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Migration And Development

Author: Savina Ammassari
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144384313X
Size: 12.46 MB
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This book focuses on international migration and return of highly-skilled Ghanaians and Ivorians and presents empirical research findings that demonstrate that, under certain circumstances, return migrants can act as key development agents in their home country. It investigates the influence of a number of factors that condition their motivation to return and their capacity to stimulate change in their countries of origin. The aim of the study is the assessment of policy implications related to élite returnees’ development impact in evolving socio-economic contexts. The comparative and multi-method research strategy adopted revealed that migrants tend to return home with considerable savings (financial capital), new knowledge, skills and ideas (human capital), as well as with valuable contacts (social capital). Besides their level of education, work profile, and particular life experience, whether these migrants have worked abroad for a significant period, proved the most critical factor influencing their acquisition of different kinds of capital. However, there seems to be an ‘optimum’ work duration abroad – approximately five years – after which the benefits deriving from human and financial capital acquisition tend to stabilise. At the micro level, back home skilled migrants attained their goals, improving their relative income levels, expressing satisfaction with their work conditions and, more generally, enjoying a higher quality of life. At the meso level, they provided support to others in line with expectations and pressures they faced. They also introduced many kinds of new knowledge, skills and ideas in their workplace. At the macro level, return migrants promoted economic and political transformations through, among others, the creation of new businesses and various community development initiatives. The role of return migrants is influenced by many factors linked also to their situation back home. Reintegration into their home context proved challenging, especially for women, and returning migrants need time to overcome initial hurdles and get settled before they can start to make any meaningful contribution. That is one of the reasons why there is a need to facilitate their reintegration and create a conducive environment which can also foster return migration of the highly-skilled élite. More importantly, however, evidence is produced in favour of arguments and ideas about ‘brain circulation’, a strategy that can help in maximising the positive effects stemming from migration and return.

Diaspora Networks And The International Migration Of Skills

Author: Yevgeny Kuznetsov
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821366483
Size: 35.74 MB
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Network diasporas are but the latest bridge connecting developing economy insiders, with their risk-mitigating knowledge and connections, to outsiders in command of technical know-how and investment capital. This book examines the interaction of expatriate talent with institutions in expatriates' countries of origin in an attempt to make the potential of diasporas and their knowledge a reality. The question of how to trigger and sustain such a virtuous cycle is a central concern of this book. The focus is on the "how to" details of how to design effective diaspora networks and transform brain drain into brain gain.

Return Migration

Author: International Organization for Migration
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Size: 74.24 MB
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Includes statistics.

The New Albanian Migration

Author: Russell King
Size: 26.67 MB
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Prevented from leaving their country for over 45 years, the citizens of the Republic of Albania emigrated en masse during the 1990s and the exodus continues. According to the 2001 census, one in five Albanians was a migrant living abroad, mainly in Greece and Italy but also, and increasingly, in a range of other European countries and in North America. The volume's contributors comprise key researchers on Albanian migration from around the world. The book will reflect the wide diversity of disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches deployed by researchers studying this phenomenon.

Cornish Studies Volume 10

Author: Philip Payton
Publisher: University of Exeter Press
ISBN: 9780859897334
Size: 34.23 MB
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The tenth volume in the acclaimed paperback series . . . the only county series that can legitimately claim to represent the past and present of a nation. Contributions by Allen Buckley, Treve Crago, Bernard Deacon, Amy Hale, Edwin Jaggard, Neil Kennedy, Alan M. Kent, Kenneth MacKinnon, Philip Payton, Ronald Perry, Sharron P. Schwartz, Mark Stoyle, Charles Thomas, Garry Tregidga, Colin H. Williams and Malcolm Williams


Author: Research Group for European Migration Problems
Size: 59.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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