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The Social Contract Theorists

Author: Christopher W. Morris
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 058511403X
Size: 43.20 MB
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This rich collection will introduce students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract political thinkers Thomas Hobbes (1599-1697), John Locke (1632-1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). A dozen essays and book excerpts have been selected to guide students through the texts and to introduce them to current scholarly controversies surrounding the contractarian political theories of these three thinkers.

The Empiricists

Author: Margaret Atherton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847689132
Size: 79.94 MB
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A collection of essays on the work of John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume, designed to provide a deeper understanding of major issues raised in the empiricist tradition. It includes The Rationalist Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibnitz, edited by Derk Pereboom.

Aquinas S Summa Theologiae

Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742543430
Size: 59.99 MB
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Thomas Aquinas (1224/6-1274) was first and foremost a Christian theologian. Yet he was also one of the greatest philosophers of the Middle Ages. Drawing on classical authors, and incorporating ideas from Jewish and Arab sources, he came to offer a rounded and lasting account of the origin of the universe and of the things to be found within it, especially human beings. Aquinas wrote many works, but his greatest achievement is undoubtedly the Summa Theologiae. This presents his most mature thinking and is the best introduction to his philosophical (and theological) ideas. Few secondary books on Aquinas focus solely on the Summa, but the present volume does just that. Including work by some of the best Aquinas scholars of the last half decade, it provides a solid introduction to one of the landmarks of western thinking.

Kant S Critique Of The Power Of Judgment

Author: Paul Guyer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 058548287X
Size: 44.10 MB
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Includes twelve of the most important modern critical discussions of the Critique of the Power of Judgment, written by the leading Kant scholars and aestheticians of the twentieth century.

Classical Social Contract Theory

Author: Sebastian Erckel
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640326946
Size: 66.39 MB
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Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 80%= good, University of Kerala (Department of Political Science), course: Political Theory- Liberal Tradition, language: English, abstract: This essay compares the classical social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Different perceptions of the state of nature resulted in different ideas about the social contract and its emphasis on either security (Hobbes), individual rights (Locke) or the collective freedom of Rousseau's general will. Political philosophy is believed to have started with Plato’s “Republic”, the first known sophisticated analysis of a fundamental question that humans have probably been concerned with much longer: how should human society be organised, i.e. who should rule and why? Plato believed that ruling required special training and skills and should therefore be left to an aristocracy of guardians who had received extensive training. While the notion that ruling requires expertise can hardly be denied there is also agreement among most philosophers that whoever qualifies for the job of ruling needs to do so with the interest of the people in mind. But what is the interest of the people and how can it be discovered? According to Plato, a necessary precondition for rulers is wisdom and that is why he wanted his guardians to be especially trained in philosophy. One may think that the people themselves should know what is best for them but somewhat surprisingly this idea has been rejected not just by Plato but also by many philosophers following him. Another approach is to link rule on Earth to a mandate received from a divine Creator. However, even the idea that humans could not exist without a government has been questioned, most notably by anarchism. Thus, the question of how political rule, the power to make decisions for others, could be justified is an essential one. Only legitimate rule creates obligation and without obligation it is hard to see how any form of society can survive. It is precisely for these elementary questions that social contract theories attempt to provide an answer for. The social contract can be seen as a device both for justifying not only rule itself but a particular type of rule, and demonstrating that political obligation can indeed be demanded. A unique feature of the classical social contract theories discussed in this paper is that they started out with an analysis of the state of nature.

Introduction To Political Thought

Author: Peri Roberts
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748664823
Size: 65.26 MB
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This textbook, now in itsa second edition, is designed to equip students with a basic 'conceptual toolkit' for the study of political thought: (i) a basic political vocabulary, (ii) a conceptual vocabulary and (iii) an historical vocabulary.

Aristotle S Politics

Author: Richard Kraut
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
Size: 39.76 MB
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Aristotle's Politics is widely recognized as one of the classics of the history of political philosophy, and like every other such masterpiece, it is a work about which there is deep division. Many readers of Aristotle are uncertain whether his Politics has any contribution to make to contemporary debates about political life and political theory. The essays in this volume sharpen this issue by addressing, implicitly or explicitly, this very question about the relevance of Aristotle's thinking in contemporary political philosophy. Written by leading scholars in lucid and accessible style, the ten essays in this volume will prove to be a critical resource for newcomers to Aristotle. Book jacket.

Mill S The Subjection Of Women

Author: Maria H. Morales
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780742535176
Size: 35.87 MB
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The articles collected in this critical edition represent a variety of interpretations both of the kind of feminism Mill represents and of the specific arguments he offers in The Subjection of Women including their lexical ordering and relative merit. Each selection is preceded by a brief and useful summary of the author's position intended to assist introductory students.

Plato S Euthyphro Apology And Crito

Author: Rachana Kamtekar
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.