many other countries and most of its inhabitants welcome its separation from Serbia. In Liberating Kosovo, David Phillips offers a compelling account of the negotiations and military actions that culminated in Kosovo's independence. Drawing on his own participation in the diplomatic process and interviews with leading participants, Phillips chronicles Slobodan Milosevic's rise to power, the sufferings of the Kosovars, and the events that led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. He analyzes how NATO, the United Nations, and the United States employed diplomacy, aerial bombing, and peacekeeping forces to set in motion the process that led to independence for Kosovo. He also offers important insights into a critical issue in contemporary international politics: how and when the United States, other nations, and NGOs should act to prevent ethnic cleansing and severe human-rights abuses.

The Routledge Handbook Of Ethnic Conflict

Author: Karl Cordell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317518926
Size: 28.26 MB
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A definitive global survey of the interaction of ethnicity, nationalism and politics, this handbook blends rigorous theoretically grounded analysis with empirically rich illustrations to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the contemporary debates on one of the most pervasive international security challenges today. Fully updated for the second edition, the book includes a new section which offers detailed analyses of contemporary cases of conflict such as in Ukraine, Kosovo, the African Great Lakes region and in the Kurdish areas across the Middle East, thus providing accessible examples that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The contributors offer a 360-degree perspective on ethnic conflict: from the theoretical foundations of nationalism and ethnicity to the causes and consequences of ethnic conflict, and to the various strategies adopted in response to it. Without privileging any specific explanation of why ethnic conflict happens at a particular place and time or why attempts at preventing or settling it might fail or succeed, The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict enables readers to gain a better insight into such defining moments in post-Cold War international history as the disintegration of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, and their respective consequences, the genocide in Rwanda, and the relative success of conflict settlement efforts in Northern Ireland. By contributing to understanding the varied and multiple causes of ethnic conflicts and to learning from the successes and failures of their prevention and settlement, the Handbook makes a powerful case that ethnic conflicts are neither unavoidable nor unresolvable, but rather that they require careful analysis and thoughtful and measured responses.

Judge Ant Nio A Can Ado Trindade The Construction Of A Humanized International Law

Author: Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade
Publisher: Hotei Publishing
ISBN: 9004251030
Size: 56.96 MB
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This volume is the sixth in the Series The Judges, which collects and synthesizes the opinions of leading international Judges of the contemporary era who have contributed significantly to the progressive development of international law. The current volume contains a selection of the Individual Opinions of Judge Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, former Judge and President of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and since 2008 a Judge of the International Court of Justice. Two volume set.

Die Anerkennung Des Kosovo Als V Lkerrechtliches Problem

Author: Florian Rühmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640945778
Size: 22.49 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Jura - Europarecht, Völkerrecht, Internationales Privatrecht, Note: 13 Punkte, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn (Institut für Völkerrecht ), Veranstaltung: Seminar zum Völkerrecht / Internationalen Wirtschaftsrecht, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Durch die Unabhängigkeitserklärung der Republik Kosovo vom 17. Februar 2008 rückt die ehemals südserbische Provinz erneut ins Blickfeld einer völkerrechtlichen Betrachtung. So wirft die Sezession aus dem serbischen Staatsverband eine Reihe von Rechtsfragen auf, deren Beurteilung unter Völkerrechtlern äußerst umstritten ist. Während die serbische Regierung der Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo strikt ablehnend gegenüber steht, beurteilt die internationale Gemeinschaft die Rechtmäßigkeit der kosovarischen Sezession höchst unterschiedlich: Insbesondere Russland und China lehnen diese als eine Verletzung des Völkerrechts ab, die Staaten der westlichen Hemisphäre sprechen sich hingegen größtenteils für die Anerkennung des Kosovo aus. Ob die einseitig erklärte Unabhängigkeit einer völkerrechtlichen Prüfung standhalten kann, ist jedoch fraglich. Ist mit der Ausrufung der Republik tatsächlich ein eigenständiger Staat von dauerhafter Existenz entstanden? Sind die ausgesprochenen Anerkennungen wirklich rechtswirksam? Oder entfalten sie gar eine konstitutive Wirkung und verleihen dem Kosovo erst seine Staatsqualität? Hat Serbien seinen territorialen Titel durch die massiven Menschenrechtsverletzungen an den Kosovo-Albanern womöglich verwirkt? Können diese folglich einen Sezessionsanspruch geltend machen und sich dabei auf das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker berufen? Wie ist die UN-Resolution 1244 zu bewerten, die den Kosovo unter internationale Verwaltung stellt? Ist dieser Sicherheitsratsbeschluss von der Wirklichkeit überholt worden oder dient er weiterhin als alleingültige Rechtsgrundlage? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen wird zunächst der historische Verlauf des Kosovo-Konflikts nachgezeichnet und sodann die Frage nach dem völkerrechtlichen Status des nunmehr unabhängigen Kosovo in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Dabei gilt es die Rechtswirkung der ausgesprochenen Anerkennungen einer Prüfung zu unterziehen sowie das Spannungsfeld zwischen dem Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Kosovo-Albaner und der territorialen Integrität Serbiens auszuloten. Auch die Rolle der Vereinten Nationen bei der Lösung der Kosovo-Frage und damit der völkerrechtliche Status der internationalen Akteure vor und nach der Unabhängigkeitserklärung bedarf einer Analyse. Abschließend gilt es dann zu beurteilen, ob die kosovarische Unabhängigkeit einen völkerrechtlichen Einzelfall darstellt oder inwieweit es sich dabei um eine Sezession mit Beispielcharakter für andere Konfliktregionen weltweit handeln könnte.

Russia Against Napoleon

Author: Dominic Lieven
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101429389
Size: 52.34 MB
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A major new history of the Russian conflict immortalized by Tolstoy in War and Peace Russia's expulsion of Napoleon's Grande Armée in 1812 is considered one of the most dramatic events in European history. However, Tolstoyan myth and an imbalance of British and French interpretations have clouded most Westerners' understanding of Russia's role in the defeat of Napoleon. Based on a fresh examination of Russian military archives, Russia Against Napoleon provides the first-ever history of the period told from the Russian perspective. In Dominic Lieven's account, Russia's victory in 1812 was just the beginning of what would be the longest military campaign in European history, marked by Russia's epic efforts to feed and supply half a million troops as they crossed an entire continent. Moving from the 1807 treaty signed by Napoleon and Tsar Alexander I through the Russian army's improbable entry into Paris in 1814, Lieven provides suspenseful accounts of events, such as the burning of Moscow and the great battles of Leipzig and Borodino, as well as astute analyses of the great military strategists of the time. The result is a magisterial work sure to be eagerly anticipated by military and history buffs alike.

Meeting The Demands Of Reason

Author: Jay Bergman
Size: 18.73 MB
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A comprehensive account of Sakharov's life and intellectual development, focusing on his political thought and the effect his ideas had on Soviet society.

Kosovo Liberation Army

Author: Henry H. Perritt
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252092139
Size: 49.68 MB
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The military intervention by NATO in Kosovo was portrayed in American media as a necessary step to prevent the Serbian armed forces from repeating the ethnic cleansing that had so deeply damaged the former Yugoslavia. Serbia trained its military on Kosovo because of an ongoing armed struggle by ethnic Albanians to wrest independence from Serbia. Warfare in the Balkans seemed to threaten the stability of Europe, as well as the peace and security of Kosovars, and yet armed resistance seemed to offer the only possibility of future stability. Leading the struggle against Serbia was the Kosovo Liberation Army, also known as the KLA. Kosovo Liberation Army: The Inside Story of an Insurgency provides a historical background for the KLA and describes its activities up to and including the NATO intervention. Henry H. Perritt Jr. offers firsthand insight into the motives and organization of a popular insurgency, detailing the strategies of recruitment, training, and financing that made the KLA one of the most successful insurgencies of the post-cold war era. This volume also tells the personal stories of young people who took up guns in response to repeated humiliation by "foreign occupiers," as they perceived the Serb police and intelligence personnel. Perritt illuminates the factors that led to the KLA's success, including its convergence with political developments in eastern Europe, its campaign for popular support both at home and abroad, and its participation in international negotiations and a peace settlement that helped pave the long road from war to peace.

The Mediator

Author: Katri Merikallio
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1849043183
Size: 35.18 MB
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Martti Ahtisaari is the world's most renowned and successful mediator in international conflicts. In 2008 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his lead role in bringing independence to Namibia, Serbia's withdrawal from Kosovo, the decommissioning of weapons in Northern Ireland and autonomy for Aceh in Indonesia. Ahtisaari's range of international contacts and global experience are remarkable and his is the name which is still most often mentioned when the world looks for an individual to try to broker a peace deal. Ahtisaari also served for six years as President of Finland, the first holder of that office to be directly elected. Upon leaving office, he founded Crisis Management Initiative, an international NGO specialising in conflict resolution and development issues. The Mediator is an authorized biography, based on extensive interviews with Ahtisaari himself as well as his family, friends and colleagues.