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The Schooling Of Girls In Britain And Ireland 1800 1900

Author: Jane McDermid
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134675186
Size: 59.93 MB
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This book compares the formal education of the majority of girls in Britain and Ireland in the nineteenth century. Previous books about ‘Britain’ invariably focus on England, and such ‘British’ studies tend not to include Ireland despite its incorporation into the Union in 1801. The Schooling of Girls in Britain and Ireland, 1800-1900 presents a comparative synthesis of the schooling of working and middle-class girls in the Victorian period, with the emphasis on the interaction of gender, social class, religion and nationality across the UK. It reveals similarities as well as differences between both the social classes and the constituent parts of the Union, including strikingly similar concerns about whether working-class girls could fulfill their domestic responsibilities. What they had in common with middle-class girls was that they were to be educated for the good of others. This study shows how middle-class women used educational reform to carve a public role for themselves on the basis of a domesticated life for their lower class ‘sisters’, confirming that Victorian feminism was both empowering and constraining by reinforcing conventional gender stereotypes.

Ascendancy Women And Elementary Education In Ireland

Author: Eilís O'Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319546392
Size: 73.96 MB
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This book outlines the lives of six female members of the Irish Ascendancy, and describes their involvement with educational provision for poor children in Ireland at the end of the long eighteenth century. It argues that these women were moved by empathy and by a sense of duty, and that they were motivated by political considerations, pragmatism and, especially, religious belief. The book highlights the women’s agency and locates their contribution in international and literary contexts; and by exploring sources and evidence not previously considered, it generates an enhanced understanding of Ascendancy women’s involvement with the provision of elementary education for poor Irish children. This book will appeal to scholars and researchers in the fields of Education and History of Education. It will also have broad appeal for those interested in Gender and Women’s Studies, in Georgian Ireland and in the history of Ascendancy families and estates.

Scottish Women A Documentary History 1780 1914

Author: Esther Breitenbach
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748683402
Size: 68.83 MB
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A sourcebook illustrating the experience of Scottish women from 1780-1914. Drawing on a wide range of source materials from across Scotland, this sourcebook provides new insights into women's attitudes to the society in which they lived, and how they negotiated their identities within private and public life.Organised in thematic chapters, it moves from the private and intimate experiences of sexuality, health and sickness to Scotswomen's migrations across the British empire, illustrating many facets of women's lives - domesticity and waged work, defiance of law and convention, religious faith and respectability, political action and public influence. A range of fascinating and rich source material sheds new light on the lives of women across Scotland throughout the long nineteenth century, demonstrating the pervasiveness of discourses of appropriate feminine behaviour, but also women's subversion of this. It raises challenging questions for researchers about the identification of women's voices, where these have been muted by class, religion, or ethnicity, while at the same time providing a methodology for uncovering these.

Female Education In Ireland 1700 1900

Author: Deirdre Raftery
Publisher: Irish Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780716527770
Size: 18.72 MB
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The history of formal education for Irish women was characterised by a dichotomy: should a girl be educated for the private sphere and a dutiful subservience, or should she be educated for independent thought and paid employment? Her role models were either women who - like Minerva the goddess of wisdom - valued intellectual pursuits, or women who - like the Madonna - were pious and dutiful and accepted that their primary role was motherhood. This book is the only complete study of the formal education of Irish women and girls. Based on extensive research in original sources, it presents a fascinating social history of the educational experience of the female sex in Ireland between 1700 and 1920. The book, which examines its theme in three major sections, covers every aspect of formal - and indeed informal - schooling and tuition. Consequently, the reader is introduced to such areas as private education, orphanages, industrial schools, national schools, convents, intermediate schools and colleges of higher education. Section One examines the history of education prior to the intervention of the state. Sources include records of private education, charity schools and foundations of the early Catholic teaching orders. Section Two examines state intervention. The introduction of the national school system brought mass literacy to girls of the lower classes but with a gendered curriculum. At convent and boarding schools, middle-class girls received and education suited to their roles in life. However, in the mid-nineteenth century we find the genesis of the concept of academic education for girls. Finally, Section Three deals with the intellectual liberation of women, with particular reference to state support for Intermediate education from 1878, and the campaign for access to higher education for women. Formal education brought with it an opening of the professions, and facilitated access to a range of paid employment for women.

Mehrsprachigkeit Im Vereinten Europa

Author: Jürgen Gerhards
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531920367
Size: 39.98 MB
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Globalisierung und die fortschreitende Verflechtung der Mitgliedsländer der Europäischen Union führen zu neuen Anforderungen an und Chancen für die Bürger in Europa. Wollen diese am Europäisierungsprozess partizipieren, indem sie z. B. im Ausland studieren oder arbeiten, dann müssen sie die Sprache des jeweiligen Landes sprechen. Transnationales sprachliches Kapital wird damit zu einer zentralen Ressource der Teilhabe am Europäisierungsprozess. Jürgen Gerhards rekonstruiert die Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen Mehrsprachigkeit zu einer zentralen Ressource geworden ist. Auf der Grundlage einer Umfrage in 27 Ländern der EU analysiert er die Fremdsprachenkompetenz der Bürger Europas; dabei gelingt es ihm, die enormen Unterschiede, die sich in der Ausstattung mit transnationalem sprachlichen Kapital zwischen und innerhalb der Länder zeigen, systematisch zu erklären. Gerhards plädiert für eine radikale Umkehr in der Sprachenpolitik der EU, indem er sich für die verbindliche Einführung des Englischen als ‚lingua franca’ in Europa ausspricht.

Educating Women

Author: Christina de Bellaigue
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN:
Size: 77.96 MB
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In this book, Christina de Bellaigue uses schooling for girls as a lens through which to examine the lives of women on either side of the Channel. She looks at boarding-schools for girls in nineteenth-century England, exploring the emergence and expansion of private schooling for girls, the recruitment and training of schoolmistresses; the strategies involved in establishing a school and claiming professional standing; the lives of schoolgirls, and the instruction they received; and the experiences of pupils and teachers who crossed the Channel. In the process, Educating Women illuminates unexplored areas of the history of women and of education, and uncovers new findings on the history of the professions and the relationship between gender and national identity in the nineteenth century.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 77.43 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

M Tter Im Vaterland

Author: Claudia Koonz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783926023148
Size: 57.25 MB
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Das Werk widmet sich der Frage, wie Frauen dazu kamen, eine männliche, nationalsozialistische Politik zu unterstützen. Schwerpunkte bilden die Rolle protestantischer, katholischer und jüdischer Frauen sowie die Funktion der Geschlechtertrennung für die Kriegsökonomie und den Genozid. Darüber hinaus enthält die Publikation Gespräche mit der ehemaligen Reichsfrauenführerin Gertrud Scholtz-Klink und der Jüdin Jolana Roth, die im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau gefangen war.