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The Scope And Intensity Of Substantive Review

Author: Hanna Wilberg
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509906207
Size: 28.34 MB
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Inspired by the work of Professor Michael Taggart, this collection of essays from across the common law world is concerned with two separate but related themes. First, to what extent and by what means should review on substantive grounds such as unreasonableness be expanded and intensified? Jowell, Elliott and Varuhas all agree with Taggart that proportionality should not 'sweep the rainbow', but propose different schemes for organising and conceptualising substantive review. Groves and Weeks, and Hoexter evaluate the state of substantive review in Australia and South Africa respectively. The second theme concerns the broader (Canadian) sense of substantive review including the illegality grounds, and whether deference should extend to these grounds. Cane and Aronson consider the relevance and impact of different constitutional and doctrinal settings. Wilberg and Daly address questions concerning when and how deference is to operate once it is accepted as appropriate in principle. Rights-based review is discussed in a separate third part because it raises both of the above questions. Geiringer, Sales and Walters examine the choices to be made in settling the approach in this area, each focusing on a different dichotomy. Taggart's work is notable for treating these various aspects of substantive review as parts of a broader whole, and for his search for an appropriate balance between judicial scrutiny and administrative autonomy across this entire area. By bringing together essays on all these topics, this volume seeks to build on that approach.

Australian Constitutional Values

Author: Rosalind Dixon
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509918426
Size: 48.98 MB
Format: PDF
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Vigorous debate exists among constitutional scholars as to the appropriate 'modalities' of constitutional argument, and their relative weight. Many scholars, however, argue that one important modality of constitutional argument involves attention to underlying constitutional purposes or 'values'. In Australia, this kind of values-oriented approach has been advocated by leading constitutional scholars, and also finds support in the judgments of the High Court at various times, particularly during the Mason Court era. Much of the scholarly debate on constitutional values to date, however, focuses on whether the Court should in fact look to constitutional values in this way, not the kinds of values the Court should consider, given such an approach. This book responds to this gap in the existing scholarly literature, by inviting a range of leading Australian constitutional lawyers and scholars to address the relevance and scope of various substantive constitutional values, and how they might affect the Court's approach to constitutional interpretation in various contexts. It is essential reading for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of Australia's constitutional system.

Reconstructing Judicial Review

Author: Sarah Nason
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509904638
Size: 35.79 MB
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This book offers a new interpretation of judicial review in England and Wales as being concerned with the advancement of justice and good governance, as opposed to being concerned primarily with ultra vires or common law constitutionalism. It is developed both from examining the functions and values that ought to be served by judicial review, and from analysis of empirical 'social' facts about judicial review primarily as experienced in the Administrative Court. Based on ground-up case law analysis it constructs a new taxonomy on the grounds of judicial review: mistake, procedural impropriety, ordinary common law statutory interpretation, discretionary impropriety, relevant/irrelevant considerations, breach of an ECHR protected right or equality duty, and constitutional allocation of powers, constitutional rights, or other complex constitutional principles. It explains each of these grounds, what academic and judicial support there might be for them outside case law analysis, and their similarities and differences when viewed against popular existing taxonomies. It concludes that Administrative Court judges are engaged in ordinary common law statutory interpretation in approximately half of all cases, and that where discretionary judgement is involved on the part of the initial decision-maker, judges do indeed consider their task to be one of determining whether the challenged decision was justified by reasoning of adequate quality. It finds that judges apply ordinary common law principles of statutory interpretation with historical pedigrees, including assessing the initial decision-maker's reasoning with reference to statutory purpose, and sifting relevant from irrelevant considerations, including moral considerations. The result is a ground-breaking reassessment of the grounds of judicial review in England and Wales and the practice of the Administrative Court.

The Federal Idea

Author: Amnon Lev
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509907130
Size: 46.74 MB
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A significant part of the world's population lives under some sort of federal arrangement. And yet, the concepts of federalism and federation remain under-theorised. Federalist theorists have, for the most part, defined their object by opposition to the unitary state. As a result, they have not developed public law theories that capture the specificity of this type of polity. Bringing together contributions from leading public law theorists and intellectual historians, this volume explores the foundations of federalism. It develops novel perspectives on the core problems of traditional federalist theory and charts new departures in federalist theory and federal power-sharing. At a time when we look for more inclusive ways of ordering public life, the volume fills an urgent theoretical and political need.

Verh Ltnism Igkeit Im V Lkerrecht

Author: Björnstjern Baade
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161542435
Size: 79.84 MB
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English summary: Proportionality has taken root in many fields of public international law. This volume approaches proportionality on an abstract as well as more tangible level. Not only is its theoretical and philosophical background analysed, but also its effect in specific fields of investment, the European Union, humanitarian law and human rights. Proportionality's increased popularity is critically reflected on in each contribution. German description: Das Prinzip der Verhaltnismassigkeit erhalt in verschiedenen Bereichen des Volkerrechts Aufmerksamkeit und Relevanz. Dies war Anlass fur den Arbeitskreis junger Volkerrechtswissenschaftler und die Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationales Recht, gemeinsam einen Blick auf dieses Prinzip zu werfen. Der daraus entstandene Tagungsband liefert Einsichten aus diversen Blickwinkeln: Er stellt allgemeine gebietsubergreifende Fragen, etwa ob Verhaltnismassigkeit als globales Verfassungsprinzip verstanden und als Mittel zur Harmonisierung und Defragmentierung nutzbar gemacht werden kann. Daruber hinaus enthalt der Band philosophische Grunduberlegungen. Es werden die Relevanz und Wirkungsweise in verschiedenen konkreten Teilgebieten wie dem humanitaren Volkerrecht und dem Menschenrechtsschutz untersucht. Auch aktuelle Fragen internationaler Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit werden kritisch aufgegriffen. Nicht zuletzt setzen sich die Beitrage mit der aktuellen Rechtsprechung des Europaischen Gerichtshofes zur Verhaltnismassigkeit als Kompetenzregulativ auf Unionsebene auseinander. Mit Beitragen von: Frederik Becker, Michael Goldhammer, Sue Gonzalez Hauck, Thomas Muller, Anne Peters, Lars Schonwald, Rike Sinder, Sebastian Wuschka

Schwacher Staat Im Netz

Author: Martin Schallbruch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658199474
Size: 77.80 MB
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Die Digitalisierung fordert den Staat nicht einfach nur heraus. Sie überfordert ihn. Sie stellt in Frage, wie wir 70 Jahre lang unser Gemeinwesen gesteuert, organisiert und verteidigt haben. Unser demokratischer Staat mit seinen Institutionen und Verfahren tut sich schwer, seine bisherige Rolle auch im digitalen Raum zu spielen. Entlang persönlicher Erfahrungen zeichnet der Autor die Entstehung der Netz- und Digitalpolitik seit dem Jahr 2000 in Deutschland nach. Er beschreibt anhand von Beispielen die Mühen von Politik und Verwaltung im Umgang mit der Digitalisierung. Der Autor arbeitet die Ursachen der digitalen Schwäche des Staates heraus und präsentiert konkrete Vorschläge, wie die Politik die Wirksamkeit des Staates erhalten kann – auch in der digitalen Welt.