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The Secret History Of The Mongol Queens

Author: Jack Weatherford
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 9780307589361
Size: 68.24 MB
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The Mongol queens of the thirteenth century ruled the largest empire the world has ever known. Yet sometime near the end of the century, censors cut their story from The Secret History of the Mongols, leaving only a hint of a father’s legacy for his daughters. The queens of the Silk Route turned their father’s conquests into the world’s first truly international empire, fostering trade, education, and religion throughout their territories and creating an economic system that stretched from the Pacific to the Mediterranean. Outlandish stories of these powerful queens trickled out of the Empire, shocking the citizens of Europe and and the Islamic world. After Genghis Khan’s death in 1227, conflicts erupted between his daughters and his daughters-in-law; what began as a war between powerful women soon became a war against women in power as brother turned against sister and son against mother. At the end of this epic struggle, the dynasty of the Mongol queens had seemingly been extinguished forever, as even their names were erased from the historical record. Two centuries later, one of the most unusual and important warrior queens of history--Queen Mandhuhai--arose to avenge the wrongs, rescue the tattered shreds of the Mongol Empire, and restore order to a shattered world. She led her soldiers through victory after victory. In her thirties she married a seventeen-year-old prince, and she bore eight children in the midst of a career spent fighting the Ming Dynasty of China on one side and a series of Muslim warlords on the other. Her unprecedented success on the battlefield provoked the Chinese into the most frantic and expensive phase of wall building in history. Charging into battle even while pregnant, she fought to reassemble the Mongol Nation of Genghis Khan and to preserve it for her own children to rule in peace. Despite their mystery and the efforts to erase them from our collective memory, the deeds of these Mongol queens inspired great artists from Chaucer and Milton to Goethe and Puccini. And so their stories live on today. With The Secret History of the Mongol Queens, Jack Weatherford restores the queens’ missing chapter to the annals of history. From the Hardcover edition.

Licht Aus Dem Osten

Author: Peter Frankopan
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644122814
Size: 26.59 MB
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«‹Eine neue Geschichte der Welt› – dieses Buch verdient den Titel voll und ganz.» Peter Frankopan lehrt uns, die Geschichte neu zu sehen – indem er nicht Europa, sondern den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zum Ausgangspunkt macht. Hier entstanden die ersten Hochkulturen und alle drei monotheistischen Weltreligionen; ein Reichtum an Gütern, Kultur und Wissen, der das Alte Europa seit jeher sehnsüchtig nach Osten blicken ließ. Frankopan erzählt von Alexander dem Großen, der Babylon zur Hauptstadt seines neuen Weltreichs machen wollte; von Seide, Porzellan und Techniken wie der Papierherstellung, die über die Handelswege der Region Verbreitung fanden; vom Sklavenhandel mit der islamischen Welt, der Venedig im Mittelalter zum Aufstieg verhalf; von islamischen Gelehrten, die das antike Kulturerbe pflegten, lange bevor Europa die Renaissance erlebte; von der Erschließung der Rohstoffe im 19. Jahrhundert bis hin zum Nahostkonflikt. Schließlich erklärt Frankopan, warum sich die Weltpolitik noch heute in Staaten wie Syrien, Afghanistan und Irak entscheidet. Peter Frankopan schlägt einen weiten Bogen, und das nicht nur zeitlich: Er rückt zwei Welten zusammen, Orient und Okzident, die historisch viel enger miteinander verbunden sind, als wir glauben. Ein so fundiertes wie packend erzähltes Geschichtswerk, das wahrhaft die Augen öffnet.

Die P Pstin

Author: Donna W. Cross
Publisher: Aufbau Digital
ISBN: 3841200087
Size: 31.41 MB
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Im bitterkalten Winter des Jahres 814 bringt die heidnische Frau des Dorfpriesters ein Mädchen zur Welt: Johanna. Sie wächst in einer Welt düsteren Aberglaubens auf, gegen den ihr Vater grausam zu Felde zieht. Er läßt sogar die Hebamme des Ortes als Hexe verfolgen. Ein Mensch erkennt bei Johanna besondere Gaben: Aeskulapius, der Pädagoge aus dem fernen Byzanz, weist sie als einziges Mädchen in die Lehren der Philosophie und Logik ein. Doch beinahe wird Johanna ihr Wissensdurst zum Verhängnis. Nur der Ritter Gerold, ihr Freund und späterer Liebhaber, vermag sie vor dem grausamen Magister Odo zu bewahren. Nach einem verheerenden Feldzug der Normannen weiß sie endgültig: Frauen wie sie überleben in dieser Welt nicht. So geht sie als Mönch verkleidet ins Kloster Fulda. Als Medicus betritt sie Jahre später Rom, die Stadt des Papstes - wo die Wechselfälle des Schicksals sie schließlich selbst auf den heiligen Stuhl bringen.

Historical Dictionary Of Mongolia

Author: Alan J. K. Sanders
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538102277
Size: 38.75 MB
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This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Mongolia covers the people and organizations that brought Mongolia from revolution and oppression to independence and democracy, and its current unprecedented level of national wealth and international growth. This is done through a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1,200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Mongolia.

How To Read Shakespeare Like A Royal

Author: Charles N. Pope
Publisher: DomainOfMan.com
ISBN:
Size: 50.37 MB
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The Shakespearean plays contain a stunning breadth and depth of knowledge about English history, European royal history, classical and contemporary literature, and about the complex relationships between the various royal courts of the day. Authorship by the Elizabethan Court is therefore discernible based on content alone, that is, by what the plays revealed and just as importantly, what they threatened to reveal about international royal affairs if the will of Elizabeth was not respected. One of the most significant (and surprising) functions of the plays was to act as a type of "Defense Program" for Queen Elizabeth's throne against her European rivals. However, the plays also served to instill solidarity in the members of the Elizabethan Court and to inspire the English people as well. The plays accomplished all of this without coming across as overly pedantic. They were not merely great works of literature, but a brilliant expression of Elizabethan foreign and domestic policy!

The Mongol Empire A Historical Encyclopedia 2 Volumes

Author: Timothy May
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 161069340X
Size: 70.70 MB
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Covering the rise and fall of the Mongol Empire, this essential reference presents the figures, places, and events that led this once-beleaguered region to rise up to become the largest contiguous empire in history. • Introduces key figures, including women and lesser known members of the military and government • Contains a broad selection of annotated primary documents to foster student research • Provides an overview of the sovereignty and its institutional structures • Summarizes many of the battles fought by the Mongol Empire

Die Nonnen Von Sant Ambrogio

Author: Hubert Wolf
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406645232
Size: 10.52 MB
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Rom, im Juli 1859: Eine Nonne ruft um Hilfe, man will sie vergiften, doch sie kann fliehen. Es kommt zu einem Prozess, in dem die Inquisition Unglaubliches aufdeckt: Im Kloster Sant’Ambrogio werden seit Jahrzehnten Nonnen als Heilige verehrt. Visionen, Dämonenaustreibungen, Segnungen per Zungenkuss, lesbische Initiationsriten und Wunder sind an der Tagesordnung. Zweiflerinnen werden beseitigt. Und hinter den Nonnen steht ein Netzwerk von Jesuiten mit besten Kontakten zum Papst. Hubert Wolf hat in den Vatikanischen Archiven die Akten eines einzigartigen Skandals aufgespürt, der in diesem Buch erstmals publik gemacht wird. In seiner meisterhaften Erzählung des Falles geht es nicht nur um Mord, sexuellen Missbrauch und angemaßte Heiligkeit vor den Toren des Vatikans, sondern auch um die Macht des Papstes.

Die Kreuzz Ge

Author: Thomas S. Asbridge
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608946482
Size: 40.72 MB
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Der Krieg um das Heilige Land- erstmals dargestellt aus christlicher und aus muslimischer Sicht. Diese grosse Gesamtdarstellung nimmt die politischen und religiösen Beweggründe aller Seiten ernst und veranschaulicht die immense Kriegslogistik. In packenden Szenen schildert Asbridge all die Belagerungen und Eroberungen und entwirft lebendige Porträts von Saladin und Richard Löwenherz, dem tragischen Leprakönig Balduin IV. oder der Jerusalemer Königin Melisende. Thomas Asbridge berichtet erstmals gleichberechtigt und in wechselnder Perspektive von den von Christen wie von Muslimen verübten Grausamkeiten und erduldeten Leiden. Ausführlich macht der polyglotte Historiker Gebrauch auch von den arabischen Quellen. Asbridge nimmt nicht nur die politischen, sondern auch die religiösen Beweggründe aller Seiten ernst. Auch von überraschend freundlichen Begegnungen zwischen Kreuzfahrern und Sarazenen erfahren wir: von Momenten des interkulturellen Austauschs, Beispielen friedlicher Koexistenz im Heiligen Land, Gesten religiöser Toleranz und Zeugnissen der Freundschaft über die feindlichen Lager hinweg. (Quelle: Homepage des Verlags).

Genghis Khan And The Making Of The Modern World

Author: Jack McIver Weatherford
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN:
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The Mongol army led by Genghis Khan subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans did in four hundred. In nearly every country the Mongols conquered, they brought an unprecedented rise in cultural communication, expanded trade, and a blossoming of civilization. Vastly more progressive than his European or Asian counterparts, Genghis Khan abolished torture, granted universal religious freedom, and smashed feudal systems of aristocratic privilege. From the story of his rise through the tribal culture to the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed, this brilliant work of revisionist history is nothing less than the epic story of how the modern world was made. From Publishers Weekly Apart from its inapt title, Genghis Khan dies rather early on in this account and many of the battles are led by his numerous offspring. This book is a successful account of the century of turmoil brought to the world by a then little-known nation of itinerant hunters. In researching this book, Weatherford (Savages and Civilization), a professor of anthropology at Macalaster College, traveled thousands of miles, many on horseback, tracing Genghis Khan's steps into places unseen by Westerners since the khan's death and employing what he calls an "archeology of movement." Weatherford knows the story of the medieval Mongol conquests is gripping enough not to need superfluous embellishmentsâ€"the personalities and the wars they waged provide plenty of color and suspense. In just 25 years, in a manner that inspired the blitzkrieg, the Mongols conquered more lands and people than the Romans had in over 400 years. Without pausing for too many digressions, Weatherford's brisk description of the Mongol military campaign and its revolutionary aspects analyzes the rout of imperial China, a siege of Baghdad and the razing of numerous European castles. On a smaller scale, Weatherford also devotes much attention to dismantling our notions of Genghis Khan as a brute. By his telling, the great general was a secular but faithful Christian, a progressive free trader, a regretful failed parent and a loving if polygamous husband. With appreciative descriptions of the sometimes tender tyrant, this chronicle supplies just enough personal and world history to satisfy any reader. Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. From School Library Journal Adult/High School–An interesting, thought-provoking account of the conqueror's life and legacy. From his early years as the son of a widow abandoned by her clan, he showed remarkable ability as a charismatic leader and unifier. In 25 years, his army amassed a greater empire than the Romans had been able to achieve in 400. Whether judged on population or land area, it was twice as large as that of any other individual in history. This colorful retelling discusses many of the innovations that marked Khan's rule and contributed to his success. Although his name is now erroneously associated with terror and slaughter, he showed surprising restraint during a time when few others in power did. He allowed freedom of religion, encouraged free trade, developed a paper currency, and observed diplomatic immunity. As he encountered new cultures, he adopted or adapted their best practices, and constantly updated his military strategies. Although Khan's death occurs at the midpoint of this book, the tales of his survivors' exploits and the gradual fall of the Mongol dynasties are engaging and informative. Weatherford's efforts to credit Genghis Khan and his descendants with the ideas and innovations that created the Renaissance are a bit bewildering, but readers will be left with a new appreciation of a maligned culture, and a desire to learn more.–Kathy Tewell, Chantilly Regional Library, VA Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. From Booklist When the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, exploded out of the central Asian steppes in the early thirteenth century, they began the acquisition of the largest land empire in history. Eventually, the Mongol Empire extended from the Pacific to the Mediterranean and from northern Siberia to Southeast Asia. Yet the West focuses primarily on Mongol savagery. In his revisionist history of the empire, anthropology professor Weatherford uses the so-called Secret History, a long-suppressed Mongol text, to balance the scales. He certainly makes some telling points. The Mongols unified disparate lands, maintained and even expanded east-west trade routes, and made possible eventual contact between Europe and East Asia. Although Mongol rulers were not innovators, Weatherford convincingly asserts that, like the Romans, they effectively used the talents of their subject peoples. Unfortunately, Weatherford is prone to exaggeration. He too easily accepts unverifiable legends as facts, and he gives the Mongols unwarranted credit for fostering the European Enlightenment. Still, this is a well-written and usually credible work that provides a necessary reassessment of the legacy of this vast empire. Jay Freeman Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. Review "There is very little time for reading in my new job. But of the few books I've read, my favourite is Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Jack Weatherford (Crown Publishers, New York). It's a fascinating book portraying Genghis Khan in a totally new light. It shows that he was a great secular leader, among other things." —Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India “Reads like the Iliad. . . Part travelogue, part epic narrative.” —Washington Post “It’s hard to think of anyone else who rose from such inauspicious beginnings to something so awesome, except maybe Jesus.” —Harper’s “Weatherford’s lively analysis restores the Mongol’s reputation, and it takes wonderful learned detours. . . . Well written and full of suprises.” —Kirkus Reviews “Weatherford is a fantastic storyteller. . . . [His] portrait of Khan is drawn with sufficiently self-complicating depth. . . . Weatherford’s account gives a generous view of the Mongol conqueror at his best and worst.” —Minneapolis Star Tribune From the Inside Flap The name Genghis Khan often conjures the image of a relentless, bloodthirsty barbarian on horseback leading a ruthless band of nomadic warriors in the looting of the civilized world. But the surprising truth is that Genghis Khan was a visionary leader whose conquests joined backward Europe with the flourishing cultures of Asia to trigger a global awakening, an unprecedented explosion of technologies, trade, and ideas. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford, the only Western scholar ever to be allowed into the Mongols? ?Great Taboo??Genghis Khan?s homeland and forbidden burial site?tracks the astonishing story of Genghis Khan and his descendants, and their conquest and transformation of the world. Fighting his way to power on the remote steppes of Mongolia, Genghis Khan developed revolutionary military strategies and weaponry that emphasized rapid attack and siege warfare, which he then brilliantly used to overwhelm opposing armies in Asia, break the back of the Islamic world, and render the armored knights of Europe obsolete. Under Genghis Khan, the Mongol army never numbered more than 100,000 warriors, yet it subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans conquered in four hundred. With an empire that stretched from Siberia to India, from Vietnam to Hungary, and from Korea to the Balkans, the Mongols dramatically redrew the map of the globe, connecting disparate kingdoms into a new world order. But contrary to popular wisdom, Weatherford reveals that the Mongols were not just masters of conquest, but possessed a genius for progressive and benevolent rule. On every level and from any perspective, the scale and scope of Genghis Khan?s accomplishments challenge the limits of imagination. Genghis Khan was an innovative leader, the first ruler in many conquered countries to put the power of law above his own power, encourage religious freedom, create public schools, grant diplomatic immunity, abolish torture, and institute free trade. The trade routes he created became lucrative pathways for commerce, but also for ideas, technologies, and expertise that transformed the way people lived. The Mongols introduced the first international paper currency and postal system and developed and spread revolutionary technologies like printing, the cannon, compass, and abacus. They took local foods and products like lemons, carrots, noodles, tea, rugs, playing cards, and pants and turned them into staples of life around the world. The Mongols were the architects of a new way of life at a pivotal time in history. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford resurrects the true history of Genghis Khan, from the story of his relentless rise through Mongol tribal culture to the waging of his devastatingly successful wars and the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed. This dazzling work of revisionist history doesn?t just paint an unprecedented portrait of a great leader and his legacy, but challenges us to reconsider how the modern world was made. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.