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The Self Made Tapestry

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198502432
Size: 34.38 MB
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Why do similar patterns and forms appear in nature in settings that seem to bear no relation to one another? The windblown ripples of desert sand follow a sinuous course that resemles the stripes of a zebra or a marine fish. In the trellis-like shells of microscopic sea creatures we see the same angles and intersections as for bubble walls in a foam. The forks of lightning mirror the branches of a river or a tree. l This book explains why these are no coincidences. Nature commonly weavesits tapestry by self-organization, employing no master plan or blueprint but by simple, local interactions between its component parts - be they grains of sand, diffusing molecules or living cells - give rise to spontaneous patters that are at the same time complex and beautiful. Many of these patterns are universal: spirals, spots, and stripes, branches, honeycombs. Philip Ball conducts a profusely illustrated tour of this gallery, and reveals the secrets of how nature's patterns are made.

Brillante Denker K Hne Pioniere

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783527316809
Size: 23.36 MB
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Zehn Experimente, die die Welt veränderten! Liegt ihre Schönheit in der Klarheit und Einfachkeit ihrer Konzeption? Oder im Entwickeln notwendiger Instrumente? Etwa in den resultierenden Produkten oder gar in der Kühnheit der bahnbrechenden Interpretation der Ergebnisse?

Shapes

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960486X
Size: 33.15 MB
Format: PDF
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"Nature's patterns is a trilogy composed of Shapes, Flow, and Branches."

Branches

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199604886
Size: 66.65 MB
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"Nature's patterns is a trilogy composed of Shapes, Flow, and Branches."

Flow

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199604878
Size: 49.60 MB
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Philip Ball explores the elusive rules that govern flow in nature - from the swirl of a wisp of smoke and eddies in rivers, to the huge persistent storm that is the Great Spot on Jupiter. Whether the movement of wind, water, sand, or flocks of birds, he explains the science of the extraordinary forms and patterns that emerge.

Branches Nature S Patterns A Tapestry In Three Parts

Author: Philip Ball
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199237980
Size: 22.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As part of a trilogy of books exploring the science of patterns in nature, acclaimed science writer Philip Ball here looks at the form and growth of branching networks in the natural world, and what we can learn from them. Many patterns in nature show a branching form - trees, river deltas, blood vessels, lightning, the cracks that form in the glazing of pots. These networks share a peculiar geometry, finding a compromise between disorder and determinism, though some, like the hexagonal snowflake or the stones of the Devil's Causeway fall into a rigidly ordered structure. Branching networks are found at every level in biology - from the single cell to the ecosystem. Human-made networks too can come to share the same features, and if they don't, then it might be profitable to make them do so: nature's patterns tend to arise from economical solutions.

Self Organising Software

Author: Giovanna Di Marzo Serugendo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642173486
Size: 60.66 MB
Format: PDF
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Self-organisation, self-regulation, self-repair and self-maintenance are promising conceptual approaches for dealing with complex distributed interactive software and information-handling systems. Self-organising applications dynamically change their functionality and structure without direct user intervention, responding to changes in requirements and the environment. This is the first book to offer an integrated view of self-organisation technologies applied to distributed systems, particularly focusing on multiagent systems. The editors developed this integrated book with three aims: to explain self-organisation concepts and principles, using clear definitions and a strong theoretical background; to examine how self-organising behaviour can be modelled, analysed and systematically engineered into agent behaviour; and to assess the types of problems that can be solved using self-organising multiagent systems. The book comprises chapters covering all three dimensions, synthesising up-to-date research work and the latest technologies and applications. The book offers dedicated chapters on concepts such as self-organisation, emergence in natural systems, software agents, stigmergy, gossip, cooperation and immune systems. The book then explains how to engineer artificial self-organising software, in particular it examines methodologies and middleware infrastructures. Finally, the book presents diverse applications of self-organising software, such as constraint satisfaction, trust management, image recognition and networking. The book will be of interest to researchers working on emergent phenomena and adaptive systems. It will also be suitable for use as a graduate textbook, with chapter summaries and exercises, and an accompanying website that includes teaching slides, exercise solutions and research project outlines. Self-organisation, self-regulation, self-repair and self-maintenance are promising conceptual approaches for dealing with complex distributed interactive software and information-handling systems. Self-organising applications dynamically change their functionality and structure without direct user intervention, responding to changes in requirements and the environment. This is the first book to offer an integrated view of self-organisation technologies applied to distributed systems, particularly focusing on multiagent systems. The editors developed this integrated book with three aims: to explain self-organisation concepts and principles, using clear definitions and a strong theoretical background; to examine how self-organising behaviour can be modelled, analysed and systematically engineered into agent behaviour; and to assess the types of problems that can be solved using self-organising multiagent systems. The book comprises chapters covering all three dimensions, synthesising up-to-date research work and the latest technologies and applications. The book offers dedicated chapters on concepts such as self-organisation, emergence in natural systems, software agents, stigmergy, gossip, cooperation and immune systems. The book then explains how to engineer artificial self-organising software, in particular it examines methodologies and middleware infrastructures. Finally, the book presents diverse applications of self-organising software, such as constraint satisfaction, trust management, image recognition and networking. The book will be of interest to researchers working on emergent phenomena and adaptive systems. It will also be suitable for use as a graduate textbook, with chapter summaries and exercises, and an accompanying website that includes teaching slides, exercise solutions and research project outlines.

Sandburgen Staus Und Seifenblasen

Author: Oliver Morsch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527641076
Size: 68.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Warum bilden sich Staus aus dem Nichts und lösen sich genauso unverhofft wieder auf? Warum fließt Sand und kann dennoch hart wie Beton sein? Die physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten hinter diesen und anderen Ereignissen sind spannend zu entdecken.